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Articles by Dong-Sheng Wang
Total Records ( 2 ) for Dong-Sheng Wang
  Yao-Hong ZHANG , Jian-Bo FAN , Ya-Li ZHANG , Dong-Sheng WANG , Qi-Wei HUANG and Qi-Rong SHEN
  Developing high-yielding rice (Oryza sativa L.) cultivars depends on having a better understanding of nitrogen (N) accumulation and translocation to the ear during the reproductive stage. Field experiments were carried out to evaluate the genetic variation for N accumulation and translocation in different Japonica rice cultivars at different N rates and to identify any relationship to grain yield in southeast China. Four Japonica cultivars with similar agronomic characteristics were grown at two experimental sites in 2004 with three N rates of 0, 60, and 180 kg N ha−1. Dry weights and N contents of rice plants were measured at tillering, initiation, anthesis, and maturity. Grain yields exhibited significant differences (P < 0.05) among the cultivars and N application rates. Increasing N rates improved N uptake at anthesis and maturity in all four cultivars (P < 0.05). N translocation from vegetative organs to the grains increased with enhanced N rates (P < 0.05). N translocation to the grains ranged from 9 to 64 kg N ha−1 and N-translocation effciency from 33% to 68%. Grain yield was linear to N uptake at anthesis (r2 = 0.78**) and N translocation (r2 = 0.67**). Thus, cultivars with a high N uptake at anthesis, low residual N in the straw at maturity, and appropriate low N fertilizer supply in southeast China should effciently increase N-recovery rate while maintaining grain yield and soil fertility.
  Jian-Bo Fan , Ya-Li Zhang , D. Turner , Yin-Hua Duan , Dong-Sheng Wang and Qi-Rong Shen
  The variation in nitrogen (N) uptake by rice has been widely studied but differences in rice root morphology that may contribute to this variation are not completely understood. Field and greenhouse experiments were carried out to study N accumulation, root dry weights, total root lengths, root surface areas, and root bleeding rates of two rice cultivars, Elio with low N-use efficiency and Nanguang with high N-use efficiency. Low (1 mmol N L−1) and high (5 mmol N L−1)N applications were established in the greenhouse experiment, and the N rates were 0, 120, and 240 kg ha−1 in the field experiments at Jiangning and Jiangpu farms, Nanjing, China. The results showed that the N accumulation, root dry weight, total root length, and root surface area increased with an increase in N application. At the heading stage, N accumulation in the shoots and roots of Nanguang was greater than that of Elio in the field experiments and that of Elio at 5 mmol N L−1 in the greenhouse experiment. After the heading stage, N accumulation was higher for Nanguang at both 1 and 5 mmol N L−1 in the greenhouse experiment. The total root length and root surface area were significantly different between the two cultivars. Over the range of the fertilizer application rates, the root lengths of Nanguang at Jiangning Farm were 49%–61% greater at booting and 26%–39% greater at heading than those of Elio, and at Jiangpu Farm they were 22%–42% and 26%–38% greater, respectively. Nanguang had a greater root bleeding rate than Elio. It was concluded that the N-use efficiency of the two rice cultivars studied depended to a great extent on the root morphological parameters and root physiological characteristics at different growth stages.
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