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Articles by Faqir MUHAMMAD
Total Records ( 7 ) for Faqir MUHAMMAD
  M.R. Salik , Faqir Muhammad and M. Aslam Pervez
  The studies were conducted to find out the best age of seedling for transplanting and to compare three varieties of tomato i.e., Money maker, Peelo and IT-378-87. As regards the age of seedlings, medium aged seedlings i.e., 5 weeks were found best for survival percentage of plants, height of plant, number of fruits and yield of the plants followed by six weeks and four weeks. Time taken for flowering was observed less in case of four week seedlings than others. Number of branches were maximum in six weeks seedlings. Varieties did not show any difference for survival percentage or height of plants at first flowering. However, V1 was found best of all followed by V2 and V3 for number of branches, height at maturity, number of fruits per plant and yield, although this variety took maximum time for flower opening than V2 and V3. As regards interaction of varieties and treatments, no significant response was observed except number of fruits per plant.
  M.A. Parvez , Faqir Muhammad and Mumtaz Ahmad
  Present studies were carried out to find the effect of removal of reproductive parts i.e. pods and to observe the compensatory growth behavior and lateral bud out growth for source sink relationship of pea plants. Deponing greatly increased the height of plant, number of leaves, number of branches and number of flowers per plant. Seed number per pod, number of seeds per plant, mean seed weight, total biomass and harvest index was also found significantly affected as a result of pod removal. However, pod removal had no significant effect on branch length number of pods per plant and seed weight per plant.
  Faqir Muhammad , M. Amin Shakir and M. Raza Salik
  The experiment was conducted to study the effect of farm yard manure and inorganic fertilizers applied alone or in combination on the productivity of Winter crop of guava. It has been observed that combined application of farmyard manure and NPK proved best to increase the fruit size, weight and total yield. Alone application of manure was found better than alone application of NPK. The effect of combined application of manure with NP, NK and PK was found in descending order to improve the production. Total soluble solids were not affected with any of the treatment and almost same level of TSS was noted in all cases. However, the yield was significantly increased when all the three major elements (NPK) were applied along with rottened farm yard manure.
  M. Amin Shakir , M. Raza Salik and Faqir Muhammad
  Present research studies were carried out to compare four varieties of grape fruit i.e., Shamber, Marsh seedless, Foster and red Maxican for their vegetative and reproductive characters. It has been found that all the varieties behaved similarly in both the years for height and spread of plant and for TSS contents. With regard to yield, juice contents and juice percentage, Marsh seedless was found superior variety. Stem girth was nearly similar in all cultivars except red Maxican which produced least stem girth. Red maxican was better for giving more fruit size and average weight of single fruit. Generally, all the four cultivars behaved similarly for various vegetative and reproductive characters in both the years.
  M. A. Parvez , Faqir Muhammad and Mumtaz Ahmad
  Studies were conducted to observe the effect of L-tryptophan on growth and yield of tomato. It has been concluded that L-tryptophan improved the vegetative and reproductive growth of tomato. Higher concentrations of Ltryptophan i.e., 10–4 ML–1 and 10–1 ML–1 were found much suitable to boost up stem height, number of leaves per plant. Lower concentrations of L-tryptophan i.e., 10–2 ML–1 and 10–3 were found favourable to improve reproductive characters i.e., number of trusses, fruits per truss and per plant, weight of fruit and number of seeds. TSS was lowered with the application of the chemical and ascorbic acid was enhanced with 104 ML‾1 concentration of L-tryptophan.
  M. Raza Salik , Faqir Muhammad and M. Amin Shakir
  Present studies were conducted to evaluate the effect of fertilizer application at different times of the year on the productivity of kinnow. 40 kg rottened farm yard manure, 1 kg urea, 4 kg single supper phosphate and 1 kg sulphate of potash per plant was applied at three different times i.e., in January, April and July. Application in January improved the number of fruits, fruit size, weight of fruit and juice contents during 1997-98. TSS and juice percentage was not affected by any treatment. The same trend for effect of fertilizers was also observed during 1998-99 with a difference only that juice percentage was also affected with fertilizer treatment and increased when the fertilizer was applied in January. When the fertilizers were applied in April or July, no improvement was noted and the results were similar to or worse than control.
  Masood AKHTAR , M. Abdul HAFEEZ , Faqir MUHAMMAD , Ahsan ul HAQ and M. Irfan ANWAR
  Present paper reports the effects of sugar cane juice (SCJ) on immune responses and its protection against Eimeria (mixed species) infections in broiler chickens. Experiment 1 was conducted to test the dose efficacy of SCJ and its effects on chickens against coccidiosis. Maximum weight gain per day was recorded in chickens given SCJ @ 400 mg/kg body weight. Significantly (P < 0.01) low mortality and increased body weight gain per day were recorded in chickens administered SCJ orally and challenged with mixed species of genus Eimeria. Furthermore, mild hemorrhages, lower lesion scores (+1), and significantly lower number of oocysts shed in faeces were recorded in immunized chickens compared to control. Experiment 2 was carried out to evaluate the immunomodulatory effects of SCJ on cellular and humoral responses. Highest antibody titres (1:1024-1:16; GMT 367.28) were recorded in chickens administered SCJ @ 400 mg/kg body weight in comparison with control (1:16-1:2; GMT 2.82). To demonstrate the cell mediated immunity (CMI), amplitude of toe-web swelling 72 h post avian tuberculin injection was recorded in the experimental and control groups. Maximum swelling (8.13 ± 0.21 mm) was recorded in the experimental group as compared to control (1.04 ± 0.10); indicating higher cell mediated immune response. From these results it was concluded that SCJ elicit a significantly higher cellular and humoral responses compared to control, which may provide protection against Eimeria infections (mixed species) in chickens.
 
 
 
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