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Articles by Esra MARTIN
Total Records ( 8 ) for Esra MARTIN
  Nurcan Evliyaoglu , Mustafa Kargioglu , Esra Martin , Mehmet Temel and Ozlem Cetin
  In this research, a karyological analysis on three naturally growing Limonium Miller species were made using Image Analysis System.The species studied are;Limonium iconicum (Boiss. and Heldr.) O. Kuntze,L. lilacinum (Boiss. and Bal.)Wagenitz and L. globuliferum (Boiss.and Heldr.) O. Kuntze. The chromosome numbers are determined as 2n = 34 in L. iconicum, as 2n = 36, in L.lilacinum and as 2n = 18 in L. globuliferum. The chromosome lengths in these taxa varied between 1.44 to 6.10 μm. The karyotype formula of the species studied were; in L. iconicum 10m+5sm+2T, in L. lilacinum7m+10sm+1T and in L. globuliferum 4m+5sm. The ideograms of each species were arranged according to the decrease in their length.
  Esra Martin , Ahmet Duran and Tuncay DIrmencI
  In this research, the chromosome number and morphology of M. trojana species are determined. Somatic chromosome number was counted as 2n = 12. The karyotype of this species consisted of four metacentric chromosome pairs and two submetacentric chromosomes. Chromosome length varies between 2.44-4.27 μm. The karyogram and idiogram were determined based on centromeric index and arranged in the decreasing size order.
  Esra MARTIN , Muhittin DINC and Ahmet DURAN
  Centaurea L. (Asteraceae) is one of the largest genera in Turkey. The chromosome number and morphology of 8 taxa belonging to the genus Centaurea were investigated using an image analysis system. Among these taxa, the chromosome numbers were as follows: 2n = 18 in C. cariensis Boiss. subsp. niveotomentosa (Hub.-Mor.) Wagenitz, C. lycaonica Boiss. & Heldr., C. virgata Lam., and C. polyclada DC.; 2n = 24 in C. cyanus L.; 2n = 36 in C. virgata and C. cariensis Boiss. subsp. cariensis: 2n = 40 in C. urvillei DC. subsp. urvillei; 2n = 54 in C. tuzgoluensis AytaƧ & H.Duman. In 5 taxa mixoploidy was observed (C. lycaonica, C. urvillei subsp. urvillei, C. cariensis subsp. cariensis, C. virgata, and C. tuzgoluensis). Based on karyotypic data for this genus, 3 basic chromosome numbers in Centaurea taxa were observed (x = 9, 10, and 12). Furthermore, ideograms are given for all the Centaurea taxa studied.
  Tuncay DIRMENCI , Ekrem DUNDAR , Gorkem DENIİZ , Turan ARABACI , Esra MARTIN and Ziba JAMZAD
  The genus Cyclotrichium, a member of the tribe Mentheae subtribe Menthinae (Lamiaceae, Nepetoideae), was analysed with respect to morphological revision, phylogenetic analysis, and cytogenetic properties. All species of the genus were investigated for morphological characters and ITS (internal transcribed spacers) of nrDNA sequence comparison (except C. hausknechtii for ITS). Six members of the genus were also analysed for chromosome numbers. The combined results strongly suggested that Cyclotrichium is a separate genus in Nepetoideae with distinct morphological, phylogenetic, and cytogenetic characteristics. For intrageneric phylogeny of Cyclotrichium, 3 groups were recognised: 1. C. niveum; 2. C. origanifolium; and 3. the remaining 6 species. Clinopodium s.l. and Mentha appear to be most closely related to Cyclotrichium. The phylogenetic relationship of Cyclotrichium with Clinopodium s.l., Mentha, Micromeria, Melissa, and Satureja is discussed. This is the first report on the somatic chromosome numbers of 6 Cyclotrichium species and phylogenetic analysis of Cyclotrichium based on (nrDNA) ITS sequences.
  Esra MARTIN , Hasan AKAN , Murat EKICI and Zeki AYTAC
  This study describes the karyotypes of 10 Turkish species of Trigonella L. belonging to section Cylindricae Boiss. (Leguminosae). Excluding the karyotypes of T. velutina Boiss. and of T. sibthorpii Boiss., which were previously studied, all of the other 8 species were studied here for the first time. The species of the section were gathered from different localities in Turkey, and it was determined that the somatic chromosome numbers for all species were the same (2n = 16). Also, satellite metaphase chromosomes were determined in T. velutina and T. strangulata.
  Bekir DOGAN , Murat UNAL , Fevzi OZGOKCE , Esra MARTIN and Ayla KAYA
  The genus Malcolmia W.T.Aiton is taxonomically problematic, and some of its species have recently been transferred to the genera Strigosella Boiss. and Zuvanda Dvorak. Three species of this genus are native to Turkey. The revision studies based on molecular data, which were collected in the past few years, display the phylogenetic relations and the systematic positions of the taxa more reliably and apparently. Thus taxonomic problems of species are resolved through DNA-based molecular analyses, which are not affected by environmental factors compared to phenotypic studies. In the present study, the amplifications of the DNA fragments were carried out using ISSR primers, and the phylogenetic relationship among the taxa was revealed through a dendrogram produced as the outcome of the NTSYSpc 2.1 software. The infrageneric and intergeneric phylogenetic relationships among Malcolmia and other related genera are determined. A very close relationship was determined between Malcolmia chia and M. flexuosa. Strigosella and Zuvanda species were determined to be phylogenetically different from these 2 species. The phylogenetic relationships among the Malcolmia, Strigosella, Zuvanda, Leptaleum DC., Neotorularia Hedge & J.Leonard, and Sisymbrium L. taxa were investigated. The phylogenetic separation of Malcolmia, Strigosella, Zuvanda Leptaleum, Neotorularia, and Sisymbrium genera and their specimens constituted separate clades on the dendrogram.
  Ayla KAYA , Murat UNAL , Fevzi OZGIOKCE , Bekir DOGAN and Esra MARTIN
  The fruit and seed morphologies of 6 species previously placed in the genus Malcolmia W.T.Aiton were examined with stereomicroscopy and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) in order to determine the significance of fruit and seed features as taxonomic characters. This study presents macro- and micromorphological characters, including fruit and seed shape, size, colour, fruiting pedicel size, fruit hair and density, seed coat pattern, epidermal cell shape, and anticlinal and periclinal cell walls. The results showed that the morphological characteristics of the fruit and seed could be used as criteria to distinguish genera and tribes. The investigated features of specimens indicated that Malcolmia chia (L.) DC. and M. flexuosa (Sibth. & Sm.) Sibth. & Sm. should remain in the genus that belongs to the tribe Anastaticeae. Malcolmia crenulata (DC.) Boiss. and M. exacoides (DC.) Spreng. belong to the genus Zuvanda (Dvorak) Askerova of the tribe Conringieae. Finally, Malcolmia africana (L.) W.T.Aiton and M. intermedia C.A.Mey. belong to the genus Strigosella Boiss. of the tribe Euclidieae. A key is provided for the identification of the investigated species based on fruit and seed characters.
  Esra MARTIN , Ozlem CETIN , Ekrem AKCICEK and Tuncay DIRMENCI
  Somatic chromosome numbers of 26 Stachys L. taxa (14 species, 11 subspecies, and 1 varietas), collected from different localities in Turkey, were counted for the first time, except for Stachys byzantina C.Koch and S. thirkei C.Koch. In this study, all of the Stachys taxa determined were somatic with chromosome numbers counted as 2n = 30. This research has made a contribution to the taxonomic revision of the genus Stachys in Turkey.
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