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Articles by Emrah Cicek
Total Records ( 5 ) for Emrah Cicek
  Emrah Cicek and Fahrettin Tilki
  Effects of stumping back on the performance of browsed or poorly developing Fraxinus angustifolia seedlings were investigated in the present study. One year old bareroot seedlings of F. angustifolia were planted at a spacing of 2x2 m in March, 2004. Most of the growing seedlings were damaged by heavy animal browsing or grew poor in the first growing season. At the end of the first vegetation period a randomized block design with three replications were designed to evaluate the effect of stumping back on the performance of F. angustifolia seedlings. The treatments were (A) undamaged seedlings with good growth (shoot increment >20 cm) not stumped back, (B) undamaged seedlings with poor growth (shoot increment <5 cm) stumped back and (C) damaged seedlings by heavy animal browsing stumped back at 8 cm above the root collar in December 2004. Singling was done in stumped back plants in mid-May 2005 and a healthy straight stem was left. It was found that stumping back significantly increased growth of poorly developing or heavy browsed seedlings and didn’t reduce survival after two growing seasons following stumping back in December 2006.
  Emrah Cicek and Fahrettin Tilki
  The effects of seed size on seed germination, and seedling survival and growth of Castanea sativa were studied in this study. The seeds were classified into small (< 5 g), medium (5-8 g) and large (> 8 g) classes. Germination parameters were significantly related to seed weight and large seeds germinated early and showed better germination than small seeds under laboratory conditions. Survival percentage and various morphological traits of the seedlings were investigated at the end of first growing season in nursery bed. It was found that seed size significantly affected seedling emergence, seedling survival, shoot height, root collar diameter and seedling dry weight but did not significantly affect shoot/root ratio and the average numbers of roots. Thus, it can be concluded that large seeds in C. sativa have better germination and survival, and the larger the seed, the larger the average seedling would be in seedling diameter, height and dry weight.
  Emrah Cicek , Fahrettin Tilki , Semsettin Kulac , Murat Yilmaz and Faruk Yilmaz
  Seedlings of Fraxinus angustifolia Vahl., Ulmus laevis Pall. and U. minor Mill. were grown in nursery for this study. The one-year old bareroot planting stocks so produced were out-planted on the bottomland site with heavy clay soils and 360 seedlings per species was assessed two years after planting for diameter, height and survival. Significant differences were found among species in survival, diameter and height. Fraxinus angustifolia and U. laevis had excellent survival (100%) and survival was lower in U. minor (92%). Ulmus laevis had the greatest height increment (128.3 cm) and total height (187.5 cm) followed by U. minor. Fraxinus angustifolia had the lowest height increment (76.4 cm) and total height (147.2 cm). Diameter increment was also different among species and U. laevis had the greatest diameter increment (15.1 mm) and there were not significant differences among U. minor and F. angustifolia. It might be concluded that the overall survival and growth of the species were high enough on this bottomland site with heavy clay soils although there were significant differences among the species in survival and growth.
  Emrah Cicek and Fahrettin Tilki
  The effects of temperature, light and storage on the germination of Ulmus glabra and Ulmus laevis seeds were studied. Germination tests were carried out under constant temperatures of 20°C and alternating temperatures of 30/20°C. Temperature significantly affected seed germination of U. glabra not stored, and seed germination was the highest at 30/20°C under dark or light. Temperature and light (0 or 8 h) did not significantly affect germination of U. laevis seeds not stored. When seeds were stored for 2 years, seed germination of U. glabra and U. laevis was significantly affected by temperature and light (0, 8, 6 and 24 h). Two years storage of U. glabra seeds increased light demands for germination percentage, and the seeds could be stored at 4°C for 2 years without losing its viabilities when germinated at 30/20°C under light. Although germination percentage and germination rate of U. laevis seeds reduced after 2 years of storage, germination parameters were still quite high when seeds were germinated at 30/20°C under light.
  Emrah Cicek and Fahrettin Tilki
  In the present study, the effect of stratification on the germination of Pterocarya fraxinifolia seed was studied. Collected seeds were cold stratified without a medium at moist low temperature for 0, 3, 5 and 7 weeks at a constant temperature of 4±1°C or warm stratified for 3 weeks at 20°C for 8 h and 4°C for 16 h (20/4°C). After each stratification duration, the seeds were placed in a germination chamber at a temperature regime of 8 h at 30°C plus 16 h at 20°C (30/20) in darkness and Germination Percentages (GP) and germination rates (PV) were determined. 3, 5 or 7 weeks of cold stratification without a medium broke the seed dormancy and produced more than 90% germination. Germination rate was the highest after 5 or 7 weeks of cold stratification. The present study reveals that Pterocarya fraxinifolia has seed dormancy and 5 weeks of cold stratification without a medium is necessary to maximize seed germination percentage and germination rate.
 
 
 
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