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Articles by D Brown
Total Records ( 6 ) for D Brown
  A. N Van Hoek , R Bouley , Y Lu , C Silberstein , D Brown , M. B Wax and R. V. Patil

Aquaporin-4 (AQP4) is a basolateral water channel in collecting duct principal cells and assembles into orthogonal array particles (OAPs), the size of which appears to depend on relative expression levels of AQP4 splice variants. Because the higher-order organization of AQP4 was perturbed by vasopressin in Brattleboro rats and phosphorylation sites have been identified on AQP4, we investigated whether vasopressin and forskolin (Fk) affect AQP4 assembly and/or expression in LLC-PK1 cells stably transfected with the AQP4 splice variant M23, which is responsible for formation of OAPs, and/or the splice variant M1, which does not form OAPs. Our data show that [lys8]-vasopressin (LVP) and Fk treatment led to differential increases in expression levels of M23-AQP4 and M1-AQP4 that varied as a function of incubation time. At early time points (day 1) expression of M1 was significantly stimulated (4.5-fold), over that of M23 (1.6-fold), but after 3 days the expression of M23 became predominant (4.1-fold) over that of M1 (1.9-fold). This pattern of stimulation was dependent on an intact AQP4 residue serine 111 and required protein synthesis. In cells expressing both M1 and M23 (M1/M23 ~ 1), with small sized OAPs at the membrane, the LVP/Fk-induced stimulation of M23 was modified and mimicked that of M1 when expressed alone, suggesting a dominant role for M1. In Brattleboro kidney inner medulla, an 8-day chronic exposure to the vasopressin agonist (dDAVP) led to reduction in M1 and a significant increase in M23 immunoblot staining (M1/M23 = 2/3 -> 1/4). These results indicate that AQP4 organization and expression are regulated by vasopressin in vivo and in vitro and demonstrate that the dominant role for M1 is restricted to a one-to-one interaction between AQP4 splice variants that regulates the membrane expression of OAPs.

  C Belleannee , N Da Silva , W. W. C Shum , D Brown and S. Breton

Extracellular purinergic agonists regulate a broad range of physiological functions via P1 and P2 receptors. Using the epididymis as a model system in which luminal acidification is essential for sperm maturation and storage, we show here that extracellular ATP and its hydrolysis product adenosine trigger the apical accumulation of vacuolar H+-ATPase (V-ATPase) in acidifying clear cells. We demonstrate that the epididymis can hydrolyze luminal ATP into other purinergic agonists such as ADP via the activity of nucleotidases located in the epididymal fluid and in the apical membrane of epithelial cells. Alkaline phosphatase activity and abundant ecto-5'-nucleotidase protein were detected in the apical pole of principal cells. In addition, we show that nine nucleotidase genes (Nt5e, Alpl, Alpp, Enpp1, 2, and 3, and Entpd 2, 4, and 5), seven ATP P2 receptor genes (P2X1, P2X2, P2X3, P2X4, P2X6, P2Y2, P2Y5), and three adenosine P1 receptor genes (A1, A2B, and A3) are expressed in epithelial cells isolated by laser cut microdissection (LCM). The calcium chelator BAPTA-AM abolished the apical V-ATPase accumulation induced by ATP, supporting the contribution of P2X or P2Y in this response. The PKA inhibitor myristoylated protein kinase inhibitor (mPKI) inhibited adenosine-dependent V-ATPase apical accumulation, indicating the participation of the P1 A2B receptor. Altogether, these results suggest that the activation of P1 and P2 purinergic receptors by ATP and adenosine might play a significant role in luminal acidification in the epididymis, a process that is crucial for the establishment of male fertility.

  N Da Silva , T Pisitkun , C Belleannee , L. R Miller , R Nelson , M. A Knepper , D Brown and S. Breton

Proton-transporting cells are located in several tissues where they acidify the extracellular environment. These cells express the vacuolar H+-ATPase (V-ATPase) B1 subunit (ATP6V1B1) in their plasma membrane. We provide here a comprehensive catalog of the proteins that are expressed in these cells, after their isolation by enzymatic digestion and fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS) from transgenic B1-enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) mice. In these mice, type A and B intercalated cells and connecting segment cells of the kidney, and narrow and clear cells of the epididymis, which all express ATP6V1B1, also express EGFP, while all other cell types are negative. The proteome of renal and epididymal EGFP-positive (EGFP+) cells was identified by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) and compared with their respective EGFP-negative (EGFP) cell populations. A total of 2,297 and 1,564 proteins were detected in EGFP+ cells from the kidney and epididymis, respectively. Out of these proteins, 202 and 178 were enriched by a factor greater than 1.5 in EGFP+ cells compared with EGFP cells, in the kidney and epididymis respectively, and included subunits of the V-ATPase (B1, a4, and A). In addition, several proteins involved in intracellular trafficking, signaling, and cytoskeletal dynamics were identified. A novel common protein that was enriched in renal and epididymal EGFP+ cells is the progesterone receptor, which might be a potential candidate for the regulation of V-ATPase-dependent proton transport. These proteomic databases provide a framework for comprehensive future analysis of the common and distinct functions of V-ATPase-B1-expressing cells in the kidney and epididymis.

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