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Articles by E.B. Ibitoye
Total Records ( 3 ) for E.B. Ibitoye
  A.A. Jimoh , E.B. Ibitoye , Y.U. Dabai and S. Garba
  This study was conducted to investigate in vivo antimicrobial potential of garlic against Clostridium perferinges and resultant promotant effects on performance of the broiler chickens. Garlic powder was used as an alternative to GPAs (Growth Promotant Antibiotics) to prevent subclinical Necrotic Enteritis (NE) due to C. perferinges. 120 day-old broiler chicks were randomly distributed to six treatment groups of 20 chicks each (2 replicates¯10 chicks). Six isonutrient diets supplemented with garlic at graded levels of 0.0, 0.5, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0 and 2.5 g kg-1 were fed to the birds for seven weeks. Data were collected weekly on performance parameters including feed intake, weight gain and feed conversion ratio (FCR). Also, on the 21 35 and 49th days of the study, two birds per group were randomly selected, slaughtered and dissected. 1g of caecal contents per each bird were sampled into labelled sterile sample bottles. The samples were subjected to culturing, bacterial identification and colony counting. All data were subjected to analysis of variance. Results showed that garlic significantly (p>0.05) depressed feed intake (3310 g feed/bird at 1.0 g kg-1 supplementation) but improved FCR. The supplement has no significant effect on weight gain but C. perfringens colony counts in the treated groups, were numerically reduced (lowest count, 0.93x105 cfu g-1 at 1.0 gkg-1 supplementation), as compared to the control. It is therefore concluded that diets could be supplemented with garlic at dose range of 1.0 to 1.5 g kg-1 to prevent subclinical NE and achieve improved performance in birds.
  O.O. Faleke , Y.A. Yabo , A.O. Olaleye , Y.U. Dabai and E.B. Ibitoye
  The present study was conducted to investigate the point prevalence of Cryptosporidium oocysts infection in calves grazing along the bank of Rima River Sokoto in October 2011. The river bank is a converging zone for domestic animals reared in different quarters of the town and the surrounding settlements. A total number of 2,959 cattle were enumerated out of which 147 (4.97%) were calves. Faecal samples were collected from 100 (68.02%) calves by convenient sampling technique. Formol-Ether sedimentation and modified Ziehl-Neelsen staining techniques were used to identify the Cryptosporidium oocysts in the faecal samples. Faecal consistency was also used to identify diarrhoeic and non-diarrhoeic calves. Cryptosporidium oocysts were identified in 33(33.0%) of the calves examined. The detection rate was higher among the male calves (38.46%) than females while the Rahaji breed had the highest prevalence of 62.5%. A total of 6 (18.18%) among the positive cases were diarrhoeic. The differences in prevalence based on sex, breeds and presence of diarrhoea were not statistically significant. Calves may become sources of Cryptosporidia infection to man and other animals in the study area through unrestricted movements and interactions with the environment.
  O.O. Egbewande , A.A. Jimoh , E.B. Ibitoye and B.R. Olorede
  Tapinanthus bangwensis (African Mistletoe), leaf meal was used as a replacement for GNC at 0, 5, 10 and 15% levels of inclusion in broiler diets. One hundred and twenty day-old (Anak strain) broiler chicks were used for the study which lasted for six weeks. Feed intake and body weight gain were determined weekly. The feed/gain and gain/feed ratios were also determined. At the end of the study five birds per treatment were randomly selected, starved and bled for blood samples to be used for haematological and serum chemistry. There was no significant difference (p>0.05) in feed intake, but there was (p<0.05) in body weight gain. Statistical analysis showed significant difference (p<0.05) in haemoglobin, PCV and RBC; but no significant difference (p>0.05) in WBC. The serum parameters showed no significant difference (p>0.05) among treatment means except in globulin. Treatment IV showed the least feed cost/kg feed. No mortality was recorded throughout the feeding trial.
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