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Articles by F. Ebrahimzadeh
Total Records ( 2 ) for F. Ebrahimzadeh
  Sh. Fallahi , E. Badparva , M. Mohammadi , F. Ebrahimzadeh and Y. Pournia
  Infection by Toxoplasma gondii is widely prevalent in humans and other warm-blooded animals. Symptomatic disease is usually uncommon and most of the infections are asymptomatic. The important aspect of this parasitic infection is the probable danger of congenital transmission and its severing effects on the fetus. This cross-sectional study was conducted to determine the seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii IgG antibodies among women referred to Khorramabad central laboratory of health center for pre-marriage medical examinations in 2008. A total of 465 serum samples were examined for detection of specific Toxoplasma gondii IgG antibodies by Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Various information about participants was collected via., questionnaires. The SPSS 15.0 software was utilized to analyze the data from experiments. In order to check for statistical differences, Chi-square test and Fisher’s exact test were used. The results indicated that 97.2% (452 out of 465) of the women's sera had anti-Toxoplasma gondii IgG antibodies. However, no statistically significant differences were observed between age group, level of education, rural or urban residence and job in the seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii IgG antibodies. Regarding the results of this study, Khorramabad city has relatively hyperseropositivity for Toxoplasma gondii antibodies in women who intend to get married. However, a low number of these women were seronegative for Toxoplasmosis and susceptible to infection with Toxoplasma gondii and after it to congenital Toxoplasmosis in their pregnancy. Women infected with Toxoplasma gondii in pregnancy period have an abortion or baby's burn with mental retardation, hydrocephaly and macrocephaly, joundice and blindness symptoms; therefore, health education especially in women who are going to marry and also during pregnancy is necessary.
  A.R. Azargoon , P.K. Moghadam , S. Shokrollahi , F. Ebrahimzadeh and Y. Pournia
  Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), as the sixth prevalent cause of death in the world, is one of the most important causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide. COPD has been defined as a disease state characterized by airflow limitation that is not fully reversible and includes emphysema, chronic bronchitis, small airways diseases, etc. In this cross-sectional and analytical study, 145 patients having the inclusion criteria were selected using a convenience sampling. The data collection tools included a questionnaire including demographic data and health history as well as paraclinical results. Variables such as age, sex, history of cigarette smoking, hookah using, antibiotics and inhaled corticosteroids consumption, bread baking, serum concentration of vitamin D and FEV1 were evaluated. The collected data were then analyzed using the SPSS software. The study revealed that the mean serum 25-hydroxy vitamin D level was 64.0243.14 ng mL-1 and the mean FEV1 was 61.72±16.02%. There was a statistically significant linear relationship between serum 25-OHD level and FEV1. There was not a significant relationship between respiratory infection history in the last month and serum 25-OHD and FEV1 levels. Based on the results of the study, it can be claimed that there is a significant linear relationship between the serum 25-hydroxy vitamin D level and FEV1. Therefore, it seems that measuring vitamins level, particularly vitamin D, can be effective in order to use complementary medicine in the treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
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