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Articles by E von Mutius
Total Records ( 2 ) for E von Mutius
  K Ganguly , M Depner , C Fattman , K Bein , T. D Oury , S. C Wesselkamper , M. T Borchers , M Schreiber , F Gao , E von Mutius , M Kabesch , G. D Leikauf and H. Schulz

Polymorphisms in Superoxide dismutase 3, extracellular (SOD3) have been associated with reduced lung function and susceptibility to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in adults. Previously, we identified SOD3 as a contributing factor to altered ventilation efficiency (dead space volume/total lung capacity) in mice. Because SOD3 protects the extracellular matrix of the lung, we hypothesized that SOD3 variants also may influence postnatal lung function development. In this study, SOD3 transcript and protein localization were examined in mouse strains with differing ventilation efficiency [C3H/HeJ (high), JF1/Msf (low)] during postnatal lung development. Compared with C3H/HeJ mice, JF1/Msf mice had Sod3 promoter single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) that could affect transcription factor binding sites and a decline in total lung SOD3 mRNA during postnatal development. In adult JF1/Msf mice, total lung SOD3 activity as well as SOD3 transcript and protein in airway epithelial and alveolar type II cells and the associated matrix decreased. In children (n = 1,555; age 9–11 yr), two common SOD3 SNPs, one located in the promoter region [C/T affecting a predicted aryl hydrocarbon receptor-xenobiotic response element (AhR-XRE) binding motif] and the other in exon 2 (Thr/Ala missense mutation), were associated with decreased forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1), and the promoter SNP was associated with decreased maximal expiratory flow at 25% volume (MEF25). In vitro, a SOD3 promoter region-derived oligonucleotide containing the C variant was more effective in competing with the nuclear protein-binding capacity of a labeled probe than that containing the T variant. Along with the previous associated risk of lung function decline in COPD, these findings support a possible role of SOD3 variants in determining lung function in children.

  M. L Conrad , R Ferstl , R Teich , S Brand , N Blumer , A. O Yildirim , C. C Patrascan , A Hanuszkiewicz , S Akira , H Wagner , O Holst , E von Mutius , P. I Pfefferle , C. J Kirschning , H Garn and H. Renz

The pre- and postnatal environment may represent a window of opportunity for allergy and asthma prevention, and the hygiene hypothesis implies that microbial agents may play an important role in this regard. Using the cowshed-derived bacterium Acinetobacter lwoffii F78 together with a mouse model of experimental allergic airway inflammation, this study investigated the hygiene hypothesis, maternal (prenatal) microbial exposure, and the involvement of Toll-like receptor (TLR) signaling in prenatal protection from asthma. Maternal intranasal exposure to A. lwoffii F78 protected against the development of experimental asthma in the progeny. Maternally, A. lwoffii F78 exposure resulted in a transient increase in lung and serum proinflammatory cytokine production and up-regulation of lung TLR messenger RNA. Conversely, suppression of TLRs was observed in placental tissue. To investigate further, the functional relevance of maternal TLR signaling was tested in TLR2/3/4/7/9–/– knockout mice. The asthma-preventive effect was completely abolished in heterozygous offspring from A. lwoffii F78–treated TLR2/3/4/7/9–/– homozygous mother mice. Furthermore, the mild local and systemic inflammatory response was also absent in these A. lwoffii F78–exposed mothers. These data establish a direct relationship between maternal bacterial exposures, functional maternal TLR signaling, and asthma protection in the progeny.

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