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Articles by D. O Traktuev
Total Records ( 2 ) for D. O Traktuev
  Y Zhang , A Daquinag , D. O Traktuev , F Amaya Manzanares , P. J Simmons , K. L March , R Pasqualini , W Arap and M. G. Kolonin
 

The connection between obesity and accelerated cancer progression has been established, but the mediating mechanisms are not well understood. We have shown that stromal cells from white adipose tissue (WAT) cooperate with the endothelium to promote blood vessel formation through the secretion of soluble trophic factors. Here, we hypothesize that WAT directly mediates cancer progression by serving as a source of cells that migrate to tumors and promote neovascularization. To test this hypothesis, we have evaluated the recruitment of WAT-derived cells by tumors and the effect of their engraftment on tumor growth by integrating a transgenic mouse strain engineered for expansion of traceable cells with established allograft and xenograft cancer models. Our studies show that entry of adipose stromal and endothelial cells into systemic circulation leads to their homing to and engraftment into tumor stroma and vasculature, respectively. We show that recruitment of adipose stromal cells by tumors is sufficient to promote tumor growth. Finally, we show that migration of stromal and vascular progenitor cells from WAT grafts to tumors is also associated with acceleration of cancer progression. These results provide a biological insight for the clinical association between obesity and cancer, thus outlining potential avenues for preventive and therapeutic strategies. [Cancer Res 2009;69(12):5259–66]

  D. O Traktuev , D. N Prater , S Merfeld Clauss , A. R Sanjeevaiah , M. R Saadatzadeh , M Murphy , B. H Johnstone , D. A Ingram and K. L. March
 

Rapid induction and maintenance of blood flow through new vascular networks is essential for successfully treating ischemic tissues and maintaining function of engineered neo-organs. We have previously shown that human endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) form functioning vessels in mice, but these are limited in number and persistence; and also that human adipose stromal cells (ASCs) are multipotent cells with pericytic properties which can stabilize vascular assembly in vitro. In this study, we tested whether ASCs would cooperate with EPCs to coassemble vessels in in vivo implants. Collagen implants containing EPCs, ASCs, or a 4:1 mixture of both were placed subcutaneously into NOD/SCID mice. After a range of time periods, constructs were explanted and evaluated with regard to vascular network assembly and cell fate; and heterotypic cell interactions were explored by targeted molecular perturbations. The density and complexity of vascular networks formed by the synergistic dual-cell system was many-fold higher than found in implants containing either ASCs or EPCs alone. Coimplantation of ASCs and EPCs with either pancreatic islets or adipocytes produced neoorgans populated by these parenchymal cells, as well as by chimeric human vessels conducting flow. This study is the first to demonstrate prompt and consistent assembly of a vascular network by human ASCs and endothelial cells and vascularization by these cells of parenchymal cells in implants. Mixture of these 2 readily available, nontransformed human cell types provides a practical approach to tissue engineering, therapeutic revascularization, and in vivo studies of human vasculogenesis.

 
 
 
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