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Articles by D Sun
Total Records ( 3 ) for D Sun
  J Gu , D Sun , Q Zheng , X Wang , H Yang , J Miao , J Jiang and W. Wei

Elongator complex has been associated with hyperphosphorylated RNA polymerase II and is known to play critical roles in transcriptional elongation, as well as in tRNA modification and exocytosis. However, the specific mechanism of how human Elongator complex regulates cell growth and cell cycle remains unclear. To investigate the composition of human Elongator complex and its effects on cell growth, 293T cells were established that stably overexpressed Flag-Elp3 and Flag-Elp4. By using anti-Flag M2 antibody-bound resin, a core Elongator complex was purified from cells that stably overexpressed Flag-Elp3. No Elongator complex was purified from cells stably transfected with pFlagCMV4-Elp4. Interestingly, the cell growth was inhibited in 293T cells transfected with pFlagCMV4-Elp3. Flow cytometry analysis showed that most of the cells stably overexpressing Flag-Elp3 were found in G1 stage, indicating a role of the core Elongator in the G1 checkpoint for the regulation of cell cycle. We observed increased basal transcription and remarkably enhanced transcription stimulated by VP16 in 293T cells overexpressing Flag-Elp3. The transcription could also be synergistically activated by overexpressing both Elp3 and Elp4. Taken together, our results suggested that the core Elongator complex formed by Elp1, Elp2, and Elp3 was rather stable, whereas Elp4, Elp5, and Elp6 might loosely contact and work together with the core Elongator to regulate cell functions.

  D Sun , S Zhang , Y Wei and L. Yin

Mangostin (MAG), a kind of xanthone widely used in diet and medicine, has antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, and anticancer activities. On account of its antioxidant activity, MAG might protect cancer cells from free radical damage in photodynamic therapy (PDT) during which reactive oxygen species production was stimulated leading to irreversible tumor cell injury. In this study, the antioxidant activity of MAG was investigated and the influence of MAG on K562 cells in 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA)-based PDT is demonstrated. The results showed that MAG could scavenge hydroxyl radical, superoxide anion, and hydrogen peroxide and inhibit the formation of malondialdehyde (MDA), but increase the amounts of singlet oxygen in cell-free systems. MAG inhibits cell proliferation and enhances cell apoptosis, lipid peroxidation, and DNA damage in ALA-PDT on K562 cells. NaN3, a singlet oxygen quencher, suppresses the MAG-induced cell apoptosis, lipid peroxidation, and DNA damage. In conclusion, MAG enhances the PDT-induced cytotoxicity in K562 cells and singlet oxygen was involved in this process. These results implied that the effect of antioxidants on PDT might be determined by its sensitization ability to singlet oxygen.

  N Suematsu , C Ojaimi , F. A Recchia , Z Wang , Y Skayian , X Xu , S Zhang , P. M Kaminski , D Sun , M. S Wolin , G Kaley and T. H. Hintze

Rationale: Patients on a low salt (LS) diet have increased mortality.

Objective: To determine whether reduction in NO bioactivity may contribute to the LS-induced cardiac dysfunction and mortality.

Methods and Results: Adult male mongrel dogs were placed on LS (0.05% sodium chloride) for 2 weeks. Body weight (25.4±0.4 to 23.6±0.4 kg), left ventricular systolic pressure (137.0±3.4 to 124.0±6.7 mm Hg), and mean aortic pressure (111±3.1 to 98±4.3 mm Hg) decreased. Plasma angiotensin II concentration increased (4.4±0.7 to 14.8±3.7 pg/mL). Veratrine-induced (5 µg/kg) NO-mediated vasodilation was inhibited by 44% in LS; however, the simultaneous intravenous infusion of ascorbic acid or apocynin acutely and completely reversed this inhibition. In LS heart tissues, lucigenin chemiluminescence was increased 2.3-fold to angiotensin II (10–8 mol/L), and bradykinin (10–4 mol/L) induced reduction of myocardial oxygen consumption in vitro was decreased (40±1.3% to 16±6.3%) and completely restored by coincubation with tiron, tempol or apocynin. Switching of substrate uptake from free fatty acid to glucose by the heart was observed (free fatty acid: 8.97±1.39 to 4.53±1.12 µmol/min; glucose: 1.31±0.52 to 6.86±1.78 µmol/min). Western blotting indicated an increase in both p47phox (121%) and gp91phox (44%) as did RNA microarray analysis (433 genes changed) showed an increase in p47phox (1.6-fold) and gp91phox (2.0 fold) in the LS heart tissue.

Conclusions: LS diet induces the activation of the renin–angiotensin system, which increases oxidative stress via the NADPH oxidase and attenuates NO bioavailability in the heart.

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