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Articles by Fevzi OZGOKCE
Total Records ( 3 ) for Fevzi OZGOKCE
  Murat UNAL and Fevzi OZGOKCE
  Malcolmia intermedia C.A.Mey. (Cruciferae/Brassicaceae) is recorded for the first time (A9 Kars) for the flora of Turkey. A description, scan, and distribution map of the species are given.
  Bekir DOGAN , Murat UNAL , Fevzi OZGOKCE , Esra MARTIN and Ayla KAYA
  The genus Malcolmia W.T.Aiton is taxonomically problematic, and some of its species have recently been transferred to the genera Strigosella Boiss. and Zuvanda Dvorak. Three species of this genus are native to Turkey. The revision studies based on molecular data, which were collected in the past few years, display the phylogenetic relations and the systematic positions of the taxa more reliably and apparently. Thus taxonomic problems of species are resolved through DNA-based molecular analyses, which are not affected by environmental factors compared to phenotypic studies. In the present study, the amplifications of the DNA fragments were carried out using ISSR primers, and the phylogenetic relationship among the taxa was revealed through a dendrogram produced as the outcome of the NTSYSpc 2.1 software. The infrageneric and intergeneric phylogenetic relationships among Malcolmia and other related genera are determined. A very close relationship was determined between Malcolmia chia and M. flexuosa. Strigosella and Zuvanda species were determined to be phylogenetically different from these 2 species. The phylogenetic relationships among the Malcolmia, Strigosella, Zuvanda, Leptaleum DC., Neotorularia Hedge & J.Leonard, and Sisymbrium L. taxa were investigated. The phylogenetic separation of Malcolmia, Strigosella, Zuvanda Leptaleum, Neotorularia, and Sisymbrium genera and their specimens constituted separate clades on the dendrogram.
  Two triterpenoids, namely 2α,3α-dihydroxy-24-nor- 4(23),12-oleanadien-28-oic acid (1) and ursolic acid (2); 4 flavonoids, namely 5-hydroxy-7,4'-dimethoxyflavone (3), cirsimaritin (4), eupatilin (5), and salvigenin (6); a diterpenoid, namely sclareol (7); and a steroid, namely β-sitosterol (8), were isolated from the aerial parts of Salvia poculata Nab., a Turkish endemic Salvia species. Total phenolic and flavonoid contents of the crude extract were determined as pyrocatechol and quercetin equivalents, respectively. The antioxidant activity of the crude extract and the isolated compounds (2-8) was established using β-carotene bleaching, superoxide anion radical, and ABTS cation radical scavenging activity. In addition, the anticholinesterase activity of the crude extract and the isolated compounds (2-8) against the enzymes acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) was determined. The phytochemistry and antioxidant and anticholinesterase activities of S. poculata were investigated for the first time in this study. The crude extract of S. poculata exhibited a significant antioxidant effect as well as butyrylcholinesterase inhibitory activity. Ursolic acid (2) and cirsimaritin (4) possessed high butyrylcholinesterase inhibitory activity.
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