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Articles by Dini Lestrina
Total Records ( 2 ) for Dini Lestrina
  Siahaan , Ginta , Dini Lestrina and Effendi Nainggolan
  Background and Objective: A vegetarian (vegan, lacto, ovo and lacto ovo) diet characterized by low intake of simple carbohydrates, cholesterol and fat and high intake of fiber can reduce the prevalence of degenerative diseases, particularly those related to metabolic syndrome. Metabolic syndrome is defined as fasting glucose>110 mg dL–1, triglyceride>150 mg dL–1, cholesterol<200 mg dL–1, BMI>25 and waist>90 cm for men and >80 cm for women. This study aimed to determine if metabolic syndrome is related to macronutrient intake in a Medan vegetarian community using an observation method with a cross-sectional design. Methodology: The population studied included all members of the vegetarian Maha Vihara Maitreya Medan community whose ages ranged between 30 and 58 years. Data was analyzed using pearson’s correlation. Results: The result showed that macro nutrient intake can reduce the rate of metabolic syndrome (p<0.05). Conclusion: The vegetarian life style can be implemented to avoid the risk of disease related to diabetes mellitus, arteriosclerosis, coronary heart disease and hypertension.
  Ginta Siahaan , Dini Lestrina and Efendi Nainggolan
  Background and Objective: Malnourished pregnant women often have low energy and anemia and are at increased risk for spontaneous abortion or stillbirth. Moreover, offspring of malnourished women are more likely to have low birth weight and stunting due to nutritional insufficiency. Supplemental feeding can reduce the risk of maternal malnutrition. The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of a supplemental feeding regimen for pregnant women in Indonesia. Materials and Methods: A total of 43 pregnant women between 20 and 35 years-old treated at the Mandala Community Health Centre of Medan, North Sumatra, Indonesia, were enrolled in this cohort study. Patient characteristics were assessed, including gestational age and parity. Study subjects were given a supplemental feeding regimen that included cookies made with high protein tempe flour and juice made from papaya and passion fruit. Differences in anthropomorphic measurements, including body weight and upper arm circumference, as well as hemoglobin and albumin blood levels, were measured pre and post-treatment and the differences were analyzed for statistical significance. Results: A statistically significant increase in body weight and upper arm circumference was seen at the end of the supplemental feeding period. Hemoglobin levels were also significantly increased after supplemental feeding, whereas pre and post-treatment albumin levels were similar. Conclusion: Supplemental feeding with high protein cookies and vitamin C-rich juice can enhance the nutritional status of pregnant women, as evidenced by increased weight gain and hemoglobin levels. This improved nutritional status can help increase the rate of favorable pregnancy outcomes.
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