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Articles by G Hirokawa
Total Records ( 2 ) for G Hirokawa
  X Ji , R Takahashi , Y Hiura , G Hirokawa , Y Fukushima and N. Iwai
 

Background: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are endogenous small RNAs of 21–25 nucleotides that can pair with sites in 3' untranslated regions in mRNAs of protein-coding genes to downregulate their expression. Recently, circulating miRNAs have been reported as promising biomarkers for various pathologic conditions. We assessed the hypothesis that miRNAs may leak into the circulating blood from injured cells and thereby serve as biomarkers for identifying the injured cell type.

Methods: We used isoproterenol-induced myocardial injury in rats as a model and miRNA array analyses to identify candidate miRNAs specifically produced in the ventricles of the heart. Individual miRNA concentrations were measured by real-time reverse-transcription PCR. Plasma cardiac troponin I (cTnI) concentrations were measured with an ELISA.

Results: Array analyses revealed miR-208 to be produced exclusively in the heart, and we selected this miRNA as a possible biomarker of myocardial injury. Plasma concentrations of miR-208 increased significantly (P < 0.0001) after isoproterenol-induced myocardial injury and showed a similar time course to the concentration of cTnI, a classic biomarker of myocardial injury.

Conclusions: The plasma concentration of miR-208 may be a useful indicator of myocardial injury. Our results suggest that profiling of circulating miRNAs may help identify promising biomarkers of various pathologic conditions.

  T Adachi , M Nakanishi , Y Otsuka , K Nishimura , G Hirokawa , Y Goto , H Nonogi and N. Iwai
 

Background: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are endogenous small RNAs 21–25 nucleotides in length. Recently, we reported that miRNA 208 (miR-208) is produced exclusively in the rat myocardium and that plasma miR-208 is a biomarker of myocardial injury in rats. In the present study, we assessed the hypothesis that plasma concentrations of myocardial-specific miRNAs can be used to diagnose myocardial injury in humans.

Methods: We used array analysis of miRNA production in various human tissues to identify heart-specific miRNAs. We assessed the plasma concentrations of miR-499 in 14 individuals with acute coronary syndromes, 15 individuals with congestive heart failure, and 10 individuals without cardiovascular diseases. Plasma miR-499 concentrations were measured with a real-time reverse-transcription PCR method that used an artificial small RNA as an internal calibrator.

Results: The miRNA array analysis of various human tissues indicated that miR-499 was produced almost exclusively in the heart. Plasma miR-499 concentrations were measurably increased in all individuals with acute myocardial infarction but were below the limit of detection for all individuals in the other patient groups.

Conclusions: The plasma concentration of miR-499 may be a useful biomarker of myocardial infarction in humans.

 
 
 
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