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Articles by Fang Li
Total Records ( 7 ) for Fang Li
  Chun Yan , Wei Liu and Fang Li
  Analyzing on change factors of China open-end funds scale and founding economic model which can explain the size of the fund changing. Analyzing and forecasting changes on China open fund scale can provide decision-making basis for management and risk control of China open-end fund investment which will have very theoretical and realistic significance. This study on the external factors which effects the fund investment flows. Based on season serial data it found the error correction model to analysis the change of fund size by the example of the open-end stock equity mutual funds in China. This model extends the size of sample data. The results shows us there exists a long-term cointegration relationship among the fund scale changing Y, the net growth rate of the final fund share X1 and the percentage of the Shanghai index changing X2. It analyzes the long term equilibrium relationship and short term fluctuate forecast of the fund flows. From the coefficient estimation, we can see that the adjustment effort is large.
  Jian-Guo Yang , Fu-You Pan , Wen-Ping Jia and Fang Li
  A new mononuclear nickel(II) complex incorporating a Schiff-base ligand, [NiL2](DMF)4 (HL = 2'-(3,5-dibromo-2-hydroxybenzylidene)-3,5-dihydroxybenzoylhydrazide), has been synthesized and characterized by IR, UV-Vis, elemental analysis and X-ray crystal structure analysis. HL is an anionic tridentate ligand. The nickel atom is hexacoordinated with two oxygen atoms from keto group and two oxygen atoms from hydroxy group and two nitrogen atoms from amide, with the two nitrogen atoms occupying the axial positions forming a distorted octahedral coordination sphere.
  Guan Wang , Pengtao Ma , fang Li and Jingping Wang
  A new organic–inorganic hybrid polyoxoniobate [Cu(1,3-dap)2(H2O)][(H6Nb6O19)2Cu(1,3-dap)2] · 4(1,3-dap) · 20H2O (1) (1,3-dap = 1,3-diaminopropane) has been synthesized by the diffusion method and structurally characterized by elemental analyses, infrared spectrum, ultraviolet spectroscopy, and single crystal X-ray diffraction. Crystal structure analysis reveals that 1 consists of a dimeric dumbbell anion [(H6Nb6O19)2Cu(1,3-dap)2]2−, a copper coordinated cation, four 1,3-dap ligands and 20 crystal water molecules. Neighboring units are combined via hydrogen bonds forming a 3-D supramolecular framework.
  Fang Li
  It is believed that a novel coronavirus, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV), was passed from palm civets to humans and caused the epidemic of SARS in 2002 to 2003. The major species barriers between humans and civets for SARS-CoV infections are the specific interactions between a defined receptor-binding domain (RBD) on a viral spike protein and its host receptor, angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2). In this study a chimeric ACE2 bearing the critical N-terminal helix from civet and the remaining peptidase domain from human was constructed, and it was shown that this construct has the same receptor activity as civet ACE2. In addition, crystal structures of the chimeric ACE2 complexed with RBDs from various human and civet SARS-CoV strains were determined. These structures, combined with a previously determined structure of human ACE2 complexed with the RBD from a human SARS-CoV strain, have revealed a structural basis for understanding the major species barriers between humans and civets for SARS-CoV infections. They show that the major species barriers are determined by interactions between four ACE2 residues (residues 31, 35, 38, and 353) and two RBD residues (residues 479 and 487), that early civet SARS-CoV isolates were prevented from infecting human cells due to imbalanced salt bridges at the hydrophobic virus/receptor interface, and that SARS-CoV has evolved to gain sustained infectivity for human cells by eliminating unfavorable free charges at the interface through stepwise mutations at positions 479 and 487. These results enhance our understanding of host adaptations and cross-species infections of SARS-CoV and other emerging animal viruses.
  Fang Li , Anja H. Schiemann and Maxwell J. Scott
  The male-specific lethal (MSL) protein-RNA complex is required for X chromosome dosage compensation in Drosophila melanogaster. The MSL2 and MSL1 proteins form a complex and are essential for X chromosome binding. In addition, the MSL complex must integrate at least one of the noncoding roX RNAs for normal X chromosome binding. Here we find the amino-terminal RING finger domain of MSL2 binds as a complex with MSL1 to the heterochromatic chromocenter and a few sites on the chromosome arms. This binding required the same amino-terminal basic motif of MSL1 previously shown to be essential for binding to high-affinity sites on the X chromosome. While the RING finger domain of MSL2 is sufficient to increase the expression of roX1 in females, activation of roX2 requires motifs in the carboxyl-terminal domain. Binding to hundreds of sites on the X chromosome and efficient incorporation of the roX RNAs into the MSL complex require proline-rich and basic motifs in the carboxyl-terminal domain of MSL2. We suggest that incorporation of the roX RNAs into the MSL complex alters the binding specificity of the chromatin-binding module formed by the amino-terminal domains of MSL1 and MSL2.
  Jingliang Yan , Fang Li , David A. Ingram and Lawrence A. Quilliam
  Angiogenesis, the formation of new blood vessels from existing vasculature, is regulated primarily by endothelial cell activity. We show herein that the Ras family GTPase Rap1 has a key role in the regulation of angiogenesis by modulating endothelial cell functions. Blood vessel growth into fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF2)-containing Matrigel plugs was absent from rap1a/ mice, and aortic rings derived from rap1a/ mice failed to sprout primitive tubes in response to FGF2, when the tissue was embedded in Matrigel. Knocking down either rap1a or rap1b, two closely related rap1 family members, in human microvascular endothelial cells (HMVECs) by utilizing siRNA confirmed that Rap1 plays key roles in endothelial cell function. The rap1a or rap1b knockdown resulted in decreased adhesion to extracellular matrices and impaired cell migration. HMVEC monolayers lacking Rap1 had increased permeability, and Rap1-deficient endothelial cells failed to form three-dimensional tubular structures when they were plated on Matrigel in vitro. Finally, the activation levels of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK), p38, and Rac, which are important signaling molecules in angiogenesis, were all reduced in response to FGF2 when either of the Rap1 proteins was depleted. These observations place Rap1 centrally in the human angiogenic process and suggest that both the Rap1a and Rap1b proteins are required for angiogenesis and that Rap1 is a critical mediator of FGF-induced ERK activation.
  Yuan-Hung Chien , Ning Jiang , Fang Li , Fang Zhang , Cheng Zhu and Deborah Leckband
  Micropipette manipulation measurements quantified the pre-steady state binding kinetics between cell pairs mediated by Xenopus cleavage stage cadherin. The time-dependence of the intercellular binding probability exhibits a fast forming, low probability binding state, which transitions to a slower forming, high probability state. The biphasic kinetics are independent of the cytoplasmic region, but the transition to the high probability state requires the third extracellular domain EC3. Deleting either EC3 or EC3–5, or substituting Trp2 for Ala reduces the binding curves to a simple, monophasic rise in binding probability to a limiting plateau, as predicted for a single site binding mechanism. The two stage cadherin binding process reported here directly parallels previous biophysical studies, and confirms that the cadherin ectodomain governs the initial intercellular adhesion dynamics.
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