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Articles by Elisa MANCUSO
Total Records ( 2 ) for Elisa MANCUSO
  Elisa MANCUSO and Lorenzo PERUZZI
  In the last twenty years the growing number of studies about the reproductive biology in angiosperms has brought to light new cases of andromonoecy and androdioecy, the rarest sexual models among flowering plants. Female-sterile sexual systems, especially within order Liliales and family Liliaceae, often seem to occur in the particular form of size/age dependent sex allocation, known as "gender disphasy". The presence of male individuals of Fritillaria persica (Liliaceae) is here documented. Comparative morphological and functional sexual expression of this species, among males and hermaphrodites, was investigated by means of flowers counting, morphometric measurements of plants and pollen-grains, pollen viability and germinability tests, and crossing experiments. The results show that hermaphrodite plants are significantly bigger and produce a higher number of flowers than males. On the other hand, there is no difference either in terms of pollen size or potential male fitness, between the 2 sex types. This suggests the occurrence of gender disphasy in this species, even if our preliminary crossing experiments seem to show an effective higher fitness of male individuals in fertilization. F. persica resulted also partially self-compatible. Our results are discussed in relation to recent findings about andromonoecious and androdioecious breeding systems within Liliales.
  Elisa MANCUSO , Gianni BEDINI and Lorenzo PERUZZI
  Fritillaria montana Hoppe ex W.D.J.Koch (Liliaceae) is a rare perennial geophyte growing in south-eastern Europe. Although it occurs in most of the Italian territory, it is very rare and is included in the Red List of threatened plant species of most of the regions in which it grows; in Tuscany (central Italy), it is listed as Critically Endangered. The aim of our study was to investigate the seed size, weight, and morphology; the seed moisture and oil contents; the seed germination conditions; and the effect of different storage treatments on final germination success in F. montana. Seeds were collected from the only Tuscan population that set fruit in 2008, and they were then subjected to morphometric, moisture, and oil content measurements; germination tests; and different storage conditions. Morphometric measurements and shape index evidenced the flat and drop-like shape of the seeds, which have a moisture content of 14.62% and an oil content of 1.09%. They need a period of cold stratification to break dormancy and germinate, with a final percentage of 77.5%. The germination percentage after storage at 5 °C was 70%, while after storage in a drying room it was 55.2%. The differences between the final germination percentage of fresh seeds and treated seeds were only weakly significant. In the short time allotted for the trial, seeds of F. montana showed a good tolerance to drying and a potential predisposition to ex situ conservation techniques.
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