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Articles by Femi Ayoade
Total Records ( 3 ) for Femi Ayoade
  Chiagoziem Anariochi Otuechere , Femi Ayoade and Oladeji John Arogundade
  Background and Objective: Propanil (PRO) is an acylanilide herbicide used to control barnyard grass and broad leaf weeds. This study evaluated the impact of PRO in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats. Materials and Methods: Diabetes was induced in rats by a single injection of STZ (60 mg kg1 intraperitoneal, i.p.). The PRO was administered at the dose of 200 mg kg1 (i.p. for 7 days), to both normal and diabetic rats. Results: The plasma levels of triglyceride, aspartate aminotransferase, creatinine and renal malondialdehyde level (an index of lipid peroxidation) were significantly increased in diabetic rats. In addition, the levels of high density lipoprotein-cholesterol, superoxide dismutase were depressed in the STZ-treated rats compared to the control group. The co-exposure of PRO increased absolute organ weight, catalase, glutathione peroxidase and malondialdehyde levels. Conclusion: Taken together, exposure to PRO exacerbated oxidative stress in renal tissue of diabetic rats.
  Omolola E. Omotosho , Rebecca Garuba , Femi Ayoade , Abiodun H. Adebayo , Oluwatosin E. Adedipe and Shalom N. Chinedu
  Musa x paradisiaca (plantain) isamong the major tropical staple foods. This study was designed to determine the proximate, mineral and fat soluble vitamins constituents of unripe plantain fried with three different oils (canola oil, soya oil and vegetable oil) and unripe plantain oven dried sample was used as the control. The vitamins were determined using High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC). The result of the proximate analysis showed that the dried samples had higher levels of protein (25.2%), carbohydrate (50.1%), moisture content (13.3%), ash content (2.02%), crude fibre (7.73%) but low level of crude fat in comparison with the fried samples. Plantain fried with vegetable oil had the lowest levels of protein (20.84%), carbohydrate (26.93%), moisture content (13.1%), ash content (1.72%) and crude fibre (6.57%) but the highest level of crude fat (30.84%). Plantain fried with vegetable oil had the highest level of calcium (211.80±0.1 mg g–1) while the dried plantain samples had high level of sodium (233.80±0.07 mg g–1). Lead (Pb) was absent in the dried plantain samples. Dried plantain samples gave a higher value of vitamins A (0.08±0.01 mg g–1), D (0.02±0.01 mg g–1), E (0.01±0.00 mg g–1), K (0.05±0.00 mg g–1) compared to plantain sample fried with canola oil which gave low level of vitamin D (0.03±0.00 mg g–1), E (0.25±0.00 mg g–1) and K (0.03±0.00 mg g–1). However, there was a very high level in vitamin A (0.72±0.02 mg g–1). The result showed that drying in oven retains the nutritional contents of plantain compared to deep-fat frying. Canola oil is recommended for frying although soya oil is also good.
  Femi Ayoade , Nicholas E. Oyejide and Scott O. Fayemi
  In spite of its socio-economic and cultural importance to silk production, not much work has been done on Bombyx mori and silk farming in Nigeria. Of particular interest to this study is bacterial flacherie which is probably the most serious disease of Bombyx silkworm. Using a completely randomized block design, moribund (manifesting symptoms of flacherie disease) and dead larvae of three genetically distinct strains of silkworm and their runts were microbiologically analyzed for the presence of pathogenic bacteria on their body surfaces, gut and whole body. Standard Plate Count (SPC) was done by spread plate method. Bacteria isolation was done using standard microbiological procedures while identification of isolates was done using cultural, morphological and biochemical characteristics. Results show that Akure-China strain consistently showed the highest bacteria count regardless of the location of the insect body from which the sample was taken while the hybrid strain showed the lowest SPC values. The bacterial species isolated from the insect samples in this study were identified as follows: Bacillus badius, Citrobacter freundii, Citrobacter amalomaticus, Enterobacter cloacae, Staphylococcus epidermidis and Serratia marcescens. Results from the present study confirms the superiority of individuals of the hybrid strain to the Akure-China and the Akure-Japan strain when evaluated for their ability to prevent multiplication of pathogenic bacteria, an essential requirement for resistance to infection. Although, flacherie-causing organisms are present in the insect population, an outbreak will be avoided if proper hygiene is maintained by the farmers, ensuring that insects are reared under optimum conditions for productivity.
 
 
 
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