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Articles by Cemal Budag
Total Records ( 7 ) for Cemal Budag
  Cemal Budag , Abuzer Tas and Evrim Tas
  In the present study, effects of use of Vetch grain feed (V), which is one of leguminous grain feeds, at different levels on certain blood parameters in lamb rations were investigated. Twenty four of weaned female lambs, which are approximately 16 weeks old, were used for the test. Three feeding groups were established for the test. According to it, feed amount, which accounts for 2% of animal weight, consists of completely dry trefoil for the Control group (C). The second group was fed with vetch in an amount of 0.75% of animal weight and Dry Trefoil (DT) in an amount of 1.25% of animal weight (VI) and the third group was fed with vetch in an amount of 1.5% of animal weight and dry trefoil in an amount of 0.5% of animal weight (VII). Two blood samples were collected from the lambs, one was collected at the beginning of the study and the other was collected on the 25th day of the study. According to the analysis conducted, it was observed that, blood Triglyceride (TG), Very Low Density Lipoprotein (VLDL) and Lactate Dehydrogenasis (LDH) levels in the bloods of the lambs were not affected by F-type diet. However, blood aspartate aminotransferase (AST) level increased in all groups including control, while blood Albumin (ALB) level increased in VII depending on Vetch (V) diet (p<0.05). It was also seen that, blood alanine Aminotransferase (ALT) and Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN) levels decreased as a result of F diet (p<0.05). The fact that use of F, which is a good protein and energy feed, increased ALB level and decreased BUN suggested that, a positive protein metabolism was formed in the animals. High ratio use of F containing anti-nutrient materials like all leguminous grain feeds was expected to increase ALT and LDH levels; however, it caused decrease in these parameters. This evidenced positive effect of F on liver.
  Cemal Budag , Abuzer Tas and A. Semra Vakit
  In the present study, effects of use of Chickling Vetch (CV) grain feed, which is one of leguminous grain feeds, at different levels on certain blood parameters in lamb rations were investigated. Twenty four of weaned female lambs, which are approximately 16 weeks old, were used for the test. Three feeding groups were established for the test. According to it, feed amount, which accounts for 2% of Body Weight (BW), consists of completely dry trefoil for the Control group (C). The second group (CVI) was fed with chickling vetch in an amount of 0.75% of BW and Dry Trefoil (DT) in an amount of 1.25% of BW and the third group (CVII) was fed with chickling vetch in an amount of 1.5% of BW and dry trefoil in an amount of 0.5% of BW. Two blood samples were collected from the lambs, one was collected at the beginning of the study and the other was collected on the 25th day of the study. According to the analysis conducted, it was observed that blood Aspartate Aminotransferase (AST) level decreased in all groups including control groups, while Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN) levels increased of in CVI and CVII groups depending on CV diet (p<0.05). However, blood Triglyceride (TG), Very Low Density Lipoprotein (VLDL), blood Albumin (ALB), blood Globulin (GLO), blood alanine Aminotransferase (ALT) and Lactate Dehydrogenasis (LDH) levels in the bloods of the lambs were not affected by CV-type diet. The fact that use of CV, which is a good protein and energy feed, increased BUN suggested that a pore protein metabolism was formed in the animals. High ratio use of CV containing anti-nutrient materials like all leguminous grain feeds, was expected to increase ALT, AST and LDH levels; however, it were not caused any changes in ALT and LDH parameters also it decreased AST levels. This evidenced positive effect of CV on liver.
  Sibel Celik , Cemal Budag , Murat Demirel , Yunus Bakici and Savas Celik
  The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of ensiling corn harvested at the milk stage by addition of various amount of Molasses (M), Urea (U) and Urea + Molasses (UxM) on quality, in vitro Organic Matter Digestibility (IVOMD) and Metabolic Energy (ME) contents. Five silage samples from 16 treatment groups were prepared in 1 l jars and incubated for 70 days. The ME values and IVOMD with lactic acid levels of 1% U added silages were higher compared to other silages. It has been concluded that either unsupplemented or 1% U added ensiling will be a suitable ensiling technique to corn.
  Cemal Budag , A. Abuzer Tas and Semra Vakit
  In the present study, effects of use of Chickling Vetch grain feed (CV), which is one of leguminous grain feeds, at different levels on certain blood parameters in lamb rations were investigated. Twenty four of weaned female lambs, which are approximately 16 weeks old, were used for the test. Three feeding groups were established for the test. According to it, feed amount, which accounts for 2% of Body Weight (BW), consists of completely dry trefoil for the Control group (C). The second group (CVI) was fed with chickling vetch in an amount of 0.75% of BW and Dry Trefoil (DT) in an amount of 1.25% of BW and the third group (CVII) was fed with chickling vetch in an amount of 1.5% of BW and dry trefoil in an amount of 0.5% of BW. Two blood samples were collected from the lambs, one was collected at the beginning of the study and the other was collected on the 25th day of the study. According to the analyses conducted, it was observed that blood aspartate Aminotransferase (AST) level decreased in all groups including control groups, while Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN) levels increased of in CVI and CVII groups depending on CV diet (p<0.05). However, blood Triglyceride (TG), Very Low Density Lipoprotein (VLDL), Blood Albumin (ALB), blood Globulin (GLO), blood alanine Aminotransferase (ALT) and Lactate Dehydrogenasis (LDH) levels in the bloods of the lambs were not affected by CV-type diet. The fact that use of CV, which is a good protein and energy feed, increased BUN suggested that a pore protein metabolism was formed in the animals. High-ratio use of CV containing anti-nutrient materials like all leguminous grain feeds, was expected to increase ALT, AST and LDH levels; however, it were not caused any changes in ALT and LDH parameters also it decreased AST levels. This evidenced positive effect of CV on liver.
  Cemal Budag , Evrim Tas and Abuzer Tas
  In the present study, effects of use of vetch grain feed (V), which is one of leguminous grain feeds, at different levels on certain blood parameters in lamb rations were investigated. Twenty four of weaned female lambs, which are approximately, 16 week old, were used for the test. Three feeding groups were established for the test. According to it, feed amount, which accounts for 2% of Body Weight (BW), consists of completely dry trefoil for the Control group (C). The second group (VI) was fed with vetch in an amount of 0.75% of BW and Dry Trefoil (DT) in an amount of 1.25% of BW and the third group (VII) was fed with vetch in an amount of 1.5% of BW and dry trefoil in an amount of 0.5% of BW. Two blood samples were collected from the lambs, one was collected at the beginning of the study and the other was collected on the 25th day of the study. According to the analyses conducted, it was observed that blood Triglyceride (TG), Very Low Density Lipoprotein (VLDL) and Lactate Dehydrogenasis (LDH) levels in the bloods of the lambs were not affected by V-type diet. However, blood Aspartate Aminotransferase (AST) level increased in all groups including control, while blood Albumin (ALB) level increased in VII depending on Vetch (V) diet (p<0.05). It was also, seen that blood alanine Aminotransferase (ALT) and Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN) levels decreased as a result of V diet (p<0.05). The fact that use of V, which is a good protein and energy feed, increased ALB level and decreased BUN suggested that a positive protein metabolism was formed in the animals. High-ratio use of V containing anti-nutrient materials like all leguminous grain feeds, was expected to increase ALT and LDH levels; however, it caused decrease in these parameters. This evidenced positive effect of V on liver.
  Tulay Demirkus and Cemal Budag
  In this study, total nutrient and Selenium (Se) content of 84 pasture grass samples taken from 15 locations around Van Lake and were analyzed. The samples were collected every 15 days between May 15th 1996 and August 15th 1996 for seven different periods. Sampling was performed in 1 location for 3 periods, in 5 locations for 5 periods, in 7 locations for 6 periods and in 2 locations for 7 periods. The differences between periods were not significant in Crude Ash (CA%) (p>0.05) but were significant in Dry Matter (DM%), Crude Protein (CP%), Ether Extract (EE%), Crude Fiber (CF%) and Nitrogen Free Extract (NFE%) (p<0.05). There were significant differences between locations in DM, CP, EE, CA, CF and NFE% (p<0.05). Regression analysis results showed no relationship between DM, CP, EE, CA, CF and NFE% and Se (mg kg-1) content.
  Cemal Budag and Duran Bolat
  In this study, the effects of different protein sources on microbial protein synthesis were examined. Four Kivircik X Morkaraman (G1), wether fed with maize silage based diets, fistulated with duodenal and ruminal canula and weighing 54.22 kg in average were used in 4x4 Latin Square experimental design. The research was completed in 4 periods each lasted 22 days. The diets were prepared in izocaloric and izonitrogenic on dry matter basis, Soybean Meal (SM), Vetch (V), Chickling Vetch (CV) and maize Gluten Meal (GM) were used in rations as protein source. The animals were housed in individual pen and adlibitum fed. Animals consumed fresh water freely as they needed. Dry Matter (DM), Crude Protein (CP), Neutral Detergent Fiber (NDF), Acid Detergent Fiber (ADF), Organic Matter (OM), Ammonia Nitrogen (NH3-N) in the duodenal samples and microbial purin, Volatile Fatty Acids (VFA), CP, NH3 levels in the ruminal samples were determined in present study. The amounts of Microbial Crude Protein (MCP), CP sourced from feedstuff (By-protein), ammonia nitrogen (NH3-N) and digestion rates of nutrients in the duodenal digesta were calculated using different equations. The indicator methods, CrO2 absorbed NDF and microbial purin were used to determine the digestion rates of nutrients and microbial protein in the duodenal digest. The differences among the group means were significant (p<0.05) for amounts of acetic butric and propionic acids but not significant for the time of the post feeding. The amounts of the acetic, butric and propionic acids groups were 45.04, 4.32, 9.35 mmol L-1 for SM; 82.96, 7.71, 17.81 mmol L-1 for V 64.17, 7.72, 14.48 mmol L-1 for CV and 65.72, 7.67, 20.56 mmol L-1 for GM. The differences among the groups were significant (p<0.05) for rumen NH3 concentration but not significant for pH value. The differences in NH3 concentration between 2nd and other post feeding times (h) and the differences in terms of the pH value between 0th and other post feeding times were significant (p<0.05). The NH3 concentrations and the pH values for the groups were 16.98, 14.27, 14.58, 14.18 mg 100 mL-1 and 6.25, 6.24, 6.11, 6.09, respectively. The difference among the groups were significant (p<0.05) for the digestible CP but not significant for true digestibility of the DM, CP, NDF, ADF and OM. Digestibility rates of the nutrients were calculated as 55.71, 57.83, 57.83, 51.33, 62.58% for SM, 63.02, 60.43, 52.13, 40.93, 78.66% for GP, 77.37, 76.81, 69.54, 57.84, 78.66% for BB, 72.72, 64.87, 45.07, 33.70, 66.19% for GM, respectively. The differences among the groups in the duodenal digest was significant for by-pass-N (p<0.05) but not significant for NH3-N and MCP. The amounts of by-pass-N, MCP and NH3-N were as 8.81, 5.71, 5.06, 9.83 g; 32.41, 16.91, 21.96, 51.25 g; 105.79, 98.56, 115.53, 102.63 g, respectively.
 
 
 
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