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Articles by Dong- Woo Lee
Total Records ( 4 ) for Dong- Woo Lee
  Yan Zhang , Elise R. Lyver , Eiko Nakamaru-Ogiso , Heeyong Yoon , Boominathan Amutha , Dong- Woo Lee , Erfei Bi , Tomoko Ohnishi , Fevzi Daldal , Debkumar Pain and Andrew Dancis
  In a forward genetic screen for interaction with mitochondrial iron carrier proteins in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, a hypomorphic mutation of the essential DRE2 gene was found to confer lethality when combined with Δmrs3 and Δmrs4. The dre2 mutant or Dre2-depleted cells were deficient in cytosolic Fe/S cluster protein activities while maintaining mitochondrial Fe/S clusters. The Dre2 amino acid sequence was evolutionarily conserved, and cysteine motifs (CX2CXC and twin CX2C) in human and yeast proteins were perfectly aligned. The human Dre2 homolog (implicated in blocking apoptosis and called CIAPIN1 or anamorsin) was able to complement the nonviability of a Δdre2 deletion strain. The Dre2 protein with triple hemagglutinin tag was located in the cytoplasm and in the mitochondrial intermembrane space. Yeast Dre2 overexpressed and purified from bacteria was brown and exhibited signature absorption and electron paramagnetic resonance spectra, indicating the presence of both [2Fe-2S] and [4Fe-4S] clusters. Thus, Dre2 is an essential conserved Fe/S cluster protein implicated in extramitochondrial Fe/S cluster assembly, similar to other components of the so-called CIA (cytoplasmic Fe/S cluster assembly) pathway although partially localized to the mitochondrial intermembrane space.
  Yavuz Ozturk , Dong- Woo Lee , Sevnur Mandaci , Artur Osyczka , Roger C. Prince and Fevzi Daldal
  Photosynthetic (Ps) electron transport pathways often contain multiple electron carriers with overlapping functions. Here we focus on two c-type cytochromes (cyt) in facultative phototrophic bacteria of the Rhodobacter genus: the diffusible cyt c2 and the membrane-anchored cyt cy. In species like R. capsulatus, cyt cy functions in both Ps and respiratory electron transport chains, whereas in other species like R. sphaeroides, it does so only in respiration. The molecular bases of this difference was investigated by producing a soluble variant of cyt cy (S-cy), by fusing genetically the cyt c2 signal sequence to the cyt c domain of cyt cy. This novel electron carrier was unable to support the Ps growth of R. capsulatus. However, strains harboring cyt S-cy regained Ps growth ability by acquiring mutations in its cyt c domain. They produced cyt S-cy variants at amounts comparable with that of cyt c2, and conferred Ps growth. Chemical titration indicated that the redox midpoint potential of cyt S-cy was about 340 mV, similar to that of cyts c2 or cy. Remarkably, electron transfer kinetics from the cyt bc1 complex to the photochemical reaction center (RC) mediated by cyt S-cy was distinct from those seen with the cyt c2 or cyt cy. The kinetics exhibited a pronounced slow phase, suggesting that cyt S-cy interacted with the RC less tightly than cyt c2. Comparison of structural models of cyts c2 and S-cy revealed that several of the amino acid residues implicated in long-range electrostatic interactions promoting binding of cyt c2 to the RC are not conserved in cyt cy, whereas those supporting short-range hydrophobic interactions are conserved. These findings indicated that attaching electron carrier cytochromes to the membrane allowed them to weaken their interactions with their partners so that they could accommodate more rapid multiple turnovers.
  Dong- Woo Lee , Yavuz Ozturk , Artur Osyczka , Jason W. Cooley and Fevzi Daldal
  Photosynthetic (Ps) growth of purple non-sulfur bacteria such as Rhodobacter capsulatus depends on the cyclic electron transfer (ET) between the ubihydroquinone (QH2): cytochrome (cyt) c oxidoreductases (cyt bc1 complex), and the photochemical reaction centers (RC), mediated by either a membrane-bound (cyt cy) or a freely diffusible (cyt c2) electron carrier. Previously, we constructed a functional cyt bc1-cy fusion complex that supported Ps growth solely relying on membrane-confined ET ( Lee, D.-W., Ozturk, Y., Mamedova, A., Osyczka, A., Cooley, J. W., and Daldal, F. (2006) Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1757, 346-352 [Medline] [Order article via Infotrieve] ). In this work, we further characterized this cyt bc1-cy fusion complex, and used its derivatives with shorter cyt cy linkers as "molecular rulers" to probe the distances separating the Ps components. Comparison of the physicochemical properties of both membrane-embedded and purified cyt bc1-cy fusion complexes established that these enzymes were matured and assembled properly. Light-activated, time-resolved kinetic spectroscopy analyses revealed that their variants with shorter cyt cy linkers exhibited fast, native-like ET rates to the RC via the cyt bc1. However, shortening the length of the cyt cy linker decreased drastically this electronic coupling between the cyt bc1-cy fusion complexes and the RC, thereby limiting Ps growth. The shortest and still functional cyt cy linker was about 45 amino acids long, showing that the minimal distance allowed between the cyt bc1-cy fusion complexes and the RC and their surrounding light harvesting proteins was very short. These findings support the notion that membrane-bound Ps components form large, active structural complexes that are "hardwired" for cyclic ET.
  Carsten Sanders , Serdar Turkarslan , Dong- Woo Lee , Ozlem Onder , Ozlem Onder , Robert G. Kranz and Fevzi Daldal
  Cytochrome c maturation (Ccm) is a post-translational and post-export protein modification process that involves ten (CcmABCDEFGHI and CcdA or DsbD) components in most Gram-negative bacteria. The absence of any of these components abolishes the ability of cells to form cytochrome c, leading in the case of Rhodobacter capsulatus to the loss of photosynthetic proficiency and respiratory cytochrome oxidase activity. Based on earlier molecular genetic studies, we inferred that R. capsulatus CcmF, CcmH, and CcmI interact with each other to perform heme-apocytochrome c ligation. Here, using functional epitope-tagged derivatives of these components coproduced in appropriate mutant strains, we determined protein-protein interactions between them in detergent-dispersed membranes. Reciprocal affinity purification as well as tandem size exclusion and affinity chromatography analyses provided the first biochemical evidence that CcmF, CcmH, and CcmI associate stably with each other, indicating that these Ccm components form a membrane-integral complex. Under the conditions used, the CcmFHI complex does not contain CcmG, suggesting that the latter thio-reduction component is not always associated with the heme ligation components. The findings are discussed with respect to defining the obligatory components of a minimalistic heme-apocytochrome c ligation complex in R. capsulatus.
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