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Articles by Fatimah Abu Bakar
Total Records ( 2 ) for Fatimah Abu Bakar
  R. Suzita , A.S. Abdulamir , Fatimah Abu Bakar and R. Son
  Problem statement: Food borne illness occurs all over the world. Vibrio cholerae is the etiological agent of cholera which is spread by contaminated food, water or direct fecal contact with food handlers. There are also examples of sporadic outbreaks of illness attributed to raw products eaten unprocessed. Consequently, there was a widespread concern that food in international trade carries pathogenic microorganisms that could result in outbreaks of illness. Approach: A review was done on the role of shellfish and seafood in the transmission of cholera. Google, Pubmed and Scpus were used in preparation of this review. Results: This review clarified that shellfish is one of the main seafood sources for the transmission of cholera. In natural waters Vibrio cholerae can be presented in both free-living state or attached to copepods, zooplankter and algae. Vibrio cholerae can adhere strongly to the shellfish digestive tract and cannot be effectively removed by rinsing the shellfish or by depuration. Colonization or attachment of Vibrio cholerae to shellfish increased the resistance of these bacteria to heat, drying and low pH. Conclusion: Therefore, sea food in general and shellfish in particular provided suitable background for cholera outbreaks. Unfortunately, this mode of transmission was underestimated. Accordingly, proper cooking, storing and re-heating of foods before eating were considered as main safety measures for preventing food-borne transmission of cholera. It was recommended to reconsider this mode of transmission for cholera again as source of cholera epidemics.
  Rand R. Hafidh , Faridah Abas , Ahmed S. Abdulamir , Fatemeh Jahanshiri , Fatimah Abu Bakar and Zamberi Sekawi
  With the increasing level of the carcinogenic and mutagenic substances in the environment, the research to explore new anticancer compounds has become crucial day after day. Although, many chemical anticancer agents are available, the wide spectrum side effects and emergence of chemotherapy resistant cancer cells among patients have made cancer research and discovery of new anticancer agents from natural products particularly medicinal plants pivotal. This review highlights the cancer research led to new natural anticancer agents discovered by Asian scientists in the period from 2000 to 2008. This review focuses also on the evidence based scientific research that proved the importance of dietary habits particularly the vegetarian diet as a potent factor in reducing the risk of carcinogenesis. Many components isolated from plants have been approved to be potent anticancer agents. The plant-derived polyphenolic compounds are promising nutraceuticals for control of various disorders and cancer. These compounds may be the future developing anticancer drugs with no side effect and low cost for people all around the world. The much lower risk of colon, prostate and breast cancers in Asians, who consume more vegetables, fruits and tea than populations in the western hemisphere, raises the role of flavonoid components as protective factors against carcinogenesis.
 
 
 
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