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Articles by D Kang
Total Records ( 5 ) for D Kang
  E Hokazono , S Osawa , T Nakano , Y Kawamoto , Y Oguchi , T Hotta , Y Kayamori , D Kang , Y Cho , K Shiba and K. Sato
  Background

Although serum calcium has been measured using the o-cresolphthalein complexone (oCPC) method in the clinical laboratory, this method still has some problems regarding linearity and reagent stability. We developed a new measurement procedure using chlorophosphonazo-III (CPZ-III: 2,7-bis (4-chloro-2-phosphonophenylazo) -1,8- dihydroxy-3, 6-naphthalenedisulphonic acid, disodium salt) as a chelator with an acid medium for serum calcium measurement. The present method showed better linearity and reagent stability compared with the oCPC method.

Methods

Characteristics were studied in optimized conditions measuring wavelength by absorption spectra analysis, and interference of protein and metals with Mg2+, Fe2+, Cu2+ and Zn2+. The method was applied to an automated analyser (7170; Hitachi High Technologies Corp). The measurement performance was evaluated for accuracy, precision, recovery rate, linearity and reagent stability with a comparison study against atomic absorption spectrophotometry (AAS).

Results

The within-run and between-run variations (coefficient of variation [CV]) were 0.92–1.01% and 0.75–1.43%, respectively. The linearity was 0–7.0 mmol/L. The comparison study obtained y = 1.002x (AAS) – 0.10, Sy/x = 0.18 mmol/L, n = 50. Reagent stability was at least 20 d at 4°C without daily calibration.

Conclusion

The new calcium measurement method in serum was demonstrated to have reliable and acceptable performances as a routine test in clinical laboratory.

  D Kang , S Cho , C Lee , J. G Myoung and J. Na
 

Kang, D., Cho, S., Lee, C., Myoung, J-G. and Na, J. 2009. Ex situ target-strength measurements of Japanese anchovy (Engraulis japonicus) in the coastal Northwest Pacific. – ICES Journal of Marine Science, 66: 1219–1224.

The Japanese anchovy (Engraulis japonicus) is an important species in regard to the fisheries and ecology of the coastal Northwest Pacific. Measurements of ex situ target strength (TS; dB re 1 m2) were made on live anchovy using 38, 120, and 200 kHz split-beam echosounders. The fish were tethered using small hooks attached to their mouths. During the acoustic measurements, an underwater video camera was used to continuously monitor fish behaviour and tilt-angle (). Data for 35 individual anchovy ranging from immature to adult sizes (total lengths LT = 4.8–12.2 cm) were analysed. Least-squares regression fits of TS vs. log(LT) were: TS38 kHz = 20 log(LT) – 65.8 (r2 = 0.82), TS120 kHz = 20 log(LT) – 68.4 (r2 = 0.84), and TS200 kHz = 20 log(LT) – 69.1 (r2 = 0.71). The LT vs. wet weight (W; g) relationship for these fish was W = 0.0036 LT3.204. The mean for anchovy swimming freely in a large seawater tank was 9.1° (s.d. = 13.1°). These ex situ measurements of TS, LT, W, and can be applied to improve acoustic estimates of Japanese anchovy biomass.

  R. L Milne , J Benitez , H Nevanlinna , T Heikkinen , K Aittomaki , C Blomqvist , J. I Arias , M. P Zamora , B Burwinkel , C. R Bartram , A Meindl , R. K Schmutzler , A Cox , I Brock , G Elliott , M. W. R Reed , M. C Southey , L Smith , A. B Spurdle , J. L Hopper , F. J Couch , J. E Olson , X Wang , Z Fredericksen , P Schurmann , M Bremer , P Hillemanns , T Dork , P Devilee , C. J van Asperen , R. A. E. M Tollenaar , C Seynaeve , P Hall , K Czene , J Liu , Y Li , S Ahmed , A. M Dunning , M Maranian , P. D. P Pharoah , G Chenevix Trench , J Beesley , kConFab Investigators , N. N Antonenkova , I. V Zalutsky , H Anton Culver , A Ziogas , H Brauch , C Justenhoven , Y. D Ko , S Haas , P. A Fasching , R Strick , A. B Ekici , M. W Beckmann , G. G Giles , G Severi , L Baglietto , D. R English , O Fletcher , N Johnson , I dos Santos Silva , J Peto , C Turnbull , S Hines , A Renwick , N Rahman , B. G Nordestgaard , S. E Bojesen , H Flyger , D Kang , K. Y Yoo , D. Y Noh , A Mannermaa , V Kataja , V. M Kosma , M Garcia Closas , S Chanock , J Lissowska , L. A Brinton , J Chang Claude , S Wang Gohrke , C. Y Shen , H. C Wang , J. C Yu , S. T Chen , M Bermisheva , T Nikolaeva , E Khusnutdinova , M. K Humphreys , J Morrison , R Platte , D. F Easton and on behalf of the Breast Cancer Association Consortium
  Background

A recent genome-wide association study identified single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) 2q35-rs13387042 as a marker of susceptibility to estrogen receptor (ER)–positive breast cancer. We attempted to confirm this association using the Breast Cancer Association Consortium.

Methods

2q35-rs13387042 SNP was genotyped for 31 510 women with invasive breast cancer, 1101 women with ductal carcinoma in situ, and 35 969 female control subjects from 25 studies. Odds ratios (ORs) were estimated by logistic regression, adjusted for study. Heterogeneity in odds ratios by each of age, ethnicity, and study was assessed by fitting interaction terms. Heterogeneity by each of invasiveness, family history, bilaterality, and hormone receptor status was assessed by subclassifying case patients and applying polytomous logistic regression. All statistical tests were two-sided.

Results

We found strong evidence of association between rs13387042 and breast cancer in white women of European origin (per-allele OR = 1.12, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.09 to 1.15; Ptrend = 1.0 x 10–19). The odds ratio was lower than that previously reported (P = .02) and did not vary by age or ethnicity (all P ≥ .2). However, it was higher when the analysis was restricted to case patients who were selected for a strong family history (P = .02). An association was observed for both ER-positive (OR = 1.14, 95% CI = 1.10 to 1.17; P = 10–15) and ER-negative disease (OR = 1.10, 95% CI = 1.04 to 1.15; P = .0003) and both progesterone receptor (PR)–positive (OR = 1.15, 95% CI = 1.11 to 1.19; P = 5 x 10–14) and PR-negative disease (OR = 1.10, 95% CI = 1.06 to 1.15; P = .00002).

Conclusion

The rs13387042 is associated with both ER-positive and ER-negative breast cancer in European women.

  P Dai , A. K Stewart , F Chebib , A Hsu , J Rozenfeld , D Huang , D Kang , V Lip , H Fang , H Shao , X Liu , F Yu , H Yuan , M Kenna , D. T Miller , Y Shen , W Yang , I Zelikovic , O. S Platt , D Han , S. L Alper and B. L. Wu
 

Mutations of the human SLC26A4/PDS gene constitute the most common cause of syndromic and nonsyndromic hearing loss. Definition of the SLC26A4 mutation spectrum among different populations with sensorineural hearing loss is important for development of optimal genetic screening services for congenital hearing impairment. We screened for SLC26A4 mutations among Chinese and U.S. subjects with hearing loss, using denaturing HPLC (DHPLC) and direct DNA sequencing. Fifty-two of 55 Chinese subjects with deafness accompanied by enlargement of the vestibular aqueduct (EVA) exhibited at least one mutant SLC26A4 allele, whereas SLC26A4 mutations were found in only 2 of 116 deaf Chinese patients without EVA. The spectrum of SLC26A4 mutations differed among Chinese and U.S. subjects and included 10 previously unreported SLC26A4 variants: 4 in the Chinese population (p.E303Q, p.X329, p.X467, p.X573) and 6 in the U.S. population (p.V250A, p.D266N, p.F354S, p.D697A, p.K715N, p.E737D). Among the seven novel in-frame missense mutations, five encoded SLC26A4 proteins with substantially reduced Cl/anion exchange activity as expressed and measured in Xenopus oocytes, but four of these were sufficiently active to allow study of anion selectivity. The only mutant polypeptide exhibiting complete loss of anion exchange function, p.E303Q, was expressed at or near the oocyte surface at near-wild-type levels. Two variants, p.F354S and p.E737D, displayed selective reduction in relative rate of Cl/HCO3 exchange compared with similarly measured rates of Cl/Cl and Cl/I exchange. Our data show that mutation analysis of the SLC26A4 gene is of high diagnostic yield among subjects with deafness and bilateral EVA in both China and the U.S. However, the pathogenicity of monoallelic SLC26A4 gene variants in patients with hearing loss remains unclear in many instances.

  M Sumitani , K Kasashima , E Ohta , D Kang and H. Endo
 

We have identified a novel mitochondrial protein, termed M19, by proteomic analysis of mitochondrial membrane proteins from HeLa cells. M19 is highly conserved among vertebrates, and possesses no homologous domains with other known proteins. By northern and western blotting, mouse M19 was shown to be expressed in various tissues, and to be especially abundant in the brain. Human M19 (hM19) is present in mitochondria, and protease-protection experiment showed it to be sublocalized in the matrix space. Carboxy-terminally tagged hM19 appeared as spotted signals within mitochondria and co-localized with signals arising from mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA), suggesting the inclusion of M19 in the mtDNA–protein complex (mitochondrial nucleoids). Fractionation of mitochondrial nucleoids from HeLa cells revealed that hM19 has a similar distribution pattern like that of known nucleoid components, such as mtSSB and PHBs, and surely exists in the nucleoid fraction. Furthermore, expression of M19 is closely related to the amount of mtDNA, because it was down-regulated in mtDNA-depleted 0 HeLa cells. These results indicate that M19 associates with the nucleoid and likely regulates the organization and metabolism of mtDNA.

 
 
 
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