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Articles by Courage Kosi Setsoafia Saba
Total Records ( 2 ) for Courage Kosi Setsoafia Saba
  Courage Kosi Setsoafia Saba and Saviour Kojo Tekpor
  The quality of drinking water in most African countries is a call for concern let alone the quality of swimming pools. A very few information exist about the quality of swimming pools in Africa because most researchers concentrate on the quality of drinking water. However, the quality of swimming pool water must be as good as drinking water due to the risk of exposure to the body orifices during swimming. Seven different swimming pools in Ghana were investigated for their water qualities and the risk of spreading pathogenic and antibiotic resistant microorganisms to swimmers. Four samples each were collected purposively from each swimming pool for analysis over four months (December 2013-March 2014) period. Standard microbiological procedures were followed to isolate fecal coliforms, E. coli, total heterotrophic bacteria as well as antibiotic susceptibility test of isolated E. coli to commonly used antibiotics using the European Committee on Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing (EUCAST) breakpoints. Physicochemical parameters such pH, free chlorine and turbidity were also measured. Bacteria isolated include fecal coliforms (13-36 CFU/100 mL), E. coli (5-8 CFU/100 mL) and Heterotrophic bacteria (26-90 CFU/1 mL) from all swimming pools and E. coli O157:H7 from two pools. The antibiotic that recorded the highest resistance was sulfamethoxazole (46%) followed by amoxicillin (29%), ceftriaxone (25%), chloramphenicol (21%), amoxicillin clavulanic acid (14%), ciprofloxacin (11%) and gentamicin (4%). The pH values ranged from 6.2-7.2. The free chlorine concentration obtained ranged from 1.3-1.9 mg L-1 and Nephelometric Turbidity Unit ranged from 1.1-1.7 NTU. The presence of high levels of fecal coliform bacteria and E. coli in the seven swimming pools have not met the World Health Organization (WHO) standard for recreational waters. Also, the swimming pools were below standards with regards to pH and turbidity. The antibiotic resistant isolates found in the swimming pools can easily spread to swimmers. Swimmers in pools in Ghana are at a risk of contracting infectious diseases, hence urgent and effective mitigating interventions must be devised to ensure standard measures.
  Frederick Adzitey , Nafisah Sumaila and Courage Kosi Setsoafia Saba
  The study was conducted to determine the occurrence of E. coli in drinking water sources used by humans and farm animals in Nyankpala community of Ghana. Isolation of E. coli was done using a slightly modified procedure in the US Food and Drug Administration-Bacteriological Analysis Manual (FDA-BAM). A total of 200 water samples collected from six different water sources viz. sachet water (four different brands), tap water, well water, dam water, bottle water and water from the drinking troughs (drinkers) of farm animals were analysed. The average occurrence of E. coli in the different water samples was 58 (29%). The highest occurrence of E. coli was in well water 100% (20/20), followed by water from drinkers 80% (12/15), dam water 65% (13/20), rain water 50% (10/20) and tap water 10% (3/25). All sachet (0/80) and bottle water (0/20) samples were negative for E. coli. The number of well water samples positive for E. coli was significantly higher (p<0.01) than that of dam water, sachet water, rain water and tap water. This work indicated that some drinking water samples (well, drinkers, dam, rain water and tap water) in the Nyankpala Community of Ghana are contaminated with E. coli and thus humans and farm animals are at risk of foodborne infections from drinking water from such sources.
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