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Articles by D. R. Matthews
Total Records ( 4 ) for D. R. Matthews
  P. Katulanda , C. J. Groves , A. Barrett , R. Sheriff , D. R. Matthews , M. I. McCarthy and A. L. Gloyn
  Aims  The maternally inherited mt3243A > G mutation is associated with a variable clinical phenotype including diabetes and deafness (MIDD). We aimed to determine the prevalence and clinical characteristics of MIDD in a large South Asian cohort of young adult-onset diabetic patients from Sri Lanka.

Methods  DNA was available from 994 subjects (age of diagnosis 16-40 years, age at recruitment ≤ 45 years). Mutation screening was performed using a QRT-PCR method on an ABI 7900HT system using sequence-specific probes. Samples with heteroplasmy ≥ 5.0% were considered positive.

Results  Nine (four males) mutation-positive subjects were identified (prevalence 0.9%). They were diagnosed at a younger age (25.9 ± 4.8 years vs. 31.9 ± 5.6 years, P = 0.002) and were lean (body mass index [BMI] 18.7 ± 2.7 kg/m2 vs. 24.7 ± 4.0 kg/m2, P < 0.001) compared to NMCs. One mutation-positive subject (11.1%) had metabolic syndrome, compared to 633 (64.3%) of NMCs. Insulin therapy within 6 months of diagnosis was used in four (44.0%) carriers compared to 6.9% of NMCs (P = 0.002). Combined screening criteria of any two of maternal history of diabetes, personal history of hearing impairment and family history of hearing impairment only identified five (55%) of the carriers, with a positive predictive value of 7.4%.

Conclusions  The prevalence of mt3243A > G mutation among young adult-onset diabetic subjects from Sri Lanka was 0.9%. Our study demonstrates that a maternal family history of diabetes and either a personal and/or family history of deafness only distinguish half of patients with MIDD from Sri Lankan subjects with young-onset diabetes.

  N. R. Hill , B . Thompson , J. Bruce , D. R. Matthews and P. Hindmarsh
  Aim  To ascertain if those with diabetes (and their carers) ascribe a similar level of risk to blood glucose control as healthcare professionals.

Methods  We used a structured questionnaire to ask fifty healthcare professionals how ‘dangerous’ a given blood glucose value was. Their answers were modelled to produce an algorithm of assessed risk. To examine if patients (and their carers) would apportion a similar level of risk to that of healthcare professionals, the same questionnaire was issued to fifty children and adolescents with Type 1 diabetes. For patients under 8 years old the carers completed the questionnaires (n = 23). Both patient and carers together completed the questionnaire for those aged 8-11 years (n = 15) and patients over the age of 11 years completed the questionnaire themselves (n = 12). The median results and interquartile range of the assessed level of risk, as determined by the two groups, were compared using a generalized linear model.

Results  A significant difference (P < 0.0001) was identified between the median risk assessments of the two groups. The zero level of assessed risk was upward shifted in the patient group by 0.8 mmol/l and indicated the patients' view of risk increased.

Conclusions  Patients with Type 1 diabetes (and their carers) evaluate the risk from blood glucose values differently from healthcare professionals. The euglycaemic state (zero ascribed risk) that patients chose was 0.8 mmol/l greater than that of healthcare professionals, indicating, perhaps, hypoglycaemia avoidance, a more pragmatic approach or less exposure to current trends in glycaemic control.

  P. A. Dyson , S. Beatty and D. R. Matthews
  Not available
  D. R. Matthews and P. C. Matthews
  Not available
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