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Articles by E.A. Metwally
Total Records ( 2 ) for E.A. Metwally
  Hoda M. Soliman , G.M. Abdel-Fattah and E.A. Metwally
  Background: In Egypt, chocolate spot disease caused by Botrytis fabae Sard. and Botrytis sinerea Pers. is the most serious disease affecting bean. Trichoderma harzianum Rifai is one of the most potent bioagents used for the control of many plant pathogens. This biocontrol agent has not harmful effects on humans, wild life and other beneficial organisms, safe and effective biocontrol agent in both natural and controlled environments that doesn’t accumulate in the food chain. Materials and Methods: The antagonistic effect of T. harzianum against B. fabae was investigated on Potato Dextrose Agar (PDA) medium using dual culture technique. Also the antifungal activity of T. harzianum metabolites was also tested on the linear growth of B. fabae using cellophane method. Scanning electron microscopy was also used to investigate the mycoparasitic nature of T. harzianum on B. fabae. Results: An overgrowth of T. harzianum on B. fabae was observed, indicating the antagonistic behavior of T. harzianum against B. fabae. A complete reduction in the linear growth of B. fabae was observed indicating the antifungal activity of T. harzianum metabolites. By using the slide culture method, light microscopy observations showed an evidence about the mycoparasitic nature of the tested isolate of T. harzianum on B. fabae. Scanning electron microscopic observations confirmed the mycoparasitic nature of T. harzianum on B. fabae. Conclusion: The above results confirmed the mycoparasitic and aggressive nature of T. harzianum on B. fabae.
  Noura El-Ahmady El-Naggar , E.A. Metwally , A.B. El-Tanash and A.A. Sherief
  Forty five soil samples from different sites of non-cultivated soil, salt marshes and rhizosphere of some wild and cultivated soils collected from seven governorates of Egypt were used as local source for isolation of some inulinolytic fungi. Forty six fungal species belonging to three sub-divisions of Zygomycotina, Ascomycotina and Deutromycotina were identified. Eight unknown filamentous fungi characterized by their black reverse color on PDA medium and Czapek agar plates were recorded. Frequency of occurrence indicates that Aspergillus foetidus var. pallidus (frequency 52.2%) was the most dominant followed by A. sclerotiorum (39.1%). All fungi were able to grow on medium containing sugar cane bagasse and Jerusalem artichoke tubers powder (1:1). No significant correlation observed between the fungal growth, liberated soluble protein and inulinase activities. Inulinase activity indicate that Aspergillus foetidus var. pallidus (564.71±1.22 Ugds-1), A. sclerotiorum (534.78±1.37 Ugds-1), Emericella nidulans (495.73±3.85 Ugds-1) and A. aculeatus (444.37±2.37 Ugds-1) were the most active fungal species able to produce a considerable amount of enzyme activity.
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