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Articles by D. Tatsis
Total Records ( 9 ) for D. Tatsis
  C. Stavrianos , D. Tatsis , P. Stavrianou , A. Karamouzi , G. Mihail and D. Mihailidou
  Now-a-days in the civilized societies, one of the most reprehensible and criminal actions is considered to be child abuse either it appears as physical or psychological violence. The clinician is the 1st to verify signs and symptoms that can lead in the diagnosis of an abused child. This happens because the most common form of abuse is bite mark which derives from physical, sexual abuse or even neglect. For this reason, the role of dentist is important to ascertain such a background through clinical examination. The aim of this study to highlight the clinical evidence that a dentist should take under consideration. The intercanine distance is a clinical factor that contributes in the early assessment of the proper identification of the assaulter since, the distance differs from one person to another and mostly from children to adults. Thus, the age of the perpetrator will be defined and the self-inflicted traumas will be excluded. In conclusion, a possible judicial process will be facilitated from the dentist’s deposition always with the pre-requisite of a full scientific acknowledge
  L. Vasiliadis , C. Stavrianos , P. Dagkalis , Ks. Parisi , I. Stavrianou and D. Tatsis
  Different methods have been proposed in the course of time of age estimation via human biological characteristics. One of them is the measurement of dentine translucency. The amount of transparent dentine that is deposited through time is strongly related with the age of the person. Some controversy on the accuracy of the method has been stated, thus it is evident by numerous studies that the sclerotic dentin that is formed during aging due to altering rates of mineralization has successfully lead in age estimation of experimental subjects. Finally, the results of the past studies are coherent with the current literature, proving that age estimation via root dentine translucency is possible in clinical basis.
  C. Stavrianos , L. Zouloumis , E. Samara , D. Tatsis and A. Eliades
  When a child presents for examination particularly if there is any evidence of severe or repeated trauma involved, the history may alert the dentist to the possibility of a child abuse. Abuse may cause serious injury to the child and may even result in death. These behaviors are serious crimes, both as misdemeanors and felonies, punishable by arrest and imprisonment. Dentists should be aware that physical or sexual abuse may result in oral or dental injuries or conditions that sometimes can be confirmed by laboratory findings. When questions arise or when consultation is needed, a pediatric dentist or a dentist with formal training in forensic odontology can ensure appropriate testing, diagnosis and treatment. This case report aims to present a case of a physically abused child 12 years old. The examination revealed fracture of the left ocular area and as a result the adipose tissue all around the eyeball fall like a drop into the sinus. The CT scan of the facial skull was done so as to detect the consequences of the fracture. In conclusion, the ability to properly identify suspicious injuries to the head, face, mouth and neck of a child is imperative for dentists. Dentists are encouraged to be knowledgeable about such findings and their significance and to meticulously observe and document them.
  C. Stavrianos , L. Vasiliadis , C. Papadopoulos , A. Kokkas , D. Tatsis and E. Samara
  The term of bite marks is defined as the trauma caused on the skin from the contact of the teeth with or without the contribution of the soft oral tissues (lips, tongue) and which depicts the form of particular oral structures. The use of bite mark evidence in criminal or abuse cases has been widely accepted by law enforcement agencies and courts for many years. Several historical data reveals the significance of the proper recognition and identification of bite marks since the 17th century. With the evolution of Forensic Odontology, a plethora of new tools and equipment can be used to positively identify an assailant through a bite mark on the victim’s tissues. The current case report aims to present a victim’s ear loss due to a human bite during a fight and with this occasion to refer to the up-to-date standard elements of human bite marks regarding the concurrent categorization, the frequencies of incidences according to anatomical area, sex and type of crime.
  C. Stavrianos , K. Louloudiadis , C. Papadopoulos , N. Konosidou , E. Samara and D. Tatsis
  Domestic violence and child abuse has become one of the latest social concerns and this trend can be clearly seen in the increasing number of reported cases. The aim of this case report is to present a case of physically abused child 11 years old. The 11 years old child had facial and oral traumas, in particular bruises and abrasions in the frontal area, the upper lip and the periorbital area about 65% of child abuse injuries involve head, neck or mouth areas. So, dental personnel may be in a good position to note abuse. As dentists, researchers are likely to be in contact with children who have been exposed to family violence the head and face are often easy targets of the abuse. The dental team that is alert to the fact that many children are been abused and that many of these abused children have injuries to the head and around the mouth may be able to identify an abused child and institute steps that might save the child’s life.
  C. Stavrianos , L. Vasiliadis , C. Papadopoulos , A. Pantazis , N. Petalotis , D. Tatsis and E. Samara
  The trauma caused on the skin from the contact of the teeth with or without the contribution of the soft oral tissues (lips, tongue) is defined as a bite mark. They can be caused either by humans or by animals and are usually found in two kinds of cases: crimes and homicides with and without sexual activity and child abuse. Bite marks can be found on both victims and assaulters. In mortal combat situations such as the violence associated with life and death struggles between assailants and victims, the teeth are often used as a weapon. Indeed using the teeth to inflict serious injury on an attacker may be the only available defensive method for a victim. The frequency of occurrence of bite injuries at specific locations varies with the type of crime and sex and age of the victim. This case report aims to present a victim who was involved in a fight and the facial bite mark on the right part of the face was the only evidence for that. The concurrent methodology on collecting data from the mark and the possible suspect as well as the comparison techniques is also reported.
  C. Stavrianos , C. Papadopoulos , O. Pantelidou , J. Emmanouil , N. Petalotis and D. Tatsis
  In forensic practice, there is a frequent demand for comparison of facial images of perpetrators and suspects. Photoanthropometry is the science of measurements from precisely defined marker points of the face and is commonly used to provide opinion evidence of identity from examination of facial pictures. In facial mapping, it is based on quantitative analysis on measurements of the distances and angles between anatomical facial landmarks and the generation of indices based on them.
  C. Stavrianos , I. Ioannidou-Marathiotou , O. Pantelidou , N. Petalotis , E. Samara and D. Tatsis
  In this in vitro survey an examination of credibility of general and specific morphological characteristics of human palatal rugae was undertaken in order to be used at the process of identification or disassociation in Forensic Odontology. About 50 orthodontics’ cases were examined. The casts were collected before and after the orthodontic treatment which lasted from 18 months to 4 years. Then, the 50 after treatment casts were mixed among 100 other randomly selected casts. All the surfaces of the casts except for the one representing the palatal rugae were trimmed by an orthodontic trimmer. The 50 before treatment casts were given to 5 researchers and the last ones were asked to compare them with the 150 casts for possible similarities. The collection of data occurred by the form of percentage proportions of correct recognition and requisite time for compare and recognition. The 4 researchers identified the casts correctly at a percentage of 100% and the one combined correctly the 47 casts (94%), (non-statistic significant difference, t-test). It appears that the form of the palatal rugae is a rather distinctive attribute in order to be recognized between individual persons. It is concluded from this study that the general shape, size and other significant data are identified as unique and personalized forensic evidence of identification.
  C. Stavrianos , P. Stavrianou , L. Vasiliadis , A. Karamouzi , D. Tatsis and E. Samara
  Orofacial trauma is the most common trauma that occurs in the cases of abuse of young infants and children. The purpose of this report is to review the oral and dental aspects of physical abuse and the role of physicians and dentists in evaluating such conditions. This study addresses the evaluation of craniofacial injuries as well as perioral and intraoral injuries, infections and diseases that may be suspicious for child abuse or neglect. Physicians receive minimal training in oral health and dental injury and disease and thus, may not detect dental aspects of abuse or neglect as readily as they do child abuse and neglect involving other areas of the body. Therefore, physicians and dentists are encouraged to collaborate to increase the prevention, detection and treatment of these conditions. The current case report involves a young child with orofacial trauma. The historical trends of child abuse are outlined in order to prove the diachronic pattern of this phenomenon.
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