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Articles by Fatimah
Total Records ( 2 ) for Fatimah
  Nagi A. Al-Haj , M.A. Norfarrah , Mariana , N. Shamsudin , Fatimah , M. Yusoff and Aziz Arshad
  The emergence and spread of antimicrobial resistance in bacteria trigger the discovery of new antibiotics to be ushered in the new age of medicine. Diseases caused by gram positive bacteria become more deadly as the bacteria acquire new virulence factors, develop resistance to modern drug therapy, thus requiring new sources of antimicrobial agents. The sea represents the most promising source of medicinal and natural products of the future. Echinoderms are benthic organism, constantly exposed to high concentration of bacteria, viruses and fungi. Their survival depends on antimicrobial mechanism to protect themselves against microbial infection. In the search for antimicrobial peptide genes, utilization of molecular technique and antimicrobial activity bioassay of a species of sea cucumbers not commercially exploited from Beting Darat, Johore, were carried out. The gene of an antimicrobial peptide that acts by permeabilizing the membrane of bacterial pathogens were amplified at position 222 bp from one species of sea cucumber. The identity of the gene was confirmed by commercial sequencing and similarity, to published gene was determined through BLAST analysis. Four species of sea cucumbers and one species of tunicate were screened for antimicrobial activity using moist disc diffusion technique. Out of 5 samples, the methanol extract of sea cucumber give inhibition zones to 2 strains of Staphylococcus aureus and a strain of Streptococcus pyogenes. The utility of the sea cucumber not commercially exploited as biomedicinal resources offers an alternative horizon in drug discovery programmed from marine resources. Further, investigations on the importance of the antimicrobial peptide presence in the sea cucumber will be elucidated.
  Fatimah , Mohd Ihsan , Samsilah Roslan , Nor Hayati , Alwi , Zeinab Ghiami , Turiman Suandi and Azimi Hamzah
  The purpose of this study was to explore the facets of the hidden curriculum in a Junior Science College from the perspective of students labelled as gifted. This college is set up specifically for gifted and high academic achiever students. A qualitative approach was chosen to gather the data from former students and current teachers of this college. The data was collected from three focus group interviews with 16 former students, individual interviews with four students and 6 teachers, observations of school activities and document reviews. The data was analysed manually, codes and categories were identified and a rich description based on the categories was written to answer the research question. The results showed that the hidden curriculum is the result of the practices, procedures, rules, relationships, structures and physical characteristics of the Special Education Program (SEP). Eight themes were identified which resulted in the learning of intrapersonal and interpersonal skills. The study concluded that the hidden curriculum facilitated the transmission of social norms while the learning improved positive interpersonal and intrapersonal skills in the students, in spite of the restrictive nature of the special education program. According to the results, it can be concluded that flexibility and creativity in instruction promotes positive traits in students and teachers.
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