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Articles by D Jiang
Total Records ( 2 ) for D Jiang
  K. A Ferguson , S Leung , D Jiang and S. Ma
  BACKGROUND

In a previous study on severely infertile men, we observed alterations in the number of meiotic crossovers; however, it is unknown if these men also show alterations in the position of crossovers.

METHODS

Spermatocytes from 15 men (5 control men and 10 infertile men) were immunostained to observe the synaptonemal complex and MLH1 foci, which localize to sites of crossovers. Fluorescent in situ hybridization was performed to identify chromosomes 13, 18 and 21. Chromosome bivalents were separated into those with single and double crossover configurations, and the distribution of MLH1 foci along each chromosome arm was calculated. The inter-focal distances on chromosome 13 and 18 bivalents with double crossovers were also calculated.

RESULTS

Four of the infertile men displayed an altered MLH1 distribution on at least one of the chromosome arms studied. Of these four men, two displayed reduced rates of meiotic recombination. Only one man displayed an abnormality in crossover interference, with inter-focal distances reduced on chromosome 13 bivalents.

CONCLUSIONS

Recombination defects in infertile men may include alterations in the number of crossovers, the position of crossovers or both. Alterations in both the number and position of crossovers may increase the risk of aneuploid sperm in infertile men.

  B Peng , L Cao , W Wang , L Xian , D Jiang , J Zhao , Z Zhang , X Wang and L. Yu
 

Matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) 1 and MMP3 are enzymes that degrade the extracellular matrix and have been implicated to play an important role in cancer development. Many studies have been carried out on the association between polymorphisms of MMP1 –1607 1G>2G and MMP3 –1171 5A>6A and cancer risk. However, results from these studies remain inconclusive. Here, we performed a meta-analysis of >38 000 subjects to better assess the purported associations. For MMP1, –1607 2G/2G genotype carriers were found to have an increased risk of colorectal cancer [2G/2G versus 2G/1G + 1G/1G, odds ratio (OR) = 1.48, 95% confidence interval (CI) (1.26–1.74), Pheterogeneity = 0.066, I2 = 49.3%], head and neck cancer [2G/2G versus 2G/1G + 1G/1G, OR = 1.61, 95% CI (1.26–2.07), Pheterogeneity = 0.002, I2 = 64.7%] and renal cancer [2G/2G versus 2G/1G + 1G/1G, OR = 1.82, 95% CI (1.38–2.39), Pheterogeneity = 0.589, I2 = 0.0%] risk. For MMP3, no association was found between –1171 5A>6A polymorphism and cancer risk in the overall group [6A versus 5A, OR = 1.00, 95% CI (0.95–1.05), Pheterogeneity = 0.124, I2 = 24.9%] and individual cancer subgroups, but stratified analysis by smoking status showed that this polymorphism had different effects on smokers and non-smokers under recessive genetic model. In summary, our study suggests that MMP1 –1607 2G may be associated with an increased cancer risk for certain types of cancers, MMP3 –1171 5A>6A may not be a major risk factor for cancer, but it may be modified by certain environmental factors. Future studies with larger sample sizes are warranted to further evaluate these associations in more detail.

 
 
 
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