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Articles by C.C. Achonwa
Total Records ( 2 ) for C.C. Achonwa
  I.C. Okoli , C.O.I. Udedibie , C.C. Achonwa , I.P. Ogbuewu , N.J. Anyanwu and V.H.A. Enemor
  Background and Objective: The leaves of many tropical plants are habitually given to animals as fodder without adequate knowledge of the nutritional and pharmacological compositions that generate their desirable effects. The objective of this study was to evaluate the phytochemical characteristics of leaf meals of Garcinia kola, Gongronema latifolium and Mucuna pruriens as candidate nutraceuticals in animal production. Materials and Methods: They were collected from surrounding farmlands and bushes at Ihiagwa, Owerri west Local Government Area (LGA) of Imo state, Nigeria. The leaf meals were subjected to physicochemical characterization to determine their bulk density (BD), water holding capacity (WHC), specific gravity (SG), proximate composition, metabolizable energy, fibre fractions, minerals and secondary metabolite concentrations. Results: The G. latifolium had higher bulk density than M. pruriens and G. kola, while G. kola had higher water holding capacity (WHC) value. The G. latifolium yielded highest crude protein, crude fat, total ash and metabolizable energy values, while for crude fiber contents of M. pruriens yielded the highest. Conclusion: It is therefore, concluded that G. latifolium, G. kola and M. pruriens are endowed with essential nutrients and bioactive substances.
  C.C. Achonwa , I.P. Ogbuewu , M.C. Uchegbu and I.C. Okoli
  Background and Objective: Indigenous plants remain green at critical times of the year and produce large quantities of year round fodder, which is regarded as unconventional feed sources in tropical countries like Nigeria. This study evaluated the physico-chemical characteristics of leaf meals derived from Ficus microcarpa, a domesticated browse plant at Nnobi community, southeastern Nigeria. Materials and Methods: The three villages in the community namely Awuda (Sample A), Ebenesi (Sample E) and Ngo (Sample N) were purposively selected for the study in order to generate representative data for the community. Fresh foliage from three stands of F. microcarpa at each village was collected and air-dried by spreading them under shed every day for about 6-8 days and thereafter oven dried until they became crispy and then milled to produce F. microcarpa leaf meals (FMLM). The leaf meals were analyzed for their physicochemical values. Results: Results should that FMLM was rich in Fe and Zn. The order of micro mineral concentration was Fe>Mn>Cr>Zn>Cu>Ni. Conclusion: The FMLM is therefore relatively rich in crude protein and energy, digestible fibers and essential minerals. Feeding trials incorporating the leaf meal are recommended in order to evaluate its true nutrient value.
 
 
 
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