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Articles by Fazal Akbar
Total Records ( 2 ) for Fazal Akbar
  Muhammad Amir Zia , Fazal Hadi , Haji Akbar , Fazal Akbar , Zakir Ullah and Israr Khan
  This research was conducted to characterize B. napus seeds and to compare seeds of different varieties for their compositions. The seeds of ten different Brassica napus varieties namely Cyclon, Star, Vangard, MLCP-048, Bullet, Altex, Con-III, Deffender, Hyola and Dunkled were analyzed for parameters like, pH, electrical conductivity and thousand seed mass. Minerals (Na+ and K+), vitamin C and protein contents were also analyzed. Na+ and K+ were determined by Flame photometer and proteins were analyzed by SDS-PAGE (Sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis). The amount of sodium ranges from 0.020-0.039%. The lowest value of sodium was found in Vangard and the highest in Cyclone. While potassium ranges from 1.14-1.42% with the lowest value for Bullet and the highest for Star. Vitamin C was found in all the varieties in range of 30-96 mg/100 g. The maximum amount of vitamin C was found in Bullet variety while minimum concentration in MLCP-048. Maximum value of pH (6.933) was recorded for MLCP-048, while minimum value for Altex 6.632. The thousand seed mass for cyclone was 5.52 g that was maximum and the lowest value was for bullet variety (3.63 g). Electrical conductivity for different varieties was estimated after different time intervals (20, 40, 60, 80, 100 and 120 min). The overall electrical conductivity determined by conductometer ranged from 0.9-10.4 μ sec. Seeds proteins were analyzed by SDS-PAGE and different numbers of bands showed that variation existed among the different varieties.
  Fazal Akbar , Fazal Hadi , Zakir Ullah and Muhammad Amir Zia
  A green house study was conducted at the University of Malakand, NWFP, Pakistan to evaluate the effect of marble industry effluent on soil pH, germination, post germinative growth and productivity of maize. The experiment was conducted in triplicate form for each treatment and tape water was used as control (T0). Effluents were diluted with tap water at concentration of 20% (T1), 40% (T2), 60% (T3), 80% (T4) and also used 100% (T5) concentration in 4 kg soil potG1 and plants were grown for 90 days. Results showed that there was a linear increase in pH of soil with increase in effluent concentration while germination, root length and stem girth was enhanced and found maximum at 40% concentration of effluent applied. The shoot length and root dry biomass was depressed as compared to control. It is concluded from the present study that marble industry effluent can be used as a fertilizer in low concentration especially for highly acidic soil but there is still need to carry out series of greenhouse and field trials to ascertain the fertilizer potentials of this effluent for maize crop.
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