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Articles by Elijah Johnson
Total Records ( 3 ) for Elijah Johnson
  Dennis A. Apeti , Larry Robinson and Elijah Johnson
  This study aims to assess baseline concentrations of heavy metals (Cd, Cr, Cu, Pb and Zn) in the oyster soft tissue as they relate to concentrations in the water column (particulate phase) and sediment in Apalachicola Bay. In order to conduct these assessments, a total of 360 samples, collected in two seasons (winter and summer) and were analyzed using atomic absorption spectrometry. Results indicated that elemental concentrations in particulate phase correlate significantly with concentration in the tissue than those in the sediment. Moreover, assessment of seasonal and spatial variations have indicated that oysters collected in the winter have significantly higher (P<0.05) Cu, Pb and Zn concentrations than oysters collected in the summer. However, metal concentrations in sediment did not show such patterns. These observations confirmed the fact that metals in the particulate phase are more bioavailable to oysters and that the oysters can be used as good indicators of the spatial and temporal variation of the heavy metals in the aquatic system.
  Dennis A. Apeti , Elijah Johnson and Larry Robinson
  Kinetics of bioaccumulation of the trace metals (Cd and Zn) by C. virginica were investigated in this study. A computer program, Oyster Bioaccumulation Model (OBM), was developed to simulate the accumulation of the metals from both dissolved (water column) and particulate (food) phases by C. virginica. The model is based on two main attributes: (1) the oyster biological characteristics such as gill morphometry, feeding growth rate, respiration rate and lipid composition and (2) the physicochemical properties of metals, which include aqueous diffusivity and partition coefficients. For some data from Chesapeake bay, simulation results compared well with field results. Predicted Bioaccumulation Factor (BAF) parameters (1.5 x 104 for Cd and 6.6 x 104 for Zn) for Apalachicola Bay show that elemental concentrations in C. virginica are up to 4 orders of magnitude greater that that of the water column. Furthermore, the model is shown to be flexible enough to be utilized in other estuaries.
  Elijah Johnson , Ayaovi D. Apeti , Sekeenia Haynes and Larry Robinson
  Steady state solute and heat transfer for laminar flow in a flat duct has been widely studied[1-4]. The same problem in a circular tube is called the Graetz Problem[5,6]. The transfer rate of solute and heat from fluids is of importance in a number of processes, such as diffusion of drugs in the blood stream and the uptake of environmental contaminants by animals in aquatic media[7]. In this study the rate of solute or heat transfer from fluids was determined by solving the associated differential equation. Solution by the series approach in the complex plane was used with a series that had a gaussian factor. The eigenfunctions and eigenvalues involved were examined for two different sets of boundary conditions.
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