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Articles by F Abdullah
Total Records ( 2 ) for F Abdullah
  F Abdullah , Y Zhang , M Camp , D Mukherjee , A Gabre Kidan , P. M Colombani and D. C. Chang
 

Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is the most common gastrointestinal emergency of the neonate. Previous information about this disease has largely been gathered from limited series. We analyzed 13 years of the National Inpatient Sample (NIS) and 3 years of the Kids’ Inpatient Database (KID; 1997, 2000, 2003) to generate the most comprehensive profile of outcomes to date of medically versus surgically treated NEC. We identified 20 822 infants with NEC, of whom 15 419 (74.1%) and 5403 (25.9%) were undergoing medical and surgical management, respectively. Overall, surgical patients had greater length of stay, total hospital charges, and mortality. Among infants dying during admission, there was no significant difference in length of stay or charges between the medical and surgical groups. These findings highlight the need for developing a clinically relevant risk stratification tool to identify NEC patients at high risk for death.

  F Abdullah , Y Zhang , T Lardaro , M Black , P. M Colombani , K Chrouser , P. J Pronovost and D. C. Chang
  Background

The number of uninsured children in the USA is increasing while the impact on children's health of being uninsured remains largely uncharacterized. We analyzed data from more than 23 million US children to evaluate the effect of insurance status on the outcome of US pediatric hospitalization.

Methods

In our analysis of two well-known large inpatient databases, we classified patients less than 18 years old as uninsured (self-pay) or insured (including Medicaid or private insurance). We adjusted for gender, race, age, geographic region, hospital type, admission source using regression models. In-hospital death was the primary outcome and secondary outcomes were hospital length of stay and total hospital charges adjusted to 2007 dollars.

Results

The crude in-hospital mortality was 0.75% for uninsured versus 0.47% for insured children, with adjusted mortality rates of 0.74 and 0.46%, respectively. On multivariate analysis, uninsured compared with insured patients had an increased mortality risk (odds ratio: 1.60, 95% CI: 1.45–1.76). The excess mortality in uninsured children in the US was 37.8%, or 16 787, of the 38 649 deaths over the 18 period of the study.

Conclusion

Children who were hospitalized without insurance have significantly increased all-cause in-hospital mortality as compared with children who present with insurance.

 
 
 
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