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Articles by D Wallace Bradley
Total Records ( 2 ) for D Wallace Bradley
  T Thim , M. K Hagensen , D Wallace Bradley , J. F Granada , G. L Kaluza , L Drouet , W. P Paaske , H. E Botker and E. Falk
  Background—

Intravascular ultrasound–derived virtual histology (VH IVUS) is used increasingly in clinical research to assess composition and vulnerability of coronary atherosclerotic lesions. However, the ability of VH IVUS to quantify individual plaque components, in particular the size of the destabilizing necrotic core, has never been validated. We tested for correlation between VH IVUS necrotic core size and necrotic core size by histology in porcine coronary arteries with human-like coronary disease.

Methods and Results—

In adult atherosclerosis-prone minipigs, 18 advanced coronary lesions were assessed by VH IVUS in vivo followed by postmortem microscopic examination (histology). We found no correlation between the size of the necrotic core determined by VH IVUS and histology. VH IVUS displayed necrotic cores in lesions lacking cores by histology.

Conclusions—

We found no correlation between necrotic core size determined by VH IVUS and real histology, questioning the ability of VH IVUS to detect rupture-prone plaques, so-called thin-cap fibroatheromas.

  J. F Granada , S Inami , M. S Aboodi , A Tellez , K Milewski , D Wallace Bradley , S Parker , S Rowland , G Nakazawa , M Vorpahl , F. D Kolodgie , G. L Kaluza , M. B Leon and R. Virmani
  Background—

We aimed to demonstrate that, by separating endothelial progenitor cell capture from sirolimus delivery through the application of drug to the abluminal surface of the stent, the degree of endothelialization can be enhanced.

Methods and Results—

Stainless steel R Stents, with biodegradable SynBiosys polymer coating with sirolimus abluminally applied and surface modified with anti-CD34 antibody were prepared at 2 dosages (low-dose sirolimus [LD-Combo, 2.5 µg sirolimus/mm] and full-dose sirolimus [Combo, 5 µg sirolimus/mm). These Combo stents and the Cypher stent (10 µg sirolimus/mm) were deployed in 98 normal porcine arteries and harvested for pharmacokinetic analysis at 0.25, 1, 3, 7, 14, 28, and 35 days. The LD-Combo stents showed faster early release (50%total dose in 72 hours) than the Combo and Cypher. At 30 days, drug release was near complete with both Combo stents, whereas 20% of drug remained on the Cypher stents. To assess efficacy, a total of 50 stents (Xience V=8, Cypher=8, Genous bioengineered R stent=6, LD-Combo=14, and Combo=14) were implanted in 18 pigs for 14 and 28 days. Optical coherence tomography was performed, and stents were harvested for histology. At 28 days, there was less neointimal thickness with Combo (0.173±0.088 mm) compared with Cypher (0.358±0.225 mm), LD-Combo (0.316±0.228 mm), and Xience V (0.305±0.252 mm; P<0.00001). Immunohistochemical analysis of endothelialization showed that Genous bioengineered R stent had the highest degree of platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule expression (87%) followed by the Combo (75%), LD-Combo (65%), and Cypher (58%).

Conclusions—

Both optical coherence tomography and histology demonstrate that anti-CD34 sirolimus-eluting stents promote endothelialization while reducing neointimal formation and inflammation.

 
 
 
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