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Articles by E. Kusnadi
Total Records ( 2 ) for E. Kusnadi
  E. Kusnadi and A. Djulardi
  This experiment was conducted to evaluate the effect of various environmental temperatures and time of sampling on physiological dynamic of broilers. The effect of treatment on level of triiodothyronine hormone (T3), cholesterol, glucose and protein plasma as well as the weight of bursa of Fabricius and spleen in broilers was also estimated. One hundred and fourty 14-d old broilers with 500-600 g of body weight were used as materials. The treatments had two factors, the first factors were consisted of five experiment temperatures (25.55±1.45 with feeding ad libitum; 25.55±1.45 with pair feeding as T2; 25.55±1.45 with pair feeding as T3; 29.29±1.27 with feeding ad libitum and 31.59±1.05oC with feeding ad libitum as T1, T1FP1, T1FP2, T2A and T3A respectively) and the second factors were three times of sampling (4, 8 and 16 days after factor of experiment temperature as D4, D8 and D16 respectively). 5 x 3 split plot experimental design was used to analyze the data (five experiment temperatures and three times of sampling). Data collected were analyzed with Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) and Duncan Multiple Range Test (DMRT) was further used to test the significant differences. The experiment resulted that T3 level of T1FP1, T1FP2, T2A and T3A, lower than T1A, meanwhile of D16 and D8 were higher than D4. The cholesterol of T1A was lower than others. Level of glucose of T1A was lower than others too. The weight of bursa of Fabricius of T1A, T1PF1, T1PF2, were higher than T2A and T3A. The weight of spleen of D16 was higher than D8 and D4.
  E. Kusnadi and F. Rahim
  An experiment was conducted to evaluate the effect of floor density and feeding system on the weight of bursa of Fabricius and spleen as well as the plasma Triiodothyronine level of Bayang Duck. Objective of the experiment was to know the effect of floor density and feeding system on the weights of bursa of Fabricius and spleen as well as the plasma triiodothyronine level in the Ducks. As animal materials in the experiment were used Bayang Ducks, a localized kind of domestic water poultry. Bayang Ducks have been being reared traditionally by small farmers in District Pesisir Selatan of The Province of West Sumatera-Indonesia. In amount of 80 ducks treated since they were 2 weeks age and average body weight 135±0.39g until finishing of six weeks experimental period. The experiment was arranged into Split Plot Design in CRD with factors Floor density D1 0.48 sq m/duck, D2 0.08 sq m/duck and feeding systems F1 ration and F2 free choice. Every treatment had five replications and every experimental unit consisted of four ducks. The measured variables were relative weight of bursa of Fabricius and spleen as well as level of triiodothyronine in blood plasma. Data were analyzed statistically with Split Plot Design in CRD. The experiment resulted in that the relative weight of bursa of Fabricius as well as spleen and the level of plasma triiodothyronine (T3) as D1 and F1 effects significantly higher than that of S2 and F2 respectively.
 
 
 
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