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Articles by Eng-Seng Chan
Total Records ( 2 ) for Eng-Seng Chan
  Kenthorai Raman Jegannathan , Eng-Seng Chan and Pogaku Ravindra
  The issues of global warming and greenhouse gas emissions are increasingly becoming one of the major technological, as well as and also important societal and political challenges. With increasing gap between the energy requirement of the industrialized world and inability to replenish such needs from the limited sources of energy like fossil fuels, ever increasing levels of greenhouse pollution from the combustion of fossil fuels in turn aggravate the perils of global warming and energy crisis. One quarter of the world's CO2 emissions are created by the transport sector which accounts for some 60% of the world's total oil consumption. Biofuel made from biomass has the potential to reduce greenhouse gas emissions compared to fossil fuels. By using cleaner technology, it is possible to enhance economic growth in industries all over the world while at the same time saving water, energy, raw materials and waste to minimize the environmental footprint. The cleaner technology involves the use of enzymes in an industrial process. Enzymes can be used to make fuels and chemical intermediates in more sustainable, environmentally friendly ways. The development of new enzymes, including through the production and purification of enzymes from genetically modified organisms, is a major driving force in the commercialization of cleaner technology products and processes.
  M.A. Islam , Chu Chi Ming , Pogaku Ravindra and Eng-Seng Chan
  Rheological studies of boehmite sols based on pH was (1) to study the nature of flow properties of the boehmite sols and (2) to identify the sol-gel transition of boehmite sols with the change of pH of the liquid. It is evident that the shear rate and viscosity of the liquid exhibit a pseudoplastic (shear thinning) flow behavior for all pH level. The transformation of sol-gel at low pH probably due to the hydrogen bond between the layers of the boehmite structure. The temperature has an appreciable effect on the activation energy during the sol-gel transition. The flow activation energies ΔEη are in the range of 1.75 to 6.25 J mol-1 at temperature 298-384 K. Based on these results, the flow activation energy of boehmite sols sharply decreases with decreasing the pH. The flocculation of the suspension at pH 4 to 1 showed to be favourable in term of enhanced density of boehmite.
 
 
 
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