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Articles by F. Begum
Total Records ( 5 ) for F. Begum
  M.Z. Karim , M.N. Amin , M.A.K. Azad , F. Begum , M.M. Rahman , S. Ahmad and R. Alam
  Effects of sucrose, agar and pH on in vitro shoot multiplication of Chrysanthemum were studied. Nodal explant from the ex vitro grown plant was used as the test material. For optimum shoot induction and multiplication in MS medium containing BAP+ sucrose 30 gm l-1, agar 6 gm l-1 and pH 5.5-6.0 proved more effective. The media having 30 gm l-1 sucrose showed the highest percentage of explant responded to shoot proliferation and that was 100%. This sucrose concentration also showed the optimum result for number of usable shoots per culture, number of node shoot-1 and average length of shoots and the values were 5.4±0.6, 5.1±0.8 and 5.6±0.4 cm. The highest proliferation response of the explant was observed on MS medium having 6 gm l-1 of agar and the frequency was 100%. Among different level of pH, the highest percentage of explant showing proliferation was observed on the media adjusted to pH 5.5 and 6.0. The results presented here proved to be suitable for the in vitro shoot multiplication of Chrysanthemum morifolium.
  M.S. Islam , M.A. Awal , M. Mostofa , F. Begum , A. Khair and M. Myenuddin
  The present study was undertaken for the effect of spirulina on biochemical parameters and reduction of tissue arsenic concentration in arsenic induced toxicities in ducks. One hundred and seventy 5 ducklings were divided into five equal groups separately. One group (T0) of ducklings was kept as control. One group (T1) of ducklings were given arsenic trioxide @ 100 mg/L drinking water and rest three groups of ducklings (T2, T3 and T4) were given arsenic trioxide @ 100 mg/L plus spirulina in three different doses i.e. 30, 60 and 120 mg/L in drinking water daily for 90 days starting from day 15. Five birds were sacrificed from each group in every 15 day intervals and biochemical parameters were determined. All the biochemical parameters (SGPT, SGOT, ALP, LDH and ACP) were significantly (p<0.01) elevated in arsenic treated groups. However, the elevation of these parameters was less in arsenic plus spirulina treated groups (T2, T3 and T4). The distribution of arsenic concentration was highest in liver and lowest in faeces. Maximum reduction of arsenic was recorded in all organs following highest doses of spirulina (120 mg/L). The present study reveals that spirulina may be helpful for reducing the tissue burden of arsenic in ducks.
  M.S. Islam , M.A. Awal , M. Mostofa , F. Begum , A. Khair and M. Myenuddin
  The present study, was undertaken for the effect of spirulina on toxic signs, body weight and hematological parameters in arsenic induced toxicities in ducks. One hundred and 75 ducklings were divided into 5 equal groups separately. One group (T0) of ducklings was kept as control. One group (T1) of ducklings were given arsenic trioxide @ 100 mg/L drinking water and rest three groups of ducklings (T2, T3 and T4) were given arsenic trioxide @ 100 mg/L plus spirulina in three different doses i.e. 30, 60 and 120 mg/L in drinking water daily for 90 days starting from day 15. Five birds were sacrificed from each group in every 15 day intervals and toxic signs, body weight and hematological parameters were recorded. Ducks of T1 group (only arsenic trioxide) showed depression, reduced feed intake, dullness and ruffled feathers which were in mild in nature in other groups i.e. arsenic plus spirulina. In arsenic treated groups (T1) the not gained body weight was maximum (14.93%), whereas in arsenic plus spirulina treated groups (T2, T3 and T4) the not gained body weight in ducks (4.08-11.26%) were better than only arsenic treated groups. Reduction of TEC, Hb and PCV values and rise of ESR values were significant (P<0.01) in T1 (arsenic treated) groups. However, in arsenic plus spirulina treated rest groups reduction of TEC, Hb and PCV were less than arsenic treated groups. The present study reveals that spirulina may be helpful for reducing the body burden of arsenic in ducks.
  Md. Z. H Howlader , S Parveen , S Tamanna , T. A Khan and F. Begum
 

Objective: Pre-eclampsia is a significant health problem and is the leading cause of maternal and perinatal mortality and morbidity. Low birth weight and prematurity are very common in pre-eclamptic mothers. Pre-eclampsia is associated with oxidative stress in the maternal circulation. To observe the effect of pre-eclampsia on neonates, this study was designed to explore oxidative stress and anti-oxidant status in the fetal circulation in pre-eclampsia.

Materials and Methods: For this purpose, we collected cord bloods during delivery from Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University. Twenty samples were collected from uncomplicated (normotensive) mothers and 15 samples were collected from pre-eclamptic mothers (maternal age matched). Thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), lipid hydroperoxide, protein carbonyl value, lipid profile, total anti-oxidant status (TAS), vitamin C, serum total protein and albumin were measured.

Results: It was observed that TBARS and lipid hydroperoxide were significantly (P < 0.001) increased, protein carbonyl content were also significantly (P < 0.001) increased but total anti-oxidant status (P < 0.001) and vitamin C level were significantly (P < 0.05) decreased in cord blood from pre-eclamptic mother compared to control group. Cholesterol, TG, LDL level was elevated and HDL were lowered in cord blood in pre-eclamptic group compared to normotensive group. In pre-eclamptic group, cord blood total protein, albumin and globulin level were significantly decreased compared to control group.

Conclusions: As pre-eclampsia is associated with increased oxidative stress and decreased anti-oxidant status, the results of these investigations suggest that oxidative stress and antioxidant status are altered towards proatherogenic level in cord blood of pre-eclamptic women which may ultimately be responsible for different complications of newborn babies of pre-eclamptic mothers.

  T. Sultana , M.S. Islam , M. Aktaruzzaman , F. Begum , M.K. Hossain , N.S. Lucky and M.M.R. Howlader
  Background: This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of fenbendazole and piperazine citrate against ascariasis in naturally infected calves of Sylhet Dairy Farm, Sylhet, Bangladesh. The study included 84 calves of which 40 were naturally infected and randomly selected 20 on the basis of their weight and egg count. Twenty calves of 1-8 month old irrespective of sex infested with ascariasis were selected for this experiment and randomly divided into four equal groups (group A, B, C and D) where each group consisted of 5 calves and calves of group D were kept as control group. Two fenbendazole (7.5 mg kg-1 b.wt., orally) preparations (Globe Pharmaceuticals Ltd. and Techno drugs Ltd., Bangladesh) and piperazine citrate (220 mg kg-1 b.wt., orally) preparations (Ethical drugs Ltd., Bangladesh) were used for positive control of ascariasis as group A, B and C. Calves of group D was kept as control without giving any treatment. Objective: The present investigation was aimed to evaluate the effects of modern anthelmintics Fenvet® (Fenbendazole), Peraclear® (Fenbendazole) and Therazin® (Piperazine citrate) against ascariasis in calves irrespective to the species involved and their effects on the basis of EPG (eggs per gram) count, body weight of calves and hematological parameters like Total Erythrocyte Count (TEC), Hemoglobin (Hb%), Packed Cell Volume (PCV), Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate (ESR) and Total Leukocyte Count (TLC) were also included in this investigation. Results: Before trials (day 0), total egg count, blood samples and initial body weight were recorded. During the study period the fecal and blood samples were collected directly from rectum on 7th, 14th, 21st and 28th day and examined using McMaster fecal egg counting method. Body weights were recorded on day 0 and day 28 following the treatments. The results of the comparative efficacies of different anthelmintic of fenbendazole were 95.50 and 95.58%, followed by piperazine citrate 97.27%, respectively. McMaster fecal egg counting method discloses the percentage of prevalence of ascariasis 35.71% (1-2 months), 24.00% (3-4 months), 21.74% (5-6 months) and 18.18% (7-8 months), respectively. After treatment with fenbendazole and piperazine citrate, Total Erythrocyte Count (TEC), Hemoglobin (Hb) content and Packed Cell Volume (PCV) were increased significantly (p<0.01 and p>0.05) in calves but Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate (ESR) and Total Leukocyte Count (TLC) were decreased significantly (p<0.05 and p>0.01) in all treated calves and body weight was increased significantly (p<0.01) on day 28. The farm management practices along with results of the present study revealed the efficacy of multiple anthelmintic against gastrointestinal nematodes in calves. Additional detailed studies are required to clarify the current status of the efficacy of the anthelmintic widely used in different agro ecologies, animal species and livestock management systems in Bangladesh.
 
 
 
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