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Articles by Faqir Muhammad Anjum
Total Records ( 9 ) for Faqir Muhammad Anjum
  Imran Pasha , Faqir Muhammad Anjum and Masood Sadiq Butt
  Grain hardness is arguably the single most important determinant of wheat grain quality and utilization and forms the basis of differentiating world trade of wheat grain. The present study was carried out to determine the texture of spring wheats using starch granule-associated friabilin, a 15kDa protein, as biochemical marker and their relationship with other hardness methods, chemical and quality parameter. Kernel texture estimated by near infrared reflectance (HNIR), pearling value (PV) and particle size index (PSI) ranged from 63.83-71.33, 63.00-84.88, and 16.33-29.33, respectively. Most of the spring wheat varieties fall in the category of medium hard possessing faint friabilin band. HNIR positively correlated with water absorption (r = 0.90) and zeleny value (r = 0.38), while negatively related with cookies spread factor (r = -0.58). Friabilin did not correlate with any quality parameter while relationship between other methods of hardness and quality parameters were observed.
  Ayesha Sameen , Faqir Muhammad Anjum , Nuzhat Huma and Haq Nawaz
  Mozzarella cheeses prepared from buffalo, cow and mixture of cow and buffalo milks using commercially available starter cultures (Streptococcus thermophilus, Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp bulgaricus) were analyzed for moisture, fat, protein, ash, pH, acidity and calcium content at different storage days (2, 16, 31, 45 and 60). Cheeses were also evaluated for meltability (to assess the functionality of cooked cheeses) and for various sensory attributes (taste, flavor, texture and overall acceptability) during storage. Cheese composition was significantly affected by milk sources. Buffalo cheese had higher nutritional value while cheese made from mixture of cow and buffalo milk had more meltability and scored more points in all sensory attributes.
  Shahid Mahmood , Masood Sadiq Butt , Faqir Muhammad Anjum and Haq Nawaz
  Cookies were prepared from commercially available straight grade flour using Retinyl acetate (RA) as fortificant @ 30, 40 and 50% of Recommended Daily Allowance (RDA). The product was packed in Bioriented poly propylene (BOPP) and analyzed on monthly basis for physico-chemical and sensory attributes including baking and storage stability of the fortificant up to three month. The results revealed the non-significant influence of fortification on physico-chemical composition and sensory characteristics and the cookies containing 50% of RDA; Retinyl acetate were found the best in overall acceptability. Baking loss of Retinyl acetate was 9.30% while 8.33% loss was observed during storage.
  Mian Anjum Murtaza , Salim - Ur - Rehman , Faqir Muhammad Anjum and Muhammad Anjum
  Cheddar cheese was manufactured from cow and buffalo milk using commercially available starter cultures (Lactococcus lactis ssp. Cremoris and Lactococcus lactis ssp. Lactis). Cheese was analyzed for proximate composition, pH, acidity, lactose and mineral contents and sensory perception (flavor, aroma and texture) after 2 and 4 months of ripening. All the chemical composition was significantly influenced by cow and buffalo milk. Buffalo milk cheese was found considerably superior in nutritional profile. Lactose content and pH decreased and acidity increased significantly during ripening of 120 days. On sensory evaluation, buffalo milk cheese was ranked appreciably higher for all the sensory parameters as compared to that of cow milk.
  Ali Asghar , Faqir Muhammad Anjum , C. Allen Jonathan , Ghulam Rasool and Munir A. Sheikh
  Modified whey protein concentrate (mWPC) is an important functional ingredient having wide range of application in food products. Important functional properties of the whey protein are hydrophilic, swelling and water retention capacity and its ability to absorb and bind water is useful in connection with frozen doughs which are mixed, formed and then held in frozen storage for some length of time before being thawed, proofed and baked. Major objective was to determine the effect of modified whey protein concentrates on instrumental texture profile analysis (TPA) of frozen doughs made from flour with different protein contents. Three commercial wheat flours of protein contents 9.2, 12.7 and 14.2% were studied for making frozen dough. Flours with 9.2 and 14.2% protein contents were fortified with 5% mWPC while 12.7% protein contents flour with 2.5% mWPC. Doughs were prepared by mixing all the ingredients in the dough mixer and after resting divided into different pieces and stored in the walk in freezer at -4oF. The values of texture profile analysis of the frozen doughs after thawing for hardness, cohesiveness, gumminess, adhesiveness and springiness were determined with LFRA Texture Analyzer. TPA of dough samples was performed on fresh i.e. zero day and then after 15, 30 and 60 days to study the effect of storage and mWPC treatments on TPA parameters of frozen dough. Values of instrumental texture parameters of frozen dough were affected significantly by the addition of mWPC treatments and a significant decrease in the values of hardness, cohesiveness, gumminess and springiness were observed with its addition in dough samples. Results also represent significant effect of different storage periods on TPA parameters of frozen dough showing upward trends in the values of hardness and gumminess while decreasing values of cohesiveness, adhesiveness and springiness were recorded with the increasing storage periods.
  Ghulam Mueen-ud-Din , Salim- ur-Rehman , Faqir Muhammad Anjum and Haq Nawaz
  Sourdough naans were prepared using different extraction rate wheat flours and sourdough starter cultures. Sourdough naans were analyzed to find out the effect of flour extraction rates on the production of organic acids and minerals content. It was concluded that organic acids (lactic, acetic and citric acid) increased with an increase in extraction rate and freeze dried cultures containing hetero-fermentative strains of LAB showed better performance than homo-fermentative in the production of organic acids. Similarly, minerals content were also increased with an increase in flour extraction and 100% extraction rate sourdough naan showed the highest minerals content.
  Muhammad Tauseef Sultan , Masood Sadiq Butt , Faqir Muhammad Anjum and Amer Jamil
  The cardiovascular disorders are major cause of mortality in diabetic patients and myocardial necrosis, atherosclerosis and high blood pressure are major ailments in this regard. The core objective of the present research study was to explore the role of Black Cumin Seed Fixed Oil (BCFO) and Black Cumin Essential Oil (BCEO) on the markers of myocardial necrosis i.e. cardiac enzymes in normal and diabetic Sprague dawley rats. Diabetes mellitus was induced using streptozotocin @ 60 mg/Kg body weight. The three diets were prepared i.e. D1 (control), D2 (BCFO @ 4.0%) and D3 (BCEO @ 0.30%) and added separately in the diets and fed to the respective groups for a period of 56 days. The results indicated that diets were insignificant and level of cardiac enzymes remained in the safe ranges in normal rats. However, diabetes affected deleteriously and markers of myocardial necrosis increased in control group. In comparison, BCFO and BCEO normalized the levels of markers of myocardial necrosis. However, BCEO was more effective in reduced the elevated levels of these enzymes. Moreover, increased levels of transferases in diabetic rats were also reduced as a function of BCFO and BCEO treatment. In the nutshell, it can be assumed that black cumin essential oil is more effective in reducing the elevated levels of enzymes thus reducing the onset of cardiovascular disorders in diabetes mellitus.
  Asif Ahmad , Faqir Muhammad Anjum , Tahir Zahoor and Haq Nawaz
  ß-glucan was extracted and purified from oat, at various temperature and pH levels. Response surface methodology was applied to optimize the temperature and pH for extraction of ß-glucan gum pellets. Higher temperatures and neutral pH appeared to increase the yield of gum pellet and recovery of ß-glucan in extracted gum pellets. An extraction temperature of 50°C with a pH 7 was proved effective in removal of more of the impurities from the gum pellet. All the treatments extracted higher amounts of SDF (74.11-76.85%) and TDF (86.71-91.03%) in the extracted gum pellets. However, soluble dietary fiber and total dietary fiber content of gum pellets declined with increase in pH of extrcation medium. Serum glucose, total cholesterol, triglycerides and LDL cholesterol of albino rats decline with administration of increased doses of gum pellet extracted at temperature of 50°C with a pH 7. Incorporation of this gum pellet at 5% level in feed of rats increase the HDL by 37.74% over control group of rats. The reduction in lipoprotein fraction was directly associated with presence of SDF and TDF in the gum pellets.
  Imran Pasha , Suhaib Rashid , Faqir Muhammad Anjum , M. Tauseef Sultan , Mir M. Nasir Qayyum and Farhan Saeed
  The prevalence of protein energy malnutrition is increasing in developing economies especially in Pakistan owing to poverty and consumer’s reliance on plant sources to meet their energy requirements. The food diversification is one tool to eliminate the protein energy malnutrition and pulses holds potential for their utilization in cereal-based products to improve the protein quality. The core objective of present research investigation is devising strategy to curtail protein malnutrition through composite flour technology. For the purpose, wheat variety (Inqulab-91) and mungbean variety (NM-2006) were used for preparation of flour blends that were further evaluated for their quality and their potential application in baked products. The results regarding the farinographic characteristics indicated that water absorption capacity (60.8%) and mixing tolerance index (120 BU) were higher in 15% and 25% mungbean flour blend, respectively. Moreover, mungbean addition improved some chemical attributes e.g. protein from 5.40-9.30%) fat from 21.3-23.7% and fiber from 0.40-0.95%. Similarly, calorific value also increased from 485-501.1 kcal/100 g. Results pertaining to mineral profile portrayed the increasing tendency for sodium, potassium, iron, magnesium, zinc and manganese with gradual increase in mungbean flour. Sensory characteristics of the product were also improved significantly. In the nutshell, mungbean is an ideal candidate for improving the protein contents of cereal-based products.
 
 
 
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