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Articles by D Huang
Total Records ( 2 ) for D Huang
  J. G Garcia Lerma , A McNulty , C Jennings , D Huang , W Heneine and J. W. Bremer
  Objectives

Dried blood spots (DBS) and dried plasma spots (DPS) are considered convenient alternatives to serum and plasma for HIV drug resistance testing in resource-limited settings. We sought to investigate how extreme conditions could affect the short-term ability to amplify and genotype HIV from DBS.

Methods

A panel of six matched DPS/DBS was generated using blood collected from HIV-infected donors. Replicate cards were prepared in 903 filter paper using 50 µL of blood and stored at either –20°C or at 37°C/100% humidity. Nucleic acids were extracted at baseline and after 1, 2, 8 and 16 weeks of storage and were amplified and sequenced using an in-house RT-nested PCR method or the ViroSeq assay.

Results

HIV-1 pol was successfully amplified in all DBS/DPS at baseline and in those stored for up to 16 weeks at –20°C by the in-house assay. In contrast, amplification was rapidly lost during storage at 37°C/100% humidity with only 6/6 and 4/6 DBS specimens amplifiable by the in-house assay at weeks 1 and 2, respectively. Similarly, only two DPS stored at 37°C/100% humidity were amplified by the in-house assay at week 1.

Conclusions

We show that resistance testing from DBS and DPS is severely compromised after 2 and 1 weeks of storage at 37°C/100% humidity with desiccant, respectively. These findings underscore the importance of temperature and humidity for the efficient genotyping of HIV-1 from DBS and DPS, and reiterate the need to rapidly transport specimens from collection sites to locations that have appropriate storage conditions such as –20°C.

  P Dai , A. K Stewart , F Chebib , A Hsu , J Rozenfeld , D Huang , D Kang , V Lip , H Fang , H Shao , X Liu , F Yu , H Yuan , M Kenna , D. T Miller , Y Shen , W Yang , I Zelikovic , O. S Platt , D Han , S. L Alper and B. L. Wu
 

Mutations of the human SLC26A4/PDS gene constitute the most common cause of syndromic and nonsyndromic hearing loss. Definition of the SLC26A4 mutation spectrum among different populations with sensorineural hearing loss is important for development of optimal genetic screening services for congenital hearing impairment. We screened for SLC26A4 mutations among Chinese and U.S. subjects with hearing loss, using denaturing HPLC (DHPLC) and direct DNA sequencing. Fifty-two of 55 Chinese subjects with deafness accompanied by enlargement of the vestibular aqueduct (EVA) exhibited at least one mutant SLC26A4 allele, whereas SLC26A4 mutations were found in only 2 of 116 deaf Chinese patients without EVA. The spectrum of SLC26A4 mutations differed among Chinese and U.S. subjects and included 10 previously unreported SLC26A4 variants: 4 in the Chinese population (p.E303Q, p.X329, p.X467, p.X573) and 6 in the U.S. population (p.V250A, p.D266N, p.F354S, p.D697A, p.K715N, p.E737D). Among the seven novel in-frame missense mutations, five encoded SLC26A4 proteins with substantially reduced Cl/anion exchange activity as expressed and measured in Xenopus oocytes, but four of these were sufficiently active to allow study of anion selectivity. The only mutant polypeptide exhibiting complete loss of anion exchange function, p.E303Q, was expressed at or near the oocyte surface at near-wild-type levels. Two variants, p.F354S and p.E737D, displayed selective reduction in relative rate of Cl/HCO3 exchange compared with similarly measured rates of Cl/Cl and Cl/I exchange. Our data show that mutation analysis of the SLC26A4 gene is of high diagnostic yield among subjects with deafness and bilateral EVA in both China and the U.S. However, the pathogenicity of monoallelic SLC26A4 gene variants in patients with hearing loss remains unclear in many instances.

 
 
 
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