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Articles by C.T. Shivannavar
Total Records ( 1 ) for C.T. Shivannavar
  G. Kesava Naidu , S.M. Gaddad , C.T. Shivannavar , N. Rajendra Goud , Ujjwal Neogi and Ruchi Saumya
  The main objectives of this research was to isolate Shiga Toxin Producing Escherichia coli (STEC) from diarrheal samples, stool samples from cattle, beef, mutton samples, water and sewage samples collected from different places in Gulbarga region of Karnataka, India and determination of the antibiotic susceptibility patterns of STEC. The highest number of STEC was found in the Sewage sample (14.84%) where as urine sample did not contain any STEC. Among the 2109 sample 65 were confirmed as STEC. The highest (73%) incidence of resistance was recorded against Ampicillin, closely followed by that against streptomycin (70.77%) and cephalexin (69.23%).While only two antibiotics, chloramphenicol (21.54%) and gentamicin (12.3%) recorded comparatively lower incidence of resistance. The multiple antibiotic resistances were most common. More than 98% of the isolates were resistant to two or more antibiotics. Resistances to three (11 isolates), six (10 isolates) and five (9 isolates) antibiotics were most common. Alarming to note that, few isolates (4.61%) are resistant to all the 12 antibiotics tested and 21.5% of the isolates are resistant to ten or more antibiotics.
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