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Articles by F.M. Houndonougbo
Total Records ( 4 ) for F.M. Houndonougbo
  N. Brah , F.M. Houndonougbo and S. Issa
  Objective: This study was conducted to evaluate the bioeconomic performance of grasshopper meal (GM) when used to replace fish meal (FM) in broiler diets during a period of 49 days. Materials and Methods: A total of 360 one-day-old broiler chicks (Cobb 500) were used in this experiment. The FM was replaced with GM on a kg per kg basis at 0% (control), 25% (25% GM+75% FM), 50% (50% GM+50% FM), 75% (75% GM+25% FM) and 100% (100% GM+0% FM) in broiler diets. Treatments (G0, G25, G50, G75 and G100) were randomly distributed into 20 pens of 18 birds each with 4 replications (4 pens/treatment). Data were analyzed in R 3.2 using ANOVA and regression was executed in Microsoft Excel 2013. Results: At the end of the experiment, the daily feed intake, body weight and weight gain linearly and significantly decreased (p<0.05) with increasing substitution rates of fish meal with grasshopper meal. Also, the results showed that feed conversion ratios linearly increased and were significantly affected by the treatments (p<0.05), with the highest performance observed in broilers fed the control diet. Carcass characteristics also significantly decreased (p<0.05) with increasing levels of grasshopper meal in broiler diets. However, the substitution did not significantly affect feed efficacy of broilers during the growing phase (p>0.05). In addition, during the 49 days of experimentation, the body weight, feed conversion ratio, economic feed efficiency and carcass yield of broilers fed G0, G25 and G50 were similar (p>0.05). Conclusion: Therefore, in Niger, fish meal may be substituted with up to 50% grasshopper meal in broiler feed.
  C.C. Kpomasse , B. Sodjinou , K. Voemesse , F.M. Houndonougbo and K. TONA

Objective: This experiment was conducted to investigate the effect of two diets varying in energy and protein (one energy-high-protein-low and one energy-low-protein-high) on performances of Sasso broilers under tropics when offered sequentially. Materials and Methods: A total of 525 Sasso broiler chickens of 3 week of age were assigned into 3 treatments with 5 replicates of 35 birds each. The treatments were: broiler chicken fed (1) Basal diet (A group: control), (2) High energy and low protein diet (E+P diet) in morning and low energy and high protein diet (EP+ diet) in the afternoon (B group) and (3) EP+ diet in morning and E+P diet in the afternoon (C group). At 11 week of age, 30 chickens per treatment were slaughtered to collect blood, abdominal fat, gizzard, liver, heart, kidney, carcass, thigh, breast and intestine. Ultimate pH (pHu) and blood serum concentrations in glucose, triglycerides, total cholesterol, total protein, urea and creatinine were also assessed. Results: Results indicated that feed intake, water intake, body weight, body weight gain, mortality, feed conversion ratio and pHu were similar among treatment groups. However, intestinal length and carcass yield of chickens fed sequentially (B and C) were significantly higher (p<0.05) and their serum creatinine concentration was significantly lower (p<0.05)than those of control group. Abdominal fat, liver weight and serum triglycerides of chickens of B group were significantly lower (p<0.05) than those of A and C group. Conclusion: It was concluded that sequential feeding improved intestinal length, carcass yield weights and serum creatinine and triglycerides of Sasso chickens.

  D. Libanio , T. Bouassi , E.Y.A. Kouame , O.E. Oke , F.M. Houndonougbo , A.A.M.C. Chrysostome and K. Tona

Objective: This experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of Stabilized products of sorghum enriched with lactobacilli (SPSL) on growth performance, haematological parameters and ileal microflora of Guinea fowl. Materials and Methods: A total of 520 one day old guinea fowls with average body weight of 33.02g were assigned to 4 treatments with 5 replicates (26 birds/replicate). The 4 treatments were: (1) Only basal diet (T), (2) Basal diet supplemented with antibiotics in water (T+), (3) Basal diet supplemented with the SPSL at the dose of 1.5% (T1.5), (4) Basal diet supplemented with SPSL at the dose of 3% (T3). At 12 week of age, blood samples were collected from 40 birds per treatment for haematological analysis. The birds were also slaughtered and ileal contents were harvested for microbiological analysis. Results: The results showed that there were no significant differences in the feed intake, feed conversion ratio and body weights of the birds across the treatments. Weight and length of intestine, caeca length and abdominal fat of the birds in T3 were higher (p<0.05) than those of the other treatment groups. The lymphocyte in T1.5 group was higher than those of T group (p <0.05). Total coliforms bacteria was higher in the birds of T+ and T treatment groups than those of T1.5 and T3. The level of Escherichia coli was lower (p<0.05) in the birds of T3 group compared to other treatment groups. Total coliforms in T1.5 and T3 birds were lower than those of T and T+. Conclusion: It was concluded that the SPSL significantly improved the intestinal parameters and reduced the potential pathogen bacteria.

  J. Glago , C.K.C. Tchekessi , K.J. Ekpo , C.C. Kpomassè , N.W. Chabi , A.K. Tete-Benissan , F.M. Houndonougbo , K. Tona and C.A.A.M. Chrysostome
  Background and Objective: The use of antibiotic in livestock production has led to the emergence of new strains of pathogenic bacteria resistant to antibiotics. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of feed containing Lactobacillus casei, Lactobacillus fermentum, Lactobacillus acidophilus and Enterococcus faecium obtained from fermented Tchoukoutou on the performances of local guinea fowl and the exotic guinea fowl (Numida meleagris). Materials and Methods: The birds were assigned to 3 experimental treatments, namely R1 group received a diet containing 3% fermented Tchoukoutou, R2 group fed basal diets and R3 group fed basal diet with an antibiotic (Alfaceryl). A total of 375 guinea-fowl of the local strain and the exotic strain was allotted to each group at the pre-experimental phase were allotted to each group which lasted for one week. Results: The results showed that supplementation of probiotic bacteria improved the production performance of local guinea fowl especially at the starter phase whereas the production performance of the exotic birds were not affected. Conclusion: It was concluded that the feed containing probiotic bacteria obtained from the fermented Tchoukoutou had a beneficial effect on the growth performance of local guinea fowl.
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