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Articles by C.O.A. Ugwumba
Total Records ( 3 ) for C.O.A. Ugwumba
  C.O.A. Ugwumba
  The study examined the profitability of integrated fish cum crop farming and effects of socio-economic and demographic factors on farm income realized from it. Data were collected by means of structured questionnaire recovered from 80 farmers. Analyses of data were accomplished using descriptive statistics, farm budgeting technique, profit function and multiple regression. Profitability indicators using gross margin, net farm income and net return on investment portrayed the compared enterprises as profitable. Net return on investment for fish cum crop integration that utilized waste from the fish pond as organic manure in crop farm (1.21) was 0.5 higher than that of the alternative (1.16). The price parameters for fish feeds and output significantly accounted for more of the maximum variable profit in profit function analysis. Farm income was significantly influenced by years of experience, educational level and utilization of fish pond waste as organic manure in crop farm. Policy measures geared towards reduction in cost of inputs, favorable output price, enhanced farmer’s knowledge and adoption of modern technologies would lead to bigger farm income.
  P.C. IKE and C.O.A. Ugwumba
  This study was carried out to establish the profitability of small scale broiler production in Onitsha north local government area of Anambra state, Nigeria. The specific objectives are to determine the effects of socioeconomic characteristics of broiler producers on output and to estimate the returns of broiler enterprise in the study area. Primary data were collected from one hundred and thirty five (135) broiler farmers by use of well structured questionnaire. Descriptive and inferential statistical tools such as means, percentages and multiple regression analysis as well as enterprise budget were applied to analyze the data collected for the study. Findings indicated that most of the respondents (70%) were males and same were aged between 36-55 years while most of the farmers have long years of experience in broiler production. Regression estimates indicated that six variables including experience in broiler production, farming status, access to credit, labour, number of Day-old chicks and quantity of feeds exerted statistically significant influence on broiler production with an R2 of 0.79 and an F-ratio of 39.1. A single broiler nurtured to maturity had a total cost of 942.14 made up of 30.40 fixed cost and 911.74 variable cost. With gross revenue per bird at 1334.00, net revenue of 391.86 per bird was calculated and this gave a net margin-to-cost ratio of 0.42 which implies that a 1.00 investment in broiler production all things being equal would yield 0.42 in return. It is the recommendation of this study that state and local governments should improve their credit delivery to farmers as this will go a long way in improving output.
  C.O.A. Ugwumba and R.N. Okoh
  The study compared the profitability and returns to scale of African Clariid catfish farming using concrete and earthen ponds in Anambra State, Nigeria. Primary data were obtained from useful copies of questionnaire returned by 204 out of the 256 respondents interviewed for the study. Data were analyzed by means of budgetary method, translog stochastic frontier models and a 4-point Likert scale. Mean net farm income and net return on investment values were N593,314 and 0.56 for the concrete pond farms and N1,122, 586 and 0.75 for the earthen pond farms. This implies that catfish production using either the concrete or earthen pond type of production unit is profitable. Returns to scale values were 2.46 and 0.69 for the concrete and earthen ponds, respectively, an indication of increasing and decreasing returns to scale. Catfish production was seriously constrained by high cost of feeds, lack of capital and scarcity of seeds. The earthen ponds were more profitable than the concrete ponds, however the concrete ponds were in the majority (77%; n = 158). Policy must be channeled towards measures that would ameliorate production problems and encourage the setting up of concrete ponds. Such measures should include the establishment of modern feed mill and hatcheries; the broadening of extension services and the provision of credit facilities.
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