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Articles by E Yao
Total Records ( 2 ) for E Yao
  E Yao , W Zhou , S. T Lee Hoeflich , T Truong , P. M Haverty , J Eastham Anderson , N Lewin Koh , B Gunter , M Belvin , L. J Murray , L. S Friedman , M. X Sliwkowski and K. P. Hoeflich

Purpose: Oncogenic activation of the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) signaling pathway is prevalent in breast cancer and has been associated with resistance to HER2 inhibitors in the clinic. We therefore investigated the combinatorial activity of GDC-0941, a novel class I PI3K inhibitor, with standard-of-care therapies for HER2-amplified breast cancer.

Experimental Design: Three-dimensional laminin-rich extracellular matrix cultures of human breast cancer cells were utilized to provide a physiologically relevant approach to analyze the efficacy and molecular mechanism of combination therapies ex vivo. Combination studies were done using GDC-0941 with trastuzumab (Herceptin), pertuzumab, lapatinib (Tykerb), and docetaxel, the principal therapeutic agents that are either approved or being evaluated for treatment of early HER2-positive breast cancer.

Results: Significant GDC-0941 activity (EC50 <1 µmol/L) was observed for >70% of breast cancer cell lines that were examined in three-dimensional laminin-rich extracellular matrix culture. Differential responsiveness to GDC-0941 as a single agent was observed for luminal breast cancer cells upon stimulation with the HER3 ligand, heregulin. Combined treatment of GDC-0941, trastuzumab, and pertuzumab resulted in growth inhibition, altered acinar morphology, and suppression of AKT mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) / extracellular signed-regulated kinase (ERK) kinase and MEK effector signaling pathways for HER2-amplified cells in both normal and heregulin-supplemented media. The GDC-0941 and lapatinib combination further showed that inhibition of HER2 activity was essential for maximum combinatorial efficacy. PI3K inhibition also rendered HER2-amplified BT-474M1 cells and tumor xenografts more sensitive to docetaxel.

Conclusions: GDC-0941 is efficacious in preclinical models of breast cancer. The addition of GDC-0941 to HER2-directed treatment could augment clinical benefit in breast cancer patients.

  P Mu , Y. C Han , D Betel , E Yao , M Squatrito , P Ogrodowski , E de Stanchina , A D'Andrea , C Sander and A. Ventura

The miR-17~92 cluster is frequently amplified or overexpressed in human cancers and has emerged as the prototypical oncogenic polycistron microRNA (miRNA). miR-17~92 is a direct transcriptional target of c-Myc, and experiments in a mouse model of B-cell lymphomas have shown cooperation between these two oncogenes. However, both the molecular mechanism underlying this cooperation and the individual miRNAs that are responsible for it are unknown. By using a conditional knockout allele of miR-17~92, we show here that sustained expression of endogenous miR-17~92 is required to suppress apoptosis in Myc-driven B-cell lymphomas. Furthermore, we show that among the six miRNAs that are encoded by miR-17~92, miR-19a and miR-19b are absolutely required and largely sufficient to recapitulate the oncogenic properties of the entire cluster. Finally, by combining computational target prediction, gene expression profiling, and an in vitro screening strategy, we identify a subset of miR-19 targets that mediate its prosurvival activity.

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