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Articles by Essa H. Al-Mashhadani
Total Records ( 4 ) for Essa H. Al-Mashhadani
  Essa H. Al-Mashhadani , Dhia K. Ibrahim and Luma K. Al-Bandr
  The experiment was conducted at the Faculty of Agriculture University of Ain Shams-Egypt, from January to March 2008, to study the effect of different levels of chromium yeast (Cr-yeast) on broiler chickens performance, carcass quality and enzyme activity through 35 days of experimental periods. A total of 450 one-day old unsexed chickens (Cobb) strain were used. The birds were randomly allocated to five treatments with 3 replicates each. The treatments were control (T1) without supplementation and T2, T3, T4 and T5 which were supplemented with 0.5, 1, 1.5 and 2 mg Cr-yeast /kg diet, respectively. Live body weight and weight gain were significantly (p<0.05) higher when Cr-yeast were supplemented at 1 (T3), 1.5 (T4) and 2 (T5) mg/kg diet. Feed conversion was significantly (p<0.05) better when Cr-yeast was supplemented at levels of 1 (T3) or 1.5 (T4) mg/kg diet. Dressing percentage, percent cuts were not affected by dietary supplementation of Cr-yeast. Amylase level in both jejunum and ileum increased significantly (p<0.05) in the groups supplemented with 1 (T3) or 1.5 (T4) mg Cr-yeast, while other enzyme levels were not significantly different among control and supplemented groups. However, enzyme levels of supplemented groups were numerically higher than the control. Protein percentage in the breast and thigh increased significantly (p<0.05) in all Cr-yeast supplemented groups as compared to the control group, while fat percentage in the breast and thigh decreased significantly (p<0.05) when Cr-yeast level increased from 1-2 mg/kg diet. It can be concluded that Cr-yeast had a beneficial effect on some of the productive measurements of broilers under such experimental conditions.
  Sunbul J. Hamodi , Essa H. Al-Mashhadani , Farah K. Al-Jaff and Hanan E. Al-Mashhadani
  This study was conducted to determine the potential effect of coriander seed as growth promoting substance in broiler chicks raised under summer condition in Iraq (32-36oC). One hundred and eighty day-old Arbor Acer broiler chicks were randomly assigned to four dietary treatments with three replicate pens (15 birds/pen). Birds were fed experimental diets containing 0% (T1), 1% (T2), 2% (T3) and 3% (T4) coriander seed. Water and feed were provided ad libitum during the experiment. Performance parameters were monitored weekly which include live body weight, weight gain, feed consumption and feed conversion ratio (g. feed/g. gain). Result showed that inclusion of 2% coriander seed in broiler diets improve (p<0.01) total means of live weight and weight gain. Further more, feed consumption and feed conversion were significantly (p<0.05) higher in the 2% (T3) coriander seed as compared with other treatments. Feeding broiler chicks 2% coriander seed as a diet ingredient resulted in a significant improvement in performance parameter. Therefore, inclusion of 2% coriander seed in broiler diets could be beneficial for improving broiler performance raised during summer months.
  Essa H. Al-Mashhadani , Hisham. Al-Mashhadani and Jinan S. Al-Shamire
  This study was conducted at the poultry farm, Animal Resources Department, University of Baghdad, College of Agriculture, to study the effect of inclusion different levels of chamomile oil on broiler performance. Two hundred and twenty five day-old (cobb) broiler chickens were allocated randomly to five dietary treatments from 7-38 days of age, with three replicate pens (15 birds/pen/per treatment). The experimental diets were as follows: control (T1), 100mg chamomile oils/Kg diet (T2), 200mg chamomile oils/Kg diet (T3) 300 mg chamomile oils/Kg diets. (T4) and 400 mg chamomile oils/Kg diets (T5). Essential oil was dissolved in vegetable oil and then gently mixed with the standard diets. Results showed that final live body weight, weight gain and feed conversion were significantly (p<0.05) better for T5 than the control. It could be concluded from this study that supplementing broiler diets with essential oil have a beneficial effect on broiler performance and plasma cholesterol and glucose.
  Essa H. Al-Mashhadani , Farah K. Al-Jaff , Sunbul J. Hamodi and Hanan E. Al-Mashhadani
  This study was conducted to investigate the potential effect of coriander oil on broiler performance and some physiological traits. One hundred and thirty five day-old broiler chicks were randomly assigned in to three dietary treatments with three replicate pens per treatment (15 birds/pen). Birds were fed experimental diets containing 0, 0.5 and 1% coriander oil. Feed and water were provided ad libitum during the six weeks experimental period. Performance parameter were measured weekly which include body weight, weight gain, feed consumption and feed conversion ratio. While, cholesterol and glucose were measured at the end of the study. Results showed that inclusion of 0.5% (T2) and 1% (T3) coriander oil significantly improve body weight, weight gain, feed intake and feed conversion ratio (g feed/g gain) significantly (p<0.05) than those of the control group. The inclusion of coriander oil at levels of 0.5% and 1% significantly (p<0.05) decreased plasma cholesterol and glucose. It could be concluded that the inclusion of coriander oil improve broiler performance and lower cholesterol and glucose levels. Therefore, it could be concluded that the inclusion of coriander oil in broiler diet during summer months have a beneficial effect on performance and physiological traits measured.
 
 
 
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