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Articles by C. Scheidt-Nave
Total Records ( 2 ) for C. Scheidt-Nave
  C. Heidemann , L. Kroll , A. Icks , T. Lampert and C. Scheidt-Nave
  Aims  The few studies examining the secular trend in diabetes prevalence in Germany have yielded conflicting results. Therefore, using nationally representative samples of adults, we investigated whether the prevalence of known diabetes has changed over 15 years.

Methods  Study participants were 25- to 69-year-old residents participating in nationally representative health surveys performed in the following time periods: 1990-1992, 1997-1999, 2002-2003, 2003-2004 and 2004-2005. Prevalences of diabetes, standardized to the population structure of 2004, and trends over time were assessed for the total study population as well as by gender and other diabetes-associated factors.

Results  Between 1990-1992 and 2002-2005, no statistically significant trend in the total (5.16 and 5.34%, P trend = 0.68) or sex-specific diabetes prevalence (men: 5.43 and 5.73, P trend = 0.62; women: 4.88 and 4.95%, P trend = 0.94) was observed. For each time period, prevalence rose substantially with increasing age, increasing body mass index, lower sporting activity and lower education.

Conclusions  Our findings reflect no temporal increase in the total prevalence of known diabetes in German adult men and women. However, prevalence estimates were relatively high when compared with other European studies and call for continued efforts for the prevention and management of diabetes.

  S. Schipf , C. O. Schmidt , D. Alte , A. Werner , C. Scheidt-Nave , U. John , A. Steveling , H. Wallaschofski and H. Volzke
  Aims  Smoking contributes to the development of diabetes and diabetes-related complications. Currently, data on smoking prevalence in subjects with diabetes in Germany are lacking. The aim of our analysis was to determine smoking prevalence in adults with Type 2 diabetes mellitus using data from the two population-based studies in Germany.

Methods  From the Study of Health in Pomerania (SHIP) (n = 4283) and the 1998 German National Health Interview and Examination Survey (GNHIES 98) (n = 6663) subjects aged 20-79 years were investigated. Descriptive statistics on smoking prevalence and behaviours were calculated for Type 2 diabetes mellitus and compared with the general population using weightings reflecting the European adult population.

Results  Overall, the prevalence of current smokers was lower among persons with than without Type 2 diabetes mellitus in SHIP (17.3% vs. 38.0%) and in GNHIES 98 (24.7% vs. 32.1%). Only in men, there were more former smokers in Type 2 diabetic patients than in subjects without diabetes in both studies. Among current and former smokers, the number of cigarettes smoked was higher among persons with than without Type 2 diabetes mellitus. For men, this finding was consistent in SHIP and GNHIES 98, while in women, this difference was only observed in GNHIES 98.

Conclusions  The associations between smoking and Type 2 diabetes mellitus are likely to reflect behavioural changes secondary to illness or medical counselling. The high proportion of current smokers among Type 2 diabetic patients, particularly men, should be monitored in repeated surveys following the introduction of disease management programmes.

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