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Articles by Eileen E. Ming
Total Records ( 2 ) for Eileen E. Ming
  Eileen E. Ming , Michael H. Davidson , Sanjay K. Gandhi , Marcelo Marotti , Carolyn G. Miles , Xiongkan Ke and James M. McKenney
 

Background

Patients may experience increased risk of adverse drug interactions when statins are administered concomitantly with cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4) inhibitors.

Objective

To determine patient numbers in routine clinical practice with concomitant exposure to CYP3A4-metabolized statins and CYP3A4 inhibitors and highlight potential risk for adverse drug interaction.

Methods

Exposure to prescription medications over 1 year (2005-2006) was evaluated from patient records: US PharMetrics Integrated Patient-Centric administrative claims database and the US General Electric Medical System (GEMS) database. Rates of concomitant prescribing of statins with CYP3A4 inhibitors (listed in United States of America product labels and all identified potential inhibitors) were examined in the cohort overall, in those aged ≥65 years, and in those receiving higher doses of statins.

Results

Overall, 951,166 patient records were included (PharMetrics n = 650,825; GEMS, n = 300,341). Of these, 792,081 (83%) patients used a CYP3A4-metabolized statin as opposed to a non-CYP3A4-metabolized statin (17%). Findings from both databases were consistent. Overall, 25-30% of patients given a CYP3A4-metabolized statin were concomitantly exposed to a CYP3A4 inhibitor, including approximately 9% concomitantly exposed to a labeled inhibitor, findings consistent with those in patients aged ≥65 years, and patients on higher doses of statins.

Conclusions

Clinicians frequently co-prescribe CYP3A4-metabolized statins with CYP3A4 inhibitors. Physician education regarding the impact of these inhibitors on the metabolism of lovastatin, simvastatin, and atrovastatin is needed. Further studies are also needed to determine whether concomitant administration of a non-CYP3A4-metabolized statin (such as fluvastatin, pravastatin, or rosuvastatin) with a CYP3A4 inhibitor, may reduce adverse event rates in routine clinical practice.

  Peter P. Toth , Danielle Potter and Eileen E. Ming
 

Background

The association between increased low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and increased risk for cardiovascular events is well established, with treatment focusing on LDL-C lowering. Other lipid abnormalities are also associated with increased cardiovascular risk (eg, low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol [HDL-C], high triglycerides [TG], and high non-HDL-C). Despite national lipid guidelines, the prevalence of these abnormal lipid parameters alone or in combination (mixed dyslipidemia) is not well recognized.

Objective

We assessed the prevalence of high LDL-C, low HDL-C, high TG, high non-HDL-C, and mixed dyslipidemia by using National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) data to estimate the proportions of U.S. adults not at guideline-recommended lipid goals.

Methods

NHANES 2003-2006 fasting blood serum data were used to categorize adults aged ≥20 years by LDL-C (risk stratum-specific), HDL-C (men, <40 mg/dL; women, <50 mg/dL), non-HDL-C (in subjects with TG ≥200 mg/dL), and TG (≥150 mg/dL) target levels with use of the NCEP ATP III definitions based on coronary heart disease (CHD) risk.

Results

An estimated 53% (105.3M) of U.S. adults have lipid abnormalities: 27% (53.5M) have high LDL-C, 23% (46.4M) have low HDL-C, and 30% (58.9M) have high TG. Among patients with serum TG levels ≥200 mg/dL, approximately 13% (25.7M) of adults have non-HDL-C levels ≥130 mg/dL. Also, 21% (42.0M) of U.S. adults have mixed dyslipidemia (high LDL-C with either low HDL-C and/or high TG), with nearly 6% (11.6M) having all three lipid abnormalities. For LDL-C, an estimated 23M adults with CHD or a CHD risk equivalent and 17M with ≥2 risk factors but a Framingham risk ≤20% are not at goals of <100 and <130 mg/dL, respectively.

Conclusion

Prevalence of dyslipidemia in the United States continues to be high, with the majority of U.S. adults now affected by some form of lipid abnormality. Efforts to promote screening, risk stratification, and initiating appropriate treatment should be intensified.

 
 
 
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