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Articles by C.O. Emokaro
Total Records ( 3 ) for C.O. Emokaro
  P.A. Ekunwe , S.I. Orewa and C.O. Emokaro
  The study examines resource use efficiency on yam production in Delta and Kogi States of Nigeria. Both primary and secondary data were used for the study. Primary data were collected using a set of structured questionnaire from 200 selected Agricultural Development Programme (ADP) contact yam farmers from each state. A multi-stage sampling technique was used in selecting the 200 farmers from each state, which were then interviewed by trained enumerators, out of these 200, only 146 and 144 copies of the questionnaires from Delta and Kogi States, respectively were found adequate and used in the analysis for the study. Data collected were analysed using descriptive statistics such as mean and standard deviation, marginal analysis as well as the stochastic frontier production function. Results from the study show that on the average more males (98.6%) were involved in yam production in both states as compared to 1.4% in the case of female. The technical efficiency of the farmers in both States varied. In Delta State, their technical efficiency varied from 0.20 to 0.93 with a mean of 0.85, while about 80% of the farmers had technical efficiencies exceeding 0.80. In Kogi State, the technical efficiency of farmers varied from 0.20 to 0.95, with a mean of 0.65, while only about 23% of the farmers had technical efficiencies exceeding 0.80. The results for resource use efficiency show that there were under utilization of land, labour and planting materials (seed yam) as the ratios of the value of marginal product to marginal fixed cost were greater than one in both states.
  P.O. Erhabor and C.O. Emokaro
  This study employed the use of the Stochastic Frontier Production Function in the comparative economic analysis of the relative technical efficiency of cassava farmers in the three agro-ecological zones of Edo State. A multi-stage random sampling technique was used to select 156 cassava farmers from the three agro-ecological zones of the State and the differences in the results obtained were discussed. The empirical estimates showed individual technical efficiency values that ranged from 23 to 95%, 43 to 97% and 52 to 98% with a mean of 72, 83 and 91%, for Edo South, Edo North and Edo Central agro-ecological zones, respectively. This shows that systemic differences in relative technical efficiency levels exist between the three zones and these differences were shown to be related to particular farmer’s characteristics. Non-physical factors that served as determinants of technical inefficiency in the three zones were, farmers level of education, age, farming experience and variety of planting materials used. Gender and family size were however, not found to be significant determinants of the technical inefficiency of cassava farmers in the State. Apart from this estimates serving as a guide to potential investors in the cassava industry in the State, the relative variations in technical efficiency is also an indication of the gaps that exist in the current production technologies employed by cassava farmers in the three agro-ecological zones of the State. The gaps should serve as intervention points for government and non-governmental agencies as well as other stakeholders in the emerging cassava industry in Nigeria.
  C.O. Emokaro and P.A. Ekunwe
  The objective of the study was to determine whether the resources employed in the production process were efficiently utilized. The primary data used in the study were gathered with the help of a well structured questionnaire, administered through the cost-route method of data collection. The simple random sampling technique was adopted after the study area had been stratified into regions where dry season amaranth production is carried out. The underlying analytical techniques employed were multiple regression analysis and descriptive statistics. The result showed that dry season amaranth producers in Edo South are smallholder farmers, predominantly males, with mean farm sizes ranging between 0.046, 0.067 and 0.093 hectare. It was also shown in the study that none of the resources employed in the production process was efficiently utilized. While land and fertilizer were underutilized (with efficiency estimate of 5.57 and 1.78, respectively), labour was shown to be over-utilized (with an efficiency estimate of 0.27). The immediate implication of these findings is that there is enough potential for increased production of amaranth, especially in the dry season when amaranth is known to be scarce. This can be actualized by the cropping of larger hectares, regulated usage of higher quantities of fertilizers and the provision of labour saving machines like water pumps and irrigation devices, which would help reduce labour requirements and enhance efficiency. This would go a long way in addressing the serious nutritional deficiencies in the diets of the average Nigerian.
 
 
 
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