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Articles by E Shumilina
Total Records ( 2 ) for E Shumilina
  I. M Zemtsova , N Heise , H Frohlich , S. M Qadri , Y Kucherenko , K. M Boini , D Pearce , E Shumilina and F. Lang

Previous studies have shown that pharmacological inhibition of the phosphoinositol-3 (PI3) kinase disrupts the activation of mast cells. Through phosphoinositide-dependent kinase PDK1, PI3 kinase activates the serum- and glucocorticoid-inducible kinase 3 (SGK3). The present study explored the role of SGK3 in mast cell function. Mast cells were isolated and cultured from bone marrow (BMMCs) of gene-targeted mice lacking SGK3 (sgk3–/–) and their wild-type littermates (sgk3+/+). BMMC numbers in the ear conch were similar in both genotypes. Stimulation with IgE and cognate antigen triggered the release of intracellular Ca2+ and entry of extracellular Ca2+. Influx of extracellular Ca2+ but not Ca2+ release from intracellular stores was significantly blunted in sgk3–/– BMMCs compared with sgk3+/+ BMMCs. Antigen stimulation further led to a rapid increase of a K+-selective conductance in sgk3+/+ BMMCs, an effect again blunted in sgk3–/– BMMCs. In contrast, the Ca2+ ionophore ionomycin activated K+ currents to a similar extent in sgk3–/– and in sgk3+/+ BMMCs. β-Hexosaminidase release, triggered by antigen stimulation, was also significantly decreased in sgk3–/– BMMCs. IgE-dependent anaphylaxis measured as a sharp decrease in body temperature upon injection of DNP-HSA antigen was again significantly blunted in sgk3–/– compared with sgk3+/+ mice. Serum histamine levels measured 30 min after induction of an anaphylactic reaction were significantly lower in sgk3–/– than in sgk3+/+ mice. In conclusion, both in vitro and in vivo function of BMMCs are impaired in gene targeted mice lacking SGK3. Thus SGK3 is critical for proper mast cell function.

  L Tyan , M Sopjani , M Dermaku Sopjani , E Schmid , W Yang , N. T Xuan , E Shumilina and F. Lang

Rapamycin, an inhibitor of the serine/threonine kinase mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), is a widely used immunosuppressive drug. Rapamycin affects the function of dendritic cells (DCs), antigen-presenting cells participating in the initiation of primary immune responses and the establishment of immunological memory. Voltage-gated K+ (Kv) channels are expressed in and impact on the function of DCs. The present study explored whether rapamycin influences Kv channels in DCs. To this end, DCs were isolated from murine bone marrow and ion channel activity was determined by whole cell patch clamp. To more directly analyze an effect of mTOR on Kv channel activity, Kv1.3 and Kv1.5 were expressed in Xenopus oocytes with or without the additional expression of mTOR and voltage-gated currents were determined by dual-electrode voltage clamp. As a result, preincubation with rapamycin (0–50 nM) led to a gradual decline of Kv currents in DCs, reaching statistical significance within 6 h and 50 nM of rapamycin. Rapamycin accelerated Kv channel inactivation. Coexpression of mTOR upregulated Kv1.3 and Kv1.5 currents in Xenopus oocytes. Furthermore, mTOR accelerated Kv1.3 channel activation and slowed down Kv1.3 channel inactivation. In conclusion, mTOR stimulates Kv channels, an effect contributing to the immunomodulating properties of rapamycin in DCs.

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