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Articles by Debela Hunde Feyssa
Total Records ( 3 ) for Debela Hunde Feyssa
  Debela Hunde Feyssa , Jesse T. Njoka , Zemede Asfaw and M.M. Nyangito
  Physico-chemical study of soil was done to quantify and make comparative analysis of the major soil fertility status of semiarid part of east Shewa. Six study sites (3 from each district) and thirty composite soil samples five plots from each site were analysed to determine the major soil physical and chemical parameters and asses the variation of soil properties across locations. Analysis of variance was performed for soil parameters between locations using the general linear model procedure of the Statistical Analysis System. A post hoc separation of means was done by least significant difference test after main effects were found significant at p<0.05. The result indicated that transhumant land use system was more environmental friendly than the settled farmers land use. This was confirmed by the little soil bulk density and high soil organic carbon in transhumants land use system than settled farmers. Silt fraction varied significantly across locations (p = 0.01 across locations. The textural class for all locations was silty clay loam except at Galcha which was silty clay. The mean values of bulk density of soils of the study area were less than 1.3 g cm-3 ranged from 0.77 g cm-3 at DigaluTiyo to 1.01 g cm-3 at TiriBiretti. It is an indication of good level of organic matter in the soil. Hence, the area can be used for crop cultivation and forage production provided there is sufficient water in the area.
  Debela Hunde Feyssa , J.T. Njoka , Z. Asfaw and M.M. Nyangito
  Drylands have a multitude of livelihood problems where food insecurity is one of the serious impediments. Both transhumance and settled farmers make their living in the semiarid parts of east Shewa, Ethiopia. They adapt partly to food shortage by using natural resources. The study objective was to determine nutritional value of fruit of Berchemia discolor and analyse the use and management practices and associated indigenous knowledge. Data were collected from three study sites each in Fantalle and Boosat districts in East Shewa Zone. Before the laboratory analysis of fruit, the species was identified through focus group discussions and field observations. Mineral elements and phosphorus were determined in dry matter basis. Vitamin A and C were determined by spectrophotometer and redox titration respectively. Analysis of variance was done and means were separated by LSD at 0.05. Berchemia discolor is a candidate for dry land agroforestry and agrobiodiversity. Ten major uses of B. discolor (food, medicine, fuel wood and others) and food value were the highest. Total carbohydrates, crude protein, crude lipid, moisture and total ash contents of the fruit pulps ranged from 4.17-4.35%. The calculated energy from total carbohydrates was 314.50 kcal/100 g. Transhumance conserves Wild Edible Plants (WEPs) in pasture land and protect of vegetation, while settled farmers in traditional dryland agroforestry, in live fence and farm boarders. Berchemia discolor is one of the potential resources to enhance people’s livelihoods. Technologies for improved use and market chain need policy attention.
  Debela Hunde Feyssa , Jesse T. Njoka , Zemede Asfaw and M.M. Nyangito
  Nutrient value assessments and ethnobotanical studies of three wild edible fruit species [Ziziphus spina-christi (L.) Desf., Balanites aegyptiaca (L.) Del., Grewia flavescens A. Juss.], were carried out from October 2009 through June 2010 in east Shewa Zone, Ethiopia. Field data collection was combined with laboratory food content analyses with the aim of identifying promising wild edible fruit plants. Also, optimal use of preferred wild edibles particularly in addressing future food security issues of rural people in the drylands was assessed. Composite fruit samples randomly collected in six sites of Fantalle and Boosast districts were subjected to standard laboratory chemical analyses. Values for total carbohydrates, crude protein, crude lipid, moisture and total ash contents of the fruit pulps ranged from 76.67-86.12%, 1.45-4.20%, 3.58-4.02%, 35.18-57.41%, 8.11-16.40% for Z. spina-christi, 85.55-89.61%, 0.001-003, 49.03-68.26%, 10.18-12.88% for B. aegyptiaca; 83.74-93.68%, 0.64-3.14%, 18.90-61.35%, 3.16-7.25% for G. flavescens, respectively. The calculated energy (based on total carbohydrates) was highest for G. flavescens (373.6 Kcal/100 g), followed by B. aegyptiaca (354.24) and Z. spina-christi (344.48 Kcal/100 g). The results indicated that these fruit species, which are popularly used by the local communities, contain appreciable amounts of nutrients and energy and thus are useful food supplements. These species should be integrated into dryland agroforestry systems for sustainable use and conservation, as well as, preservation of the associated knowledge through the positive practice of the indigenous bio-cultural knowledge. In this case, lessons can be drawn from some farmers of Boosat District, who are currently using two of the species in traditional agroforestry practices.
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