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Articles by F.O. Olasantan
Total Records ( 2 ) for F.O. Olasantan
  A.A. Makinde , N.J. Bello , F.O. Olasantan , M.A. Adebisi and H.A. Adeniyi
  Seasonality and crop combination effects performance of two sorghum cultivars in sorghum/maize/okra intercrop in a forest-savanna transition zone of Nigeria was investigated. Total 5 phenological stages of sorghum formed the basic unit of time for the investigation. During these phenological stages, agroclimatological indices were measured daily and processed into 10 days averages likewise selected agronomic parameters of the components crops were taken. The plants were intercropped in simple Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) fitted into split plot arrangements with three replicates in two field trials. The results showed that the season 2010 crops had relatively longer growth duration, received more rainfall than season 2009 (692 vs. 487.2 mm) while 2009 experienced warmer temperature during establishment cum early vegetative stage than 2010 season (33.2 vs. 32°C) and (28.5 vs. 27°C) during the reproductive phase for season 2009 and 2010, respectively. The mean grain yields of sorghum cultivars were significantly higher in the season 2009 especially in okra combination than in the season 2010. Perhaps, this was due to higher mean soil temperature of 28 and 26°C at 5 and 20 cm in 2009 season compared with season 2010 when mean soil temperature was 27 and 25°C at 5 and 20 cm, respectively.
  O.A. Babalola , J.K. Adesodun , F.O. Olasantan and A.F. Adekunle
  Compost amendment has a positive influence on soil properties and thus can serve as a soil management strategy for a sustainable crop production system. Changes in soil biological, chemical and physical properties in response to 2 separate applications of compost were estimated using 3 rates of compost (0, 10 and 20 t ha-1) on two varieties of tomato (UC82B and BESKE) in 2006 and 2007. Soil samples were taken at 6 and 12 months after the first compost application and 12 and 24 months after the second application for analysis. Results revealed that total microbial count was significantly (p≤0.05) higher after amendment but fungal count was significantly higher only at 12 months in plots amended with 20 t ha-1 than in control after the first compost application. Microbial Biomass Nitrogen (MBN) significantly increased in plots amended with 20 t ha-1 while Microbial Biomass Phosphorus (MBP) and Microbial Biomass Carbon (MBC) increased with increase in rate of amendment up to 1 year after second compost amended. Furthermore, MBP, MBC and soil organic matter were higher at 1 than 2 years after compost the second compost amendment. At 2 years after compost amendments, bulk density significantly decreased by 4.8%, aggregate stability improved by 15.7% and total porosity significantly increased by 2.9%. Also, plots amended with 20 t ha-1 compost and planted to Beske had significant reduction in bulk density and increase in hydraulic conductivity compared with those planted to UC82B. However, aggregate stability was higher in all plots with Beske. Conclusively, compost amendment led to an improvement in soil organic carbon and microbial activities which significantly improved soil physical quality particularly in plots sown to Beske variety.
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