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Articles by E. Y Kim
Total Records ( 3 ) for E. Y Kim
  J. A Choi , J. W Lee , H Kim , E. Y Kim , J. M Seo , J Ko and J. H. Kim
 

Leukotriene B4 (LTB4) is an inflammatory mediator with potent biological activities in the pathogenesis of many inflammatory diseases. In the present study, we found that expression of BLT2, a low-affinity LTB4 receptor, is significantly upregulated in breast cancer cells. In addition, we observed that inhibition of BLT2 by a specific antagonist, LY255283, or by siBLT2 RNA interference caused dramatic apoptotic cell death in breast cancer cells, especially in the estrogen receptor (ER)-negative MDA-MB-468 and MDA-MB-453 cells, suggesting a role for BLT2 in survival of these breast cancer cells. In an approach to understand the downstream mechanism by which BLT2 mediates the potential pro-survival signaling, we found that the elevated reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation is associated with BLT2-mediated survival. Expression of Nox1, a member of the NADPH oxidase family, is also highly upregulated in a BLT2-dependent manner in these breast cancer cells, suggesting that ‘Nox1-derived ROS’ lie downstream of BLT2. Consistent with the proposed role of ‘Nox1–ROS’ in pro-survival signaling, knockdown of Nox1 with siNox1 or treatment with a ROS scavenging agent caused dramatic apoptotic death in these breast cancer cells. Taken together, our results demonstrate, for the first time, that the ‘BLT2–Nox1–ROS’-linked cascade is involved in the pro-survival signaling, especially in ER-negative breast cancer cells.

  L. D Ridgway , E. Y Kim and S. E. Dryer
 

Large conductance Ca2+-activated K+ (BKCa) channels encoded by the Slo1 gene (also known as KCNMA1) are physiologically important in a wide range of cell types and form complexes with a number of other proteins that affect their function. We performed a yeast two-hybrid screen to identify proteins that interact with BKCa channels using a bait construct derived from domains in the extreme COOH-terminus of Slo1. A protein known as membrane-associated guanylate kinase with inverted orientation protein-1 (MAGI-1) was identified in this screen. MAGI-1 is a scaffolding protein that allows formation of complexes between certain transmembrane proteins, actin-binding proteins, and other regulatory proteins. MAGI-1 is expressed in a number of tissues, including podocytes and the brain. The interaction between MAGI-1 and BKCa channels was confirmed by coimmunoprecipitation and glutathione S-transferase pull-down assays in differentiated cells of a podocyte cell line and in human embryonic kidneys (HEK)293T cells transiently coexpressing MAGI-1a and three different COOH-terminal Slo1 variants. Coexpression of MAGI-1 with Slo1 channels in HEK-293T cells results in a significant reduction in the surface expression of Slo1, as assessed by cell-surface biotinylation assays, confocal microscopy, and whole cell recordings. Partial knockdown of endogenous MAGI-1 expression by small interfering RNA (siRNA) in differentiated podocytes increased the surface expression of endogenous Slo1 as assessed by electrophysiology and cell-surface biotinylation assays, whereas overexpression of MAGI-1a reduced steady-state voltage-evoked outward current through podocyte BKCa channels. These data suggest that MAGI-1 plays a role in regulation of surface expression of BKCa channels in the kidney and possibly in other tissues.

  E. Y Kim , Y. H Chiu and S. E. Dryer
 

Large-conductance Ca2+-activated K+ (BKCa) channels encoded by the Slo1 gene are often components of large multiprotein complexes in excitable and nonexcitable cells. Here we show that Slo1 proteins interact with Neph1, a member of the immunoglobulin superfamily expressed in slit diaphragm domains of podocytes and in vertebrate and invertebrate nervous systems. This interaction was established by reciprocal coimmunoprecipitation of endogenous proteins from differentiated cells of a podocyte cell line, from parasympathetic neurons of the embryonic chick ciliary ganglion, and from HEK293T cells heterologously expressing both proteins. Neph1 can interact with all three extreme COOH-terminal variants of Slo1 (Slo1VEDEC, Slo1QEERL, and Slo1EMVYR) as ascertained by glutathione S-transferase (GST) pull-down assays and by coimmunoprecipitation. Neph1 is partially colocalized in intracellular compartments with endogenous Slo1 in podocytes and ciliary ganglion neurons. Coexpression in HEK293T cells of Neph1 with any of the Slo1 extreme COOH-terminal splice variants suppresses their steady-state expression on the cell surface, as assessed by cell surface biotinylation assays, confocal microscopy, and whole cell recordings. Consistent with this, small interfering RNA (siRNA) knockdown of endogenous Neph1 in embryonic day 10 ciliary ganglion neurons causes an increase in steady-state surface expression of Slo1 and an increase in whole cell Ca2+-dependent K+ current. Surprisingly, a comparable Neph1 knockdown in podocytes causes a decrease in surface expression of Slo1 and a decrease in whole cell BKCa currents. In podocytes, Neph1 siRNA also caused a decrease in nephrin, even though the Neph1 siRNA had no sequence homology with nephrin. However, we could not detect nephrin in ciliary ganglion neurons.

 
 
 
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