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Articles by D Zhao
Total Records ( 3 ) for D Zhao
  A Moran , D Gu , D Zhao , P Coxson , Y. C Wang , C. S Chen , J Liu , J Cheng , K Bibbins Domingo , Y. M Shen , J He and L. Goldman

Background— The relative effects of individual and combined risk factor trends on future cardiovascular disease in China have not been quantified in detail.

Methods and Results— Future risk factor trends in China were projected based on prior trends. Cardiovascular disease (coronary heart disease and stroke) in adults ages 35 to 84 years was projected from 2010 to 2030 using the Coronary Heart Disease Policy Model–China, a Markov computer simulation model. With risk factor levels held constant, projected annual cardiovascular events increased by >50% between 2010 and 2030 based on population aging and growth alone. Projected trends in blood pressure, total cholesterol, diabetes (increases), and active smoking (decline) would increase annual cardiovascular disease events by an additional 23%, an increase of approximately 21.3 million cardiovascular events and 7.7 million cardiovascular deaths over 2010 to 2030. Aggressively reducing active smoking in Chinese men to 20% prevalence in 2020 and 10% prevalence in 2030 or reducing mean systolic blood pressure by 3.8 mm Hg in men and women would counteract adverse trends in other risk factors by preventing cardiovascular events and 2.9 to 5.7 million total deaths over 2 decades.

Conclusions— Aging and population growth will increase cardiovascular disease by more than a half over the coming 20 years, and projected unfavorable trends in blood pressure, total cholesterol, diabetes, and body mass index may accelerate the epidemic. National policy aimed at controlling blood pressure, smoking, and other risk factors would counteract the expected future cardiovascular disease epidemic in China.

  W Li , W Zou , D Zhao , J Yan , Z Zhu , J Lu and X. Wang
  Weida Li, Wei Zou, Dongfeng Zhao, Jiacong Yan, Zuoyan Zhu, Jing Lu, and Xiaochen Wang

During apoptosis, dying cells are quickly internalized by neighboring cells or phagocytes, and are enclosed in phagosomes that undergo a maturation process to generate the phagoslysosome, in which cell corpses are eventually degraded. It is not well understood how apoptotic cell degradation is regulated. Here we report the identification and characterization of the C. elegans tbc-2 gene, which is required for the efficient degradation of cell corpses. tbc-2 encodes a Rab GTPase activating protein (GAP) and its loss of function affects several events of phagosome maturation, including RAB-5 release, phosphatidylinositol 3-phosphate dynamics, phagosomal acidification, RAB-7 recruitment and lysosome incorporation, which leads to many persistent cell corpses at various developmental stages. Intriguingly, the persistent cell corpse phenotype of tbc-2 mutants can be suppressed by reducing gene expression of rab-5, and overexpression of a GTP-locked RAB-5 caused similar defects in phagosome maturation and cell corpse degradation. We propose that TBC-2 functions as a GAP to cycle RAB-5 from an active GTP-bound to an inactive GDP-bound state, which is...

  H Zhang , D Zhao , Z Wang and D. Zheng

Although there is increasing evidence that the ATP sensitive potassium channel (KATP) opener exhibits neuroprotective effects against ischaemic neural damage, little is known about the mechanism. Mitochondria play a key role in apoptosis by releasing many important factors, including cytochrome c and apoptosis-inducing factor, which in turn initiate the caspase-dependent and -independent mitochondrial pathway, respectively. In the present study, we sought to determine the locus that KATP opener uses to mediate this protection in PC12 cells. We found that pre-treatment of PC12 cells with diazoxide (DZX), a mitochondrial ATP sensitive potassium channel (mitoKATP) opener, dose-dependently increased cell viability under conditions of oxygen glucose deprivation (OGD). The protective effect of this pre-conditioning was attenuated by 5-hydroxydecanoic acid, a selective mitoKATP blocker. The results showed that DZX inhibits the release of cytochrome c, the activation of caspase-3 and the release of AIF evoked by OGD. Taken together, our results demonstrate for the first time that activation of the mitoKATP channel elicits protective effects against OGD-induced cell apoptosis by caspase-dependent and -independent mitochondrial pathways.

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