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Articles by E.O. Ghaemi
Total Records ( 4 ) for E.O. Ghaemi
  M. Mazandarani , S. Yassaghi , M.B. Rezaei , A.R Mansourian and E.O. Ghaemi
  This research project was a field observation study and we examined the ethnobotany, phenology and antibacterial effects of two species of H. perforatum and H. androsaemum. The investigation of phenology showed these plants initiate vegetative stage at the early April to June, with wide dispersal and density in humid temperate to dry-cool climate in heavy texture soil and non saline in 10-2400 m from sea level. The ethanolic extracts of flowering aerial parts of either species exhibited a good antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus and Entrococcus faecalis, with the diameters of growth inhibition zone in the rang 25, 26 mm in H. perforatum and 16, 20 mm in H. androsaemum, respectively. Weak antibacterial effects were seen in the infusion and aqueous extracts. Present data show that Gram-negative bacteria are resistant toward all of different extracts. We conclude that the extract of Hypericum species should be used when the etiological agent of infection is a Gram-positive bacteria.
  B. Behmanesh , G.A. Heshmati , M. Mazandarani , M.B. Rezaei , A.R. Ahmadi , E.O. Ghaemi and S. Bakhshandeh Nosrat
  The chemical composition and antibacterial effect of Artemisia siberi essential oil were studied in this research. The composition of essential oil from aerial parts was analyzed by GC/MS and its antibacterial effect were determined by disc diffusion method. Artemisia ketone (48.5%), 1, 8-cineole (19.7%), selin-11-en-4-a-ol (4.6%) and lavandulon (2.8%) were the major constituents of this herbal medicine. Inhibitory zone against Pseudomonas aeroginosa, Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli around discs contained 100 mg mL-1 of Artemisia siberi essential oil were 18, 13 and 12 mm, respectively. Further studies for the determination of anti Pseudomonas infection in animal model are suggested.
  A.R. Mansourian , E.O. Ghaemi , A.R. Ahmadi , A. Marjani , A. Moradi and A. Saifi
  The purpose of this study was to describe the distribution of serum prostate specific antigen (PSA) and to determine age-specific reference range in a population of Persian men. Venous blood samples were taken from 287 men, from Gorgan located in the North of Iran, South-East of Caspian Sea, aged 15≥80 year. The serum PSA levels was measured using Enzyme-linked Immunosorbant-Assay (ELISA) technique and age-specific range for PSA level was determined. The serum prostate-specific antigen level for six age group of 15-40 years, 41-50 years, 51-60 years, 61-70 years, 71-80 years and >80 years were mainly in the range of 0-2.5 ng mL-1, for 76.6%, 2.6-4 ng mL-1 for 9.1% and as whole 85.7% of all men in this study had ≤4 ng mL-1, 8.7 and 5.6% all men of six age group had PSA level of 4.1-10 ng mL-1 and >10 ng mL-1, respectively. The findings of present study indicated that a large proportion (76.6%) men in this region have a lower PSA level of 0-2.5 ng mL-1 and only 9.1% of men have PSA level of 2.6-4 ng mL-1. It is therefore concluded that acceptable reference range of 0-4 ng mL-1 for PSA level require further reassessment.
  E.O. Ghaemi , A. Moradi , A.R. Mansourian , A. Ghadirzadeh , N. Behnampoure and S. Bakhshandeh Nosrat
  This research has been set up to determine the prevalence and to recognize the effective risk factors in causing the reactivation of this abnormality. This study is a cross-sectional analytical-descriptive research, which was carried out during 2003 on the students of Golestan University of Medical Sciences. In this study, the demographic characteristic of 310 subjects was obtained using a questionnaire which was filled by the students. Fifty nine point four percent of the subject population was female. The mean age of sample population was 21.77 years. Two hundred and four subjects (65.8%) had experienced herpetic infection during their life-time. Lip was the main sites of such infection (87.56%) of the cases. Out of the above number of students 41 (13.2%) subjects had herpetic infection. The second questionnaire was given to this later subject to fill. The main question in the second questionnaire was focused on the effective risk factors of the incidence of herpetic infection. The main effective risk factors in recurrence of herpetic infection were, anxiety stress, psychological problems in 90.2% of cases and mouth manipulation 61%. We conclude that the frequency of herpes labialis in our region among the young people was higher than other published data.
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